Terms in this set (6)
Donoghue v Stevenson (1932)
manufacturer to consumer
Dorset Yacht v Home Office 
Lord Wilberforce advocated the use of a two stage test
Any act or omission which falls short of a standard to be expected of "the reasonable man."
For a claim in negligence to succeed
It is necessary to establish that a duty of care was owed by the defendant to the claimant, that the duty was breached. That the claimant's loss was caused by the breach of duty, and that the loss fell within the defendants scope of duty and was a foreseeable consequence of that breach of duty.
Anns v Merton LBC  AC 728 per Lord Wilberforce
The courts abandoned the two-stage test due to its perceived problems. Many cases interpreted by Lord Bridge establishing a three stage test in 1990 House of Lords decision
Caparo v Dickman (1990)
1) sufficient proximate relationship
2) fair, just, and reasonable
3) could the defendant reasonable foreseen that his or her negligence that his or her negligence would harm the claimant