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Ap Gov Chapter 11 Vocab (Set 1)
Terms in this set (26)
The passage by Congress of a spending bill specifying the amount of authorized funds that they actually will be allocated for an agencies use.
A formal declaration by legislative committee that a certain amount of funding may be available to an agency. Some terminate in a year; others are renewable automatically without further congressional action.
The division of the legislature into two separate assemblies
Blue Dog Democrats
Members of Congress from more moderate states or district who sometimes cross over to vote with Republicans on legislation
Personal work for constituents by members of Congress
Hey special joint committee appointed to reconcile differences when bills passed the two chambers of Congress in different forms
An alliance of Republicans and southern Democrats that can form in the house or the Senate to oppose liberal legislation and support conservative legislation
One of the persons represented by a legislator or other elected or appointed official.
A temporary funding law that Congress passes when in appropriations bill has not been decided by the beginning of the new fiscal year October 1.
An intraparty election in which the voters select the candidates who will run on a party ticket and the subsequent general election
A procedure by which a bill in the House of Representatives maybe forced out of a committee that has refused to report it for consideration by the house. It must be signed by an absolute majority of 218 representatives and is used only on rare occasions
Funding appropriations that are specifically designated for a named project in a member state or district
A power specifically granted to the national government by the Constitution. The first 17 clauses of article 1 section 8 specify most of the ______ _____ of Congress
The budget prepared and submitted by the Pres. to Congress.
The annual process in which the Office of Management and Budget, after receiving formal federal agency requests for funding for the next fiscal year, reviews the requests, makes changes, and submits its recommendations to the Pres.
The use of the senate's tradition of unlimited debate as a delaying tactic to Block a bill.
First budget resolution
A resolution passed by Congress in May that sets overall revenue and spending goals for the following fiscal year
Fiscal year (FY)
A 12 month. That is used for bookkeeping or accounting purposes.
A policy that enables members of Congress to send material through the mail by substituting their facsilmile signature for postage
The drawing of legislative district boundary lines to obtain partisan or factional advantage. This occurs when a districts shape is manipulated by the dominant party in the state legislature to maximize electoral strength at the expense of the minority party
The actions and behaviors of a member of Congress in Washington, intended to promote policies and the member's own career aspirations
The actions and behaviors of a member of Congress aimed at the constituents and intended to win the support and trust of the voters at home.
A legislator who is an agent of the voters who elected him or her and votes according to the views of constituents regardless of personal believes
A legislative committee composed of members from both chambers of Congress
A question that maybe raised and reviewed in court
The process of establishing the legal rules that govern society
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