Introduction to Criminal Justice Chapter One Vocabulary
This is chapter one in the book for Introduction to Criminal Justice for Professor Ingersoll at Kaskaskia College.
Terms in this set (20)
a specific act of commission or omission in violation of the law, for which a punishment is prescribed.
Crime Control Model
a model of the criminal justice system that assumes freedom is so important that every effort must be made to repress crime, it emphasizes efficiency, speed, finality, and dispose of a high proportion of offenders.
Crimes Without Victims
offenses involved a willing and private exchange of illegal goods or services that are in strong demand. Participants do not feel they are prosecuted on the ground that society as a whole is being individual.
offenses that involve the use of one or more crimes.
Dark Figure of Crime
a metaphor referring to the dangerous dimension of crime that is never reported to police.
Due Process Model
a model of the criminal justice system that assumes freedom is so important that every effort must be made to ensure that criminal decisions are based on reliable information it emphasizes the adversarial process, the rights of defendants, and formal decision-making procedures.
serious offenses that carries a penalty of incarceration usually for one year or more. People convicted of (these offenses) lose the right to vote, hold elective office, or maintain certain licenses.
using the Internet to steal someone's identity and/ or impersonate the victim in order to conduct illicit transactions such as committing fraud using the victim's name and identity.
Mala In Se
acts that are outlawed because the violate basic moral values such as rape, murder, assault, and robbery. These offenses are wrong in themselves.
acts that are outlawed because they clash with current norms and public opinion such as tax, traffic, and drug laws, but are not wrong in themselves.
a criminal offense defined as less serious than a felony.
the process of creating the appearance that large amounts of money obtained from serious crimes, such as drug trafficking or terrorist activity, originated from a legitimate source.
National Crime Victimization Surveys (NCVS)
the on-going victimization study conducted jointly by the Justice Department and the U.S. Census Bureau that surveys victims about their experiences with law violation.
National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS)
a relatively new program that requires local police agencies to provide a brief account of each incident and arrest with in twenty-two crime patterns including incident, victim, and offender information.
is crime that is committed through opportunity created in the course of legal occupation. Thefts of company property, vandalism the misuse of information and many other activities come under that rubric of occupational crime.
illegal activities of people and organizations whose acknowledged purpose is profit through illegitimate business enterprise.
acts that constitute a threat against the state such as treason, sedition (rebellion), or espionage.
the principle that injury to the public good order constitutes a basis for setting aside, or denying effect to acts or transactions.
Uniform Crime Reports (UCR)
large database, complied by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, of crimes reported and arrests made each year throughout the United States.
offenses against persons and property committed primarily by members of the lower class. These crimes are most upsetting to the public.
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