Cardiopulm- NWHSU- Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors
Terms in this set (21)
The presence of risk factors doesn't mean that a disease _____ happen. The ansence of risk factors doesn't mean that a disease ______ happen.
Health is ______. There are many factors that interact to determine an individual's health. Some are controllable, some are not.
What is the Framingham study?
a prospective study to identify cardiovascular risk factors
What does it mean that CV risk factors can be additive?
the presence of one CV risk factor can magnify the effects f another CV risk factor (also controlling or eliminating one may have a beneficial effect on another)
Why do we take risks with our health?
"wont happen to me" syndrome
conflicts with other priorities
consequences don't occur until years later
__________(non-modifiable/modifiable) risk factors can't be controlled.
__________(non-modifiable/modifiable) risk factors can be controlled.
What are some examples of CV risk factors you can't control?
Age increases CV risk in men over ____ and women over _____.
What are some things that could be a cause for concern for developing CV disease in family histories?
CV disease itself
Women develop coronary artery disease (CAD) about ____ years later than men.
What are some CV risk factors you can control?
smoking, excess weight, inactivity, stress, drugs, HTN, vitamin D deficiency
Why do we care about identifying cardiovascular risk factors?
to alert the patient to things that put them at risk for CV disease so they can to something to prevent CV issues
______(primary/secondary) prevention of CV disease is controlling risk factors before CV disease develops. Almost 50% of deaths from heart disease occur before ssx are present.
______(primary/secondary) prevention of CV disease is initiating risk factor modification after CV disease is detected.
Smoking causes ___% of all deaths. It is the leading cause of preventable illness in the US.
What are some CV effects of smoking?
accelerated atherosclerosis, increased clotting, decreased HDL, damaged endothelium
The benefits of quitting smoking begin _____.
immediately- 10 years after quitting you're no longer at smoking induced risk for heart and lung disease
What is known as the silent killer?
high blood pressure
What is primary/essential HTN?
the cause is unknown
What is secondary HTN?
blood pressure is elevated due to another diagnosis (cushing's, hyperthyroidism)
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