Sermons Rome Review #1
Terms in this set (75)
A man-made channel used for delivering water to Roman Towns. Public fountains and baths made water available to everyone.
Attila the Hun
Made frequent and devastating raids into the Roman Empire. Hungarian. Called Flagellum Dei meaning scourge of God.
Also called Octavian/first Roman emperor. Nephew of Julius Caesar.
a person from an alien land, culture, or group believed to be inferior, uncivilized, or violent
Battle of Adrianople
Battle in which Emperor Valens and his army of the Eastern Roman Empire is overrun and slaughtered by a large barbarian army
Marcus Julius Brutus, Roman politician, one of the leaders in the conspiracy that assassinated Julius Caesar in 44 BCE
the Continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity, its capital city was Constantinople
A government Official who counted the people of Rome He also was responsible for public morality and some of the government finances
an official enumeration of the population, with details as to age, sex, occupation, etc.(in ancient Rome) the registration of citizens and their property, for purposes of taxation
A division of the Roman army made up of 80 soldiers and led by a centurion.
Roman statesman and scholar. Great Orator and Writer. Killed by Second Triumvirate. Latin translator of Greek Classics.
Roman statesman regarded as a model of simple virtue;he twice was called to assume dictatorship of Rome and each time retired to his farm
A large oval shaped stadium used for chariot races.
in Rome, had certain rights and privileges including the right to vote. Only freeborn men were full ones
Ancient Romans thought it was their responsibility to participate in government as citizens of the Republic
A queen of Egypt in the first century BCE She lived for some time in Rome with Julius Caesar/ After Antony's death, she committed suicide
A division of the Roman army. It was made up of six centuries or 480 men
an oval amphitheatre in the center of the city of Rome, Italy situated just east of the Roman Forum
Constantine the Great
Emperor of Rome who stopped the persecution of Christians and in 324 made Christianity the official religion of the Rome
The largest city and former capital of Turkey; rebuilt on the site of ancient Byzantium by Constantine I in the fourth century; renamed Constantinople by Constantine who made it the capital of the Byzantine Empire; now the seat of the Eastern Orthodox Church
The highest position in the Roman government. There were two consuls elected each year for a one year term.
a ruler that has absolute power
rose from Roman Cavalry commander to Emperor/ stabilized the empire after chaos of 3rd Century/ selected by Army
Line of hereditary leaders in a country Usually a monarchy
The leader of an empire. The first of Rome was Augustus(Octavian)
The area of a Roman town that was the center of Roman life. Government meetings, public speeches, and business here
a painting made on a freshly plastered wall. The paint would be absorbed into the plaster as it dried.
What the Romans called the lands to the north and west of Italy. Modern France/Belgium/Switzerland
Gaius and Tiberius Gracchus
Roman political reformers who, through their use of the tribute system, focused on agrarian and land reform benefiting the lower classes
Ancient professional fighter who fought for entertainment of the masses sometimes to the death
A short sword used by Roman soldiers
a nomadic germanic people who fought against Roman rule helping to bring about the downfall of the Roman Empire
3rd of the five good emperors famous for stabilizing and consolidating the empire and building projects such as a defensive"wall" in northern Britain
From Carthage general in Second Punic War/ He then marched his massive army with Elephants across the Pyrenees and Alps into central Italy
Latin lyric poet and satirist under Augustus. Themes of his Odes and Epistles are love/friendship
Warlike Asiatic nomadic people who ravaged Europe in the 4th and 5th century CE
a mountainous region in southern europe/ location of the countries of Spain and Portugal
Roman general, statesman, and historian. the conquer of Gaul, victor in civil war and ultimately dictator led to destruction of republic
the language of ancient Rome and it's empire, widely used historically as a language of scholarship and administration
The main unit of the Roman army. It generally had around 5400 soldiers and was divided up into groups of men called cohorts and centuries
Last of the Five "Good Emperors"/known as a Stoic philosopher/wrote "Meditations", a collection of his thoughts
An individual who is hired to take part in an armed conflict but is not apart of a regular army/fight for money or other recompense rather than for political interests
A type of art using small tiles made of glass or stone to create a picture
A talented public speaker. This was an important skill for Roman leaders
The first major Roman poet/ wrote Metamorphoses, a 15-book continuous mythological narrative
A former temple in Rome celebrated for its architecture of interacting arches and domes
Male head of each Roman household. Oldest living male who was looked to for guidance and decisions
A privileged class of noble citizen families in Rome. Only they could hold the offices of senator or consul
"Roman Peace" refers to the time period from 27 BCE to 180 CE in the Roman Empire. This 200 year period saw unprecedented peace and prosperity under stable government
A commoner or average citizen of Rome such as farmers, shopkeepers, craftsmen. Not part of the Patrician privileged class
A high ranking military commander or magistrate in Roman government
An area of the Roman Empire that was outside Italy
Communal cleansing facilities in Roman towns that acted not only to promote public health but acted as community centers
People allowing other people to think or practice other religions and beliefs
Romans established a republic, a government in which citizens elected representatives to rule on their behalf
Town on Central Italy's Tiber River became the center of the famous Empire
Began when Augustus Caesar (27 BCE-14 CE) became the first emperor of Rome and ended, in the west, when the last Roman emperor was deposed by the Germanic King Odoacer (476 CE)
Period when Rome ruled by representatives elected by Roman citizens who enacted laws at their direction. Precursor to American Democracy
Romulus and Remus
Twin Brothers rescued by a wolf. As adults, they decided to found a city on the Tiber River on 7 hills which became Rome
Rule of Law
the principle that all people and institutions are subject to and accountable to law
Roman general who commanded the invasion of Carthage in the second Punic War and defeated Hannibal at Zama (circa 237-183 BC)
"Assembly of Old Men" who were the most experienced politicians and patricians in the Roman Republic. Appointed and advise the Consuls and survived into the Empire
Separation of Powers
Rome's precedents in both the Republic and Empire provided for a series of checks on the prerogatives of legislative assemblies, executive magistrates and ultimately the Senate in order to provide balance of power
(73-71 BC) The gladiator Spartacus famously led an uprising of thousands of slaves in central Italy, formed an army that defeated several Roman legions and at one point threatened Rome itself.
Bondage/ the backbone of the empire's economy, up until its end
The First Punic War
The Punic Wars were a series of three was fought between Rome and Carthage from 264 BC to 146 BC. At the time, they were some of the largest wars that had ever taken place. Fought over control of Sicily. The term Punic come from the Latin word Punicus (or Poenicus), meaning "Carthaginian"
The Second Punic War
The Second Punic War (aka The Hannibalic War) was fought between Carthage and Rome between 218 and 201 BCE. The Second Punic War involved confrontations in Spain, Italy, Sicily, Sardinia, and North Africa
The Third Punic War
Last of the Punic Wars fought between Carthage and the Roman Republic. Carthage was destroyed and survivors sold into slavery
Last Roman emperor to rule a united Roman Empire. He established Christianity as the state religion and successfully defended it
Rome built on its banks. Starts in the Apennines and flows southwest.
Adopted son of future emperor Augustus became emperor/believed rule as god/improved the Roman economy/ erratic behavior made him unpopular with citizenry and the senate
A long robe worn by Roman citizens. It was generally white with color markings for high ranking officials
An elected representative of the Plebeian Council. Tribunes could veto laws made by the Senate
A group of laws, written down and carved on 12 bronze tables, that became the foundation of Roman law
Regarded by Romans as a national treasure/Best known for his epic poem "The Aeneid"