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27 terms

Strong/Weak Acids and Bases

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HCl
Strong acid
HBr
Strong acid
HI
Strong acid
H2SO4
Strong acid
HClO4
Strong acid
HClO3
Strong acid
HF
Weak acid
HC2H3O2
Weak acid
H3PO4
Weak acid
H2CO3
Weak acid
HCN
Weak acid
HClO2
Weak acid
HClO
Weak acid
What do strong acids do in reactions?
Go to completion
What do weak acids do in reactions?
Go to equilibrium.
LiOH
Strong base
NaOH
Strong base
KOH
Strong base
HNO3
Strong acid
PbOH
Strong base
Mg(OH)2
Strong base
Ca(OH)2
Strong base
Besides the special acids like HCl or HF, how can you tell the difference between a strong or weak acid?
Strong acids have at least 2 or more oxygens than hydrogens.
NH3
Weak base
CH3NH2
Weak base
CH3Cl2NH3
Weak base
How do you tell if a base is weak?
It has nitrogen or carbon in it.