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Features of weather include all of the following except

ozone concentration

Climate is the general pattern of weather over a period of


The two most important factors in climate are

temperature and precipitation

Climate is influenced by

All of these answers

The term greenhouse effect

describes the trapping of heat energy in the troposphere by certain gaseous molecules

The rain shadow effect refers to

drier conditions on the leeward side of mountain ranges

Microclimates are least likely to be produced by

flat plains

Which of the following microclimate effects is incorrectly described?

Cities tend to have lower temperatures and higher wind speeds than the surrounding countryside

The most important factor in determining which biome is found in a particular area is


Large ecological regions with characteristic types of natural, undisturbed ecological communities are called


Generally, the limiting factor that controls the vegetative character of a biome is


Climate and vegetation vary with

latitude and altitude

Which of the following are examples of deciduous plants?

maples and oaks

Which of the following are examples of evergreen plants?

pines and cedars

Succulent plants are most likely to be found in


Nights in deserts are cold because

there is a poor insulating effect from the desert's dry air

Humans impact the world's forests by

All of the above

The majority of earthquakes and volcanoes occur

along the edge of continents

The theory of plate tectonics explains

All of these answers

Tectonic plates move apart in opposite directions at a(an)

divergent plate boundary

Tectonic plates move in opposite but parallel directions along a fault at a(an)

transform fault

Which of the following is not a characteristic of a mineral?


Lava is an example of ____ rock.


The change of rocks from one type to another is known as

the rock cycle

Which of the following rocks is most likely to be formed from compacted shells and skeletons?


Which of the following rocks is most likely to be formed from compacted plant remains?


Lignite and bituminous coal are ____ rocks


Slate, anthracite, and marble are ____ rocks


Which of the following terms includes the others?

mineral resources

Extracting, processing, and using mineral resources

All of these answers

Mining can cause

All of these answers

Acid mine drainage

may contaminate groundwater

Waste soil and rock removed during surface mining is called


The fraction of the ore containing waste minerals is called the


When ore undergoes processing, a waste called ____ is produced


Environmental impact would be greatest mining for ____ ore

a low-grade

Nodules of ____ are found on the floor of the deep ocean


One reason manganese-rich nodules are an attractive resource is that

they contain several other important minerals

When a resource has been economically depleted, we can

All of these answers

Depletion time is the time it takes to use up about ____% of the mineral reserves at a given rate.


A depletion curve is typically used to

project the depletion time for a resource

High-strength plastics and composite materials strengthened by carbon and glass fibers are advantageous because they are

All of these answers

Recycling aluminum beverage cans and scrap aluminum produces ____% less energy than mining and processing aluminum ore


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