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43 terms

ANIMAL HANDLING AND RESTRAINT

ANIMAL HANDLING AND RESTRAINT
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acrylic rodent restrainer
Used for rat and mouse venipuncture; a clear plastic tube with holes drilled into it that holds a small rodent.
bull staff
Restraint equipment for cattle that consists of a long-handled metal rod with a large hook at one end that clips to the nose ring, helping to restrain the head.
casting rope
A rope used to place an enclosed animal on its side.
cat bag
A restraint device designed to enclose a cat's body while providing access to treatment sites.
catching hook
A hook, usually about five inches long, attached to a long-handled pole for the purpose of catching chickens and turkeys.
catching net
A net, usually attached to the end of a longhandled wooden pole, used to remove individual birds from a flock.
cattle chute
A cattle examination area large enough to hold one animal, often with poles for cross-tying and an opening to hold its head in place.
cephalic vein
Venipuncture site along the front of the foreleg.
chain shank
A long leather lead or rope with about a two-foot length of chain and a snap hook at one end, used to distract a horse.
chain twitch
A horse restraint, usually composed of a long wooden handle with a loop of stainless-steel chain at one end, designed to distract a horse by stimulating its nerves.
chemical restraint
Use of sedatives, tranquilizers, and anesthetics on an animal.
cross-tie
A restraint method that restricts an animal's side-to-side head movement by tying two ropes to the halter and to cross-tie rings in a barn or transport trailer.
fetal hold
The technique of grasping a cat by the scruff of the neck.
Forceps
Instrument which grasps small rodents and allows for their transport from one cage to another.
Halter
Gear composed of a noseband and a throatlatch that encircles the head of a large animal such as a horse, allowing a lead to be attached for restraint.
head snare
A long metal or heavy-duty plastic, tubular handle with a thick retractable wire inside it, forming a large loop designed to be pulled out, slipped over an animal's head, and quickly tightened.
Hobble
A leather strap fastened around an animal's legs to restrict their movement.
Hurdle
Flat, shieldlike piece of plastic or plywood three feet square, used to direct a group of pigs into an enclosure.
jugular vein
Venipuncture site on the front of the neck.
lateral recumbency
Animal restrained on its side and stretched out (also called reclining restraint).
Lead
A guide leash, often made of leather or rope, which attaches to a halter and allows you to hold an animal in place or guide its direction.
manual restraint
Using your hands to hold the animal in the desired position.
mechanical restraint
Use of equipment like leashes, collars, restraint bags, and poles on an animal.
milking hobbles
Two metal bands, connected by a length of chain, used to prevent a cow from kicking.
Muzzle
Any device applied around an animal's nose and mouth to prevent the animal from biting.
nasal septum
Tissue between the nostrils.
nose lead
Large metal tongs with large ball-shaped ends, designed for cattle to hold their heads in place.
Occlude
In venipuncture, to block or hold off a vein by pressing on it with your finger, allowing blood to pool in the vein.
pig catcher
A long-handled, large clamp with a rope that holds the ends of the clamp shut.
restraint gloves
Heavy gauntlet-type gloves, used to handle cats, typically made of leather too thick for cats to bite through.
rope twitch
A device just like a chain twitch, only made of rope.
saphenous vein
Venipuncture site on the outer surface of the hind leg.
slip leash
A leash of flat or braided nylon with a ring at one end, designed to tighten momentarily the way a training collar does.
snubbing rope
A rope with a loop at one end, tied with a slip knot so that the loop can be tightened, designed to help restrain a captured pig's head.
Stanchion
An opening at the front of a cattle chute that holds the head in place.
Sternum
Breastbone.
sternal recumbency
Animal placed on its sternum at the edge of the table, its forelegs extending off the edge of the table.
Stocks
Narrow enclosures that partially immobilize a horse for treatment.
tail jacking
Used to prevent the animal from kicking, this technique restrains an animal for minor technical procedures. It involves lifting the tail up in line with the animal's spine to prevent fracturing the vertebrae.
tail tying
Technique that involves tying an animal's tail out of the way for certain procedures.
training collar
Stainless-steel links with a ring at each end, forming a dog collar designed to tighten momentarily with a short, firm tug.
Venipuncture
Puncturing a vein to collect blood, administer medication, or pass a catheter.
V-trough
A V-shaped trough usually made of plywood used to restrain a pig on its back.