Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Final Review ("millionaire" Q's 1-30 + powerpoint)
Terms in this set (118)
What is best demonstrated on the RAO of the C-spine?
Rt. intervertebral foramina
Which procedure should be used to demonstrate injured posterior ribs numbers 10, 11, and 12?
The stomach is higher and more transverse for which body habits?
Which view best demonstrates the right colic flexure?
In an AP oblique projection (RPO) what is seen?
Lt. kidney parallel and Rt ureter
How do you perform an AP bladder (cystography) image?
supine, CR 10-15 degrees caudal
What type of contrast media should be used if the patient has a history of bowl perforation?
A long exposure time (breathing technique) is useful for which of the following positions/projections?
lateral thoracic spine
At what level is the 14 x 17 IR centered for a lateral lumbosacral spine?
If parents are allowed in the room they should wear:
apron and gloves if their hands are in the beam
Which projection best demonstrates the intervertebral foramina of the thoracic vertebral column?
To what level of the body should the central ray be directed for a lateral projection of the thoracic vertebral column?
inferior angle of the scapula
The T-tube cholangiogram is done where?
in the department
Which projection of the skull protects the petrous bone in the lower third of the orbits?
The RPO oblique projection of the sternoclavicular joints will demonstrate the joints space?
farthest from the film
What is the correct CR angulation for an AP axial projection of the sacroiliac joints?
30-35 degree cephalic
The xiphoid process is at?
The Pigg-o-stat can be used for average size children up to the age of ________?
For the orthopedic films where should the R or L marker be placed?
L4 and L5 are located at the level of the?
superior aspect of the iliac crest
Which projection would place the right kidney perpendicular to the IR?
Ap oblique, RPO
Which of the following is considered an operative examination?
A severe reaction to a medication or contrast medium would be?
Where is the compression applied during an IVP?
distal ends of the ureters
Which projection of the colon best demonstrates the lateral aspect of the ascending colon and the medical aspect of the descending colon, when the colon is inflated with air & barium?
AP, L lateral decubitus
How far is the enema tip inserted into the rectum for a colon examination?
no more than 4"
Which of the following are essential projections for examination of the small intestine?
1 and 2
Which drug may be given to the patient before a double contrast examination of the stomach to relax the GI track?
A properly exposed abdominal radiograph will exhibit the:
1. Psoas muscles
2. Lower border of the liver
3. Transverse process of the lumbar vertebrae
1, 2, and 3
(psoas muscles, lower border of liver, transverse process of the lumbar vertebrae)
One of the greatest dangers facing a premature neonate is?
Which of the following joints is found between the superior and inferior articular processes?
T or F: The zygapophyseal joints of ALL cervical vertebrae are visualized only in a true lateral position.
(C1 and C2 visualized on a frontal or AP projection)
The zygopophyseal joints for the second through seventh cervical vertebrae are at a _______ angle to the midsagittal plane; the thoracic vertebrae are at a _______ angle to the midsagittal plane.
Cervical - 90
Thoracic - 70
What is the recommended SID for a lateral projection of the C-spine?
The lateral projection of the cervical spine should be taken during expiration. Why?
For maximum shoulder depression
Which specific projection must be taken first if trauma to the cervical spine is suspected and the patient is in a supine position on a backboard?
lateral, horizontal beam projection
For the central ray to pass through the "open" intervertebral spaces on a 45* degree posterior oblique projection of the cervical vertebrae, which central ray angle (if any) would be required?
15 degree caudal
PA axial oblique intervertebral foramina. LAO position demonstrating left side
Which foramina are demonstrated with a LPO position of the cervical spine?
right intervertebral foramina (upside)
The intervertebral foramina for the cervical spine lie at a _______ angle to the midsagittal plane.
To ensure that the intervertebral joint spaces are open for lateral thoracic spine projections, it is important to:
keep vertebral column parallel to IR
T or F: When using digital imaging for spine radiography, it is important to use close collimation, grids, and lead masking.
If close collimation is used during conventional radiography of the spine, the use of lead masking is generally required.
Notice sponge placement for lateral thoracic spine
Which two landmarks must be aligned for a AP "open mouth" projection?
lower edge of the upper incisors and the base of the skull are superimposed
When should the Judd or Fuchs method be performed?
If unable to demonstrate the upper portion of the dens with the AP "open mouth" projection
The large joint space between C1 and C2 is called the ________
AP "open mouth"
FUNCTIONAL STUDY - hyper flexion and hyperextension lateral positions
The sacroiliac joints lie at an oblique angle of ______ to the coronal plane.
T or F: The knees and hips should be extended for an AP projection for the L-spine
Which two structures can be evaluated to determine whether rotation is present on the radiography of an AP projection of the L-spine?
Si joints are equidistant from spine and spinous process should be midline to the vertebral column
Where is the CR for an AP projection of the lumbar spine with an 11 x 14 IR?
2" above the crest
Which specific set of zygapophyseal joints are demonstrated with an LAO position?
Which position or projection of the lumbar spine series best demonstrates a possible compression fracture?
A patient with a wide pelvis and narrow thorax may require a central ray angle of ________ for a lateral position of the lumbar spine.
5 to 10 degree caudad
Where is the CR centered for a lateral L5-S1 projection of the L-spine?
1 1/2 inches inferior to iliac crest and 2 inches posterior to ASIS
T or F: the AP projection of the sacrum and coccyx can be taken as one single projection to decrease gonadal dose
How much CR angulation is required for an AP projection of the sacrum?
Where is the CR centered for an AP projection of the coccyx?
2" superior to the symphysis pubis
T or F: Is it virtually impossible to visualize the sternum with a direct PA or AP projection.
T or F: A large, "deep chested" (hypersthenic) patient requires more obliquity for a frontal view of the sternum as compared with a "thin chested" (asthenic) patient.
How much obliquity should be used for the oblique position of the sternum for a large "deep chested" patient
Where is the CR centered for the oblique and lateral projections of the sternum?
What is the breathing instructions for a RAO sternum?
(shallow breathing can be performed if patient is cooperate. If not possible, suspend respiration on expiration)
How should the arms be positioned for a lateral projection of the sternum?
Where is the central ray centered for a PA projection of the sternoclavicular joints?
Level of T2-3
Which one of the following positions or projections will best demonstrate the right axillary ribs?
AP spot radiograph of barium-filled fundus of stomach.
T or F: Upper GI and esophagrams are usually started in the upright position?
What interactions might a patient be given following a upper GI exam?
Drink plenty of fluids, take a mild laxative, increase dietary fiber
The usual prep for an UGI is?
NPO after midnight
Common views for an UGI, not counting AP scout?
RAO, PA, Rt. Lat, LPO, AP
When performing a small bowel series the first image after ingestion of barium is taken when?
What is the CR for delayed images of the small intestine?
at the iliac crest
T or F: Barium sulfate never dissolves in water
What type of contrast media should be used if patient has a history of bowel perforation?
oral, water-soluble iodinated contrast media
When patient condition would prevent the use of a water-soluble contrast media for an upper GI?
sensitivity to iodine
T or F: Barium enema is recommended to diagnose appendicitis
Which stomach is higher and more transverse?
The stomach of an asthenic patient is most likely to be located?
low, vertical, and toward the midline
What two abdominal organs most dramatically affected, in relation to location, by body habitus?
stomach and gallbladder
Would the fundus of the stomach be more superior or more inferior when one takes in a deep breath?
inferior due to the proximity to the diaphragm
What is the correct centering for the lateral position of the barium filled stomach?
Midway between the midcoronal plane and the anterior surface of the abdomen
Which projection taken during an upper GI will best demonstrate the retrogastric space?
A double contrast upper GI requires a slightly ________ kVp compared with a single contrast medium.
UGI and Esophagus usually begins with the table and patient in the ________ position.
Body position identification based on stomach filled with air or barium
Barium = white, Air = black
The three most common basic or routine projections for an esophagram are:
AP, RAO, Left Lateral
Which of the following structures will fill with air during a barium enema with the patient supine?
transverse colon and sigmoid colon
A twisting of a portion of the intestine on its own mesentery is
Outpouching of the mucosal wall is
Telescoping of one part of the intestine into another
Inward growth extending from the lumen of the intestinal wall
T or F: Any stool retained in the large intestine may require cancellation of a barium enema.
Which view shows the colon's ability to expel barium?
Post evac. film
T or F: The enema bad should not be more than 36" in. above the table top before the beginning of the procedure
Which type of patient may require two 14x17 crosswise cassettes for an AP barium enema projection?
Which positions taken during a barium enema will demonstrate the right colic flexure? How much are they rotated)
RAO or LPO
Rotation 35-45 degrees
Which projection, taken during a double contrast barium enema will produce an air filled image of the right colic flexure, ascending colon, and cecum?
Left lateral decubitus
Which colic flexure is located higher in the abdomen?
Which structure is considered to be most anterior in the large intestines?
AP Axial Large Intestine CR
CR angled 30 to 40 degrees cephalic
AP- CR 2" inferior to level of ASIS, and to midsagittal plane
LPO- CR 2" inferior and 2" medial to right ASIS
Another name for AP axial large intestine
What is the CR angle for the AP axial large intestine?
What is the CR angle for the PA axial large intestine?
Post-op (T-tube) cholangiograms are generally performed in?
Centering for a PA scout projection on a hypersthenic patient is usually?
higher and more lateral
Condition of having gallstones
What degree of rotation from supine is needed to place the kidneys parallel to the film?
Glucophage is a drug that is taken for the management of
The American College of Radiology recommends the Glucophage be withheld ______ before a contrast media procedure and not taken for ______ following a contrast media procedure.
48 hours; 48 hours
What should the tech do first when a patient is experiencing either a moderate or a sever contrast media reaction?
Call for help/push fluids
T or F: If an IVU and BE are both schedule, the IVU should always be performed first.
Which specific body position will place the right kidney parallel to the film?
Done by urologist
In what department are most retrograde urograms performed?
What CR angle is utilized for the AP projection taken during a cystogram?
10-15 degrees caudal
Sets with similar terms
Chapter 14: Biliary Tract & Upper GI (Handouts)
Bontrager CH9 Lumbar, Sacrum, Coccyx
Other sets by this creator
Physics Review Kahoot
Radiation Protection Kahoot
Midterm Review (Kahoot) + FINAL REVIEW