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Science Exam Review
Terms in this set (148)
God of the underworld
Has Olympus Mons the largest volcano in the solar system
Often called the evening or morning star
Charon, its moon, was discovered in 1978 named after the ferryman of the river of death
Most significant ring system among our planets
The planet that got tipped on its side
Has Ishtar Terra, a huge plateau
Has the grand canyon
Has the Caloris impact crater, thought to have nearly blown the planet apart
Planet symbol is a trident
Atmosphere is 78% nitrogen gas and only 18% oxygen
Spin orbit coupling about 1 1/2 rotations per revolution, since the impact in the caloris basin disrupted its normal orbit
The two planets with asteroids between them
Mars and Jupiter
Planet symbol is a circle with a cross in the center representing the center of the universe
This planet was the ninth planet between 1979 and 1999 replacing pluto
Has Phobos and deimos as its moons
Well defined inner and outer core, mantle and tectonic crust layers
Resembles the sun with its hydrogen gas, but does not have enough mass to ignite
With no atmosphere to burn up space rocks upon entry, its surface is heavily cratered
Its moon is luna, the root of the word lunatic
Extreme greenhouse effect, extremely high temperatures, especially on the side that is facing the sun
God of war
Thought to be a comet remnant, not an actual planet
The red planet covered in rusty dust and rocks
Its day is longer than its year, since it turns so slowly on its axis
Has the four largest moons in the solar system
Atmosphere is dense fog with butts of sulfuric acid and carbon dioxide
Can only be seen at sunset and sunrise due its location near the sun
Has Titan thought to be the biggest moon in the solar system
The largest planet
Has polar ice caps, and huge erosion canyons once formed by running water that can't be found today
Four fifths of the planet is covered in water
Discovered by 22 year-old clyde Tombaugh in 1930
Has the famous and mysterious hurricane-like red spot
At one time it was thought to have an extensive creature having made a canal system
Its planet symbol is a cross attached directly below a circle
Who was the first man on the moon
Name the moons of Mars
Phobos and Deimos
What is the name of earths moon
Name the moons of Jupiter
Io, Europa, Callisto, and Ganymede
Name saturn's moon
Name Uranus's moon
Name Neptune's moon
Name Pluto's moon
What planet does Phobos orbit?
What planet does Deimos orbit?
What planet does Charon orbit?
What planet does Triton orbit?
What planet does Oberon orbit?
What planet does Luna orbit?
What planet does Io orbit?
What planet does Callisto orbit?
What planet does Europa orbit?
What planet does Ganymede orbit?
What is the scientific name of the Spring equinox?
What is the scientific name of the Fall equinox?
What could make UFOs silent?
The aliens might have figured out anti-gravity
True or False; In 1924 people thought the Universe was only as big as the Milky Way
Name the 4 rocky planets
Venus, Mars, Earth, Mercury
Name the 4 gas giants
Jupiter, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus
What is the order of the Earth, the Sun, and the Moon during solar eclipse?
Sun, Moon, Earth
What is the order of the Earth, the Sun, and the Moon during lunar eclipse?
Sun, Earth, Moon
Something from somewhere other than Earth
Cinderella or Goldilocks zone
Planet the right distance away from a star. A perfect fit for habitable life
Secret government facility suspected for reverse engineering alien ships
Taking apart something to see how it works
An suspected alien ship crashing into a farmers field
US Air Force "Blue Book" report
Air Force containing all identified flying objects. Discontinued in 1969
What would be a normal expected flight pattern for all identified flying objects?
Up, down, and straight
What is considered abnormal flight patterns for UFO's?
Zig-Zag and right angle turns
How did Schiaparelli and Lowell stimulate interest in aliens over 100 years ago?
They said that aliens were digging canals on Mars
The range of wavelengths or frequencies over which electromagnetic radiation extend
An apparatus for producing and recording spectra for examination
Joseph von Fraunhofer
He is known for the discovery of the dark absorption lines known as Fraunhofer lines in the Sun's spectrum, and for making excellent optical glass and achromatic telescope objectives
a particle representing a quantum of light or other electromagnetic radiation. A photon carries energy proportional to the radiation frequency but has zero rest mass.
Why were Americans so afraid after the Russians launched Sputnik in 1957?
They were afraid that Russia could drop a Nuclear bomb onto America from Space
Who rode on rockets before NASA's test pilots?
Several of NASA's first satellites launched into space were not military or spy, what were they?
They were all communication, weather, and research satellites
Ranger and Surveyor helped look for a good landing spot on the moon for Apollo 11. Why did NASA need to hire some geologists? What were the NASA scientists afraid of regarding the surface of the moon?
They were afraid that the surface of the Moon would be covered in 20 feet of soft dust
Why was it so important for the Gemini missions to practice docking and rendezvous missions in preparation for the Apollo missions to the moon?
So eagle could re-connect with columbia and come back to Earth
What is a Jet-Pack? What could they have been used for on the moon?
A Jet-Pack is a backpack that allows you to fly using jets.
Rob Goddard launched the first liquid fueled rocket. Many achievements in technology finally led to a giant rocket that would send us to the moon. What was its famous name?
Once Ranger, Surveyor, and Orbiter found a good landing site the stage was set for Apollo 11. What was the name of the landing site?
Toy story's character "Buzz Lightyear" has a NASA connection to history. What is it?
Buzz Lightyear is named after the 2nd man on the moon Buzz Aldrin
What were some of the two most famous spoken lines during Apollo 11's mission to the moon?
"Houston, the eagle has landed" and "One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind"
Tom Hanks starred in a famous film about a NASA mission. Name that mission and what problem they encountered.
Apollo 13 and it was a oxygen leak
What was or is the purpose of missions such as Skylab, Soyuz, or the ISS?
To see how long humans can live in space. To learn what is needed to allow humans to live in space for long periods of time.
If you personally can't go there, we send satellites or probes to do the work of mapping, filming, and study. This branch of science that and geography that helps us manage our natural resources on Earth or beyond is called?
Viking and Pathfinder missions to Mars only had one question, what was it?
If there was life on Mars
If Saturn has hot gases on its surface of 1 billion degrees, does it need sunlight to reflect off its surface for us to see it?
No, it makes its own light for us to see
How can a space shuttle land without power? Is there any danger to this plan?
Glide and yes the landing is do or die so it is dangerous
Why are the fuel tanks so big for launching any shuttle mission?
So the can escape gravity
If shuttles take off in Florida how can they land in the California desert?
What was the buran?
The buran was when Russia copied our shuttles exactly except for color but none ever flew
The most famous telescope on Earth is not actually on Earth. Name it and why is it so much better?
It is the Hubble and it is better because there is no pollution or weather to block the satellites view
When you see a neon light in a store window, what color comes to mind for most of the tube lights you see most often?
Red is the color that comes to mind.
What do you call a special piece of glass that can separate visible white light into the ROYGBIV wavelengths or colors of the rainbow?
A prism is a special piece of glass that displays ROYGBIV.
The astronomer's most valuable instrument?
The astronomer's most valuable information is?
How does a dark absorption spectral line identify an element?
The pattern tells you what element is burning.
Which of your pull tab elements do you always expect to find in most any star?
Hydrogen would be expected in all stars.
A shape with an inward angle; a shape with 2 inward angles
A shape with an outward angle; a shape with 2 outward anges
Visible Light Spectrum
Middle portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that is visible to the human eye
Picture of light rays
The throwing back by a body or surface of light, heat, or sound without absorbing it
change in direction of propagation of any wave as a result of its traveling at different speeds at different points along the wave front.
Dual wave particle theory of light
Light can not be completely explained as a particle or wave although it acts like both
The act or process of enlarging the physical appearance or image of something
The act or process of separating into constituent or elementary parts or resolving.
A simple magnifying glass is what kind of lens?
A simple magnifying lens is a bi-convex lens.
When someone uses a magnifying glass to start a fire, explain why a much bigger lens is better?
A bigger lens is much better because it can collect more light and converges more heat on one spot.
When you want to light up your house at night with floodlights, which lens type is likely on the outside of the bulb?
A floodlight uses a bi-concave lens.
The spotlight during the MS drama production likely has which lens type on the end of a spotlight canister?
A spotlight uses a bi-convex lens
True or False. Telescopes depend solely upon the greatest amount of light that it can gather from space and its ability to see far into space has absolutely nothing to do with the lenses of magnification around the eyepiece of the telescope or the lenses that simply bend the light/. Therefore the bigger collection surface the brighter and better the object in space looks. Whether or not the collection surface is a mirror or lens really doesn't matter much at all.
The light beams in this lab act as waves or particles?
They behave as both, nobody knows why but light acts as both a particle and a wave.
Give an example of how light could behave as a wave?
An example of a wave is when it goes through a prism and bends into different wavelengths
For many optical instruments, why are two lenses better than one?
The two lens's collect more light and multiply the magnification.
If light has to turn corners and go from place to place in various optical instruments, especially to reach variously located eyepieces, what 2 things can we use to get the light there.
We can use mirrors
When you aim an older film camera the light beam image is diverted up to your eye and eyepiece viewfinder, which is usually up above the camera and not in line with the lens. What must happen mechanically inside the camera when you actually shoot the camera so the image will go straight back from the lens to film?
The mirror has to flip up at of the way of the film.
When pirates capture a ship the most prized possession was the treasure but the other was what?
It was the astrolabe, octant, or the sextant.
A gun scope does not actually invert the image even though there are two convex lenses on either end. Explain.
The image is inverted twice making it right side up.
What are the three most popular telescope designs over the ages?
The most popular types are refractors, reflectors, and catadioptric telescopes.
United States astronomer who discovered that (as the universe expands) the speed with which nebulae recede increases with their distance from the observer
an apparatus for photographing or otherwise recording spectra.
a device consisting of a wheel or disk mounted so that it can spin rapidly about an axis that is itself free to alter in direction. The orientation of the axis is not affected by tilting of the mounting; so gyroscopes can be used to provide stability or maintain a reference direction in navigation systems, automatic pilots, and stabilizers.
A robotic arm is a type of mechanical arm, usually programmable, with similar functions to a human arm; the arm may be the sum total of the mechanism or may be part of a more complex robot.
simulator consisting of a machine on the ground that simulates the conditions of flying a plane
A machine that gives the effect of weightlessness
a rocket-launched spacecraft, able to land like an unpowered aircraft, used to make repeated journeys between the earth and earth orbit.
Is there the same gravitational pull on Pluto and Earth?
No, Earth is much bigger and has more mass, so it has more gravity
Do we always see the same side of the Moon?
Yes we always see the same side of the Moon.
What is the name of a big building on top of a mountain with a telescope in it?
What is the elliptical path of the planets called?
Who was the 2nd man on the moon?
What telescope has a system of mirrors?
Who stated that the sun was the center of the universe?
Who was the first man in space?
Yuri Gagarin of Russia
Who was the first US man in space?
Who was the first US man to orbit Earth in space?
How many degrees is the Earth's axis?
What were the Mercury missions trying to accomplish?
To try to get the first US man in space
What were the Gemini missions trying to accomplish?
They were practicing docking missions
What were the Apollo missions trying to accomplish?
They were trying to get the first man on the Moon
What are the 4 ways Earth is moving?
Rotation, Revolution, Milky Way spinning, Milky going away from center of the universe
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