World History - Chapter 30
World History - Chapter 30
Terms in this set (20)
Leader of the Bolshevik (later Communist) Party. He lived in exile in Switzerland until 1917, then returned to Russia to lead the Bolsheviks to victory during the Russian Revolution and the civil war that followed.
Czar Nicholas II
(1868-1918) Czar of Russia (1894-1917). He was overthrown during the Russian Revolution of 1917. Later, he and his family were killed by the revolution's leadership.
Bolshevik revolutionary, head of the Soviet Communists after 1924, and dictator of the Soviet Union from 1928 to 1953. He led the Soviet Union with an iron fist, using Five-Year Plans to increase industrial production and terror to crush opposition
A revolutionary group in Russia led by Vladimir Ilyich Lenin
(1866-1925) Chinese nationalist leader who fought to end foreign domination. He formed the Kuomintang, or Nationalist Party, which overthrew the Manchu Dynasty and established a republican form of government in its place. Also known as Sun Yat-sen.
tried to avoid a conflict with Japan so he could deal with what he considered the greater threat from the Communists. when clashes between China and Japan broke out he sought to appease Japan by allowing it to govern areas in North China; in December 1936,Chiang ended his military efforts against the Communists and formed a new united front against the Japanese. after the Japanese seized the Chinese capital in 1937, Chiang moved the government upriver first to Hankou then to Chongqing; was military leader of China; Japan wanted to force Chiang to agree to join a New Order in East Asia, composed of Japan, Manchuria, and China
(1893-1976) Leader of the Communist Party in China that overthrew Jiang Jieshi and the Nationalists. Established China as the People's Republic of China and ruled from 1949 until 1976.
The 6,000-mile (9,600-kilometer) flight of Chinese Communists from southeastern to northwestern China. The Communists, led by Mao Zedong, were pursued by the Chinese army under orders from Chiang Kai-shek. (789)
May Fourth Movement
A national protest in China in 1919, in which people demonstrated against the Treaty of Versailles and foreign interference.
passive resistance campaign of Mohandas Gandhi where many Indians protested the British tax on salt by marching to the sea to make their own salt.
1869-1948. Major spiritual and political leader of India and the Indian Peace Movement. Known as "Father of The Nation" in India for his defiance of British government and success in civil rights movement. Lead famous Dandi Salt March in opposition of British Salt Tax.
1905; peaceful march by russians turned deadly when Czar's guards fire on crowd, killing hundreds
A form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
The Great Purge
Josef Stalin's rein of terror on the Soviet Union, Time period when all opposition to the communist government under Stalin were sent to labor camps.
ordered by Chiang Kai-Shek. thousands of communists killed. April 1927. Nationalist-Communist alliance destroyed.
In April 1919 British troops opened fire without warning on 10,000 people who were holding a protest meeting. The troops killed about 400 people and wounded 1,000.
Nationalist Party in China led by Jiang Jieshi, which began a war against the Communist Party led by Mao Zedong. Both fought for control of China, with Mao and the Communists ultimately winning in 1949.
Laws passed in 1919 that allowed the British government in India to jail anti-British protesters without trial for as long as two years
British placed large taxes on India's essential--"salt"; caused Salt March
The party which opposed to the Bolsheviks. Started in 1903 by Martov, after dispute with Lenin. The Mensheviks wanted a democratic party with mass membership.