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World War II
11.7.1 to 11.7.8
Terms in this set (46)
How did the United States respond
to the rise of militarists and dictators
in Japan, Germany, and Italy before
It tried to remain isolated from
The cash-and-carry system of 1939
allowed the United States to
sell war materials to allies as long as
they paid cash and transported the
By 1941, the United States was in
an undeclared war with Germany
the Navy was authorized to shoot at
At the time of the attack on Pearl
Harbor in 1941, the United States
were involved in peace talks
concerning conflicts in Asia.
Which of these events was the most
immediate cause of Japan's attack on
The United States cut off oil sales to
In 1940, the United States decided it
would provide "all aid short of war"
to allies after
Germany took France and attacked
The first priority of the Allies, once
the United States entered World War
II, was winning the war in
What was the immediate result of the
invasion of Normandy?
Paris and all of France were liberated
from Germany within a few months.
Why was the Battle of the Bulge
important to the Allied strategy?
It marked the last significant attack
by the Germans against the Allies.
The Battle of Midway was a turning
point in the war in the Pacific
heavy Japanese losses allowed the
Allies to begin retaking Pacific islands.
The battle of Okinawa affected Allied
plans for the war by
making the Allies consider the
potential cost of an invasion of Japan.
The Battle of the Bulge began in 1944
Germany successfully penetrated into
Allied territory creating a "bulge."
Which statement best describes how
Americans felt about serving in the
military during World War II?
Large numbers volunteered in spite of
the hardships they would face.
Combat soldiers in World War II
little communication with loved ones
During World War II, millions
received a Purple Heart, a medal
which signifies that a soldier
was injured or killed in action.
Which statement best describes
integration in the U.S. military
during World War II?
Races were segregated, and minorities
were often kept from combat roles.
African Americans during World
were decorated as skilled pilots and
Thousands of Navajos distinguished
themselves during World War II
by using their language as a code the
Japanese could not break.
How did Roosevelt's foreign policy
before the attack on Pearl Harbor
reflect his ideas about neutrality?
He did everything he could to support
What was the main purpose of
Roosevelt's Four Freedoms speech?
to set out a vision for a world in
which war would be less likely
The Atlantic Charter of August 1941
became the basis for
the United Nations.
How are the Four Freedoms speech
and the Atlantic Charter related?
The Atlantic Charter was built on the
ideas in the Four Freedoms speech.
Roosevelt accepted some of Stalin's
ideas during the Yalta Conference
he needed Stalin's support in the war
against Japan and for the United
After World War II, Roosevelt's
policies continued to influence
Japan. They encouraged Japan to
establish a new democratic
What was the main constitutional
issue raised by the Japanese
internment during World War II?
American citizens were denied due
process of law.
Which best describes the Supreme
Court decision handed down in
Korematsu v. United States (1944)?
It declared the internment of
Japanese Americans to be legal as a
matter of military necessity.
The United States suspended Jewish
immigration around 1939. One reason
there was fear of competition for jobs
during the Depression.
How did African Americans gain
more access to defense industry jobs
during World War II?
Roosevelt signed an order for equal
access after they threatened a large
What did the African-American and
during World War II have in
increased racial hostilities
American women who worked in
defense industries during
World War II performed
the same jobs as men but were paid
Jet planes were first developed for
use during World War II by
Which development in weaponry
changed the world the most after
World War II?
the atomic bomb
How were computer technologies
used during World War II?
in breaking codes
Which result was most likely caused
by the development of DDT during
World War II?
a lower malaria rate in Central
How did industry in the United
States change during World War II?
It became further concentrated in the
How did the United States handle the
need for goods such as shoes, sugar,
and gasoline during World War II?
Scarce goods were rationed.
Why did the U.S. military fear
invading Japan in the summer of
The battles for Iwo Jima and
Okinawa showed that an invasion
would cost many casualties.
Which statement is an argument for
using the atomic bomb?
It was like other weapons of war, just
Which statement is an argument
against using the atomic bomb?
Its power was greater than needed to
defeat the Japanese.
In President Truman's view, the
atomic bomb was
a military weapon that should be
Which statement best describes the
consequences of dropping atomic
bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
by the end of 1945?
There were several thousand
casualties beyond the initial impact.
Based on the graph, what can you
conclude about countries that
received aid under the Marshall
The aid helped Germany rebuild.
What can you conclude from the
graph about the amount of aid
distributed by the Marshall Plan?
Billions of dollars were distributed in
total U.S. aid.
How did the Marshall Plan promote
unity in Europe after World War II?
It required European countries to
work together on a plan for economic
How did assistance to Europe after
World War II help the U.S. economy?
It provided strong markets for U. S.
food and manufactured goods.
Which statement best describes a
political reason for providing aid
through the Marshall Plan?
If a country's economy was strong,
communism was less attractive to
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