Feudalism and Manorialism Vocab
Terms in this set (37)
mutual; given and received in return; exchangeable; interacting; Ex. reciprocal trade agreement
able to produce enough for one's own needs
the land controlled by a ruler or lord, territory over which rule or control is exercised
cultivated land that is not seeded for one or more growing seasons
arable land that is worked by plowing and sowing and raising crops
Grass or other plants grown for feeding grazing animals, as well as land used for grazing.
The practice of rotating use of different fields from crop to crop each year, to avoid exhausting the soil.
troops trained to fight on horseback
referring to Middle Ages
a political and social system that developed during the Middle Ages; nobles offered protection and land in return for service
A system of inheritance in which the eldest son in a family received all of his father's land. The nobility remained powerful and owned land, while the 2nd and 3rd sons were forced to seek fortune elsewhere. Many of them turned to the New World for their financial purposes and individual wealth.
land granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for loyalty and service
An economic system based on the manor and lands including a village and surrounding acreage which were administered by a lord. It developed during the Middle Ages to increase agricultural production.
a person who lived on and farmed a lords land in feudal times
a code that knights adopted in the late Middle Ages; requiring them to be brave, loyal and true to their word; they had to fight fairly in battle
trial by ordeal
a primitive method of determining a person's guilt or innocence by subjecting the accused person to dangerous or painful tests believed to be under divine control
trial by battle
the accused and the accuser fought a duel, the outcome of the duel determined guilty or innocent
Peace of God
church decree that forbade knights to pillage church property and extended protection to all noncombatants in society
Truce of God
Decrees fighting forbidden on weekends and Holy Days
of or relating to or characteristic of feudalism
The historical period from around 500 A.D. up to around 1450 A.D. between the fall of Rome and the birth of the Renaissance
in the middle ages, a noble who usually was given a fief by his lord in exchange for loyalty
A large estate, often including farms and a village, ruled by a lord.
The rights of a christian church they were ceremonies which participants received direct favor or grace from God to help them ward off the consequences of sin
The practice of living the life of a monk
The superior of a community of monks.
pay a tenth of one's income, especially to the church
the Church's own body of laws; this law applied to religious teachings, the behavior of the clergy, and even marriages and morals
to forbid, prohibit
the selling of official positions in the medieval roman catholic church
a church court set up to try people accused of heresy
Governing body of the Roman Catholic Church
The priests of the churches in Rome or bishops of churches close to Rome
Italian monk who founded the Benedictine order about 540 (480-547)
Apostle and patron saint of Ireland
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PCOL EXAM 3