s/s topic 8 and 9 vocab
Terms in this set (31)
withdraw formally from membership in a federal union, an alliance, or a political or religious organization.
someone who is running away or escaping
A war between people of the same country.
(v.) to free from slavery; to release or liberate
A law requiring people of a certain age to serve in the military
A place where weapons and ammunition are stored
the crime of betraying one's country
military blockade or bombardment of an enemy town or position in order to force it to surrender
A war that involves the complete mobilization of resources and people, affecting the lives of all citizens in the warring countries, even those remote from the battlefields.
States bordering the North: Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky and Missouri. They were slave states, but did not secede.
type of rule in which the military is in charge and citizens' rights are suspended
Enslaved people who had been freed by the war
rebuilding of the South after the Civil War
13 Amendment (1865)
a pardon to a group of people
Organization run by the army to care for and protect southern Blacks after the Civil War
Southern whites who supported Republican policy through reconstruction
northern whites who moved to the south and served as republican leaders during reconstruction
A person who works fields rented from a landowner and pays the rent and repays loans by turning over to the landowner a share of the crops.
Ku Klux Klan
A secret society created by white southerners in 1866 that used terror and violence to keep African Americans from obtaining their civil rights.
Laws denying most legal rights to newly freed slaves; passed by southern states following the Civil War
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
To accuse government officials of misconduct in office
15 Amendment (1870)
right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
Political party that favored harsh punishment of Southern states after civil war
A requirement that citizens pay a tax in order to register to vote
a requirement that citizens show that they can read before registering to vote
allowed people to vote if their father or grandfather had voted before Reconstruction
Separation of people based on racial, ethnic, or other differences
Jim Crow Laws
Laws designed to enforce segregation of blacks from whites
compromise of 1877
Ended Reconstruction. Republicans promise 1) Remove military from South, 2) Appoint Democrat to cabinet (David Key postmaster general), 3) Federal money for railroad construction and levees on Mississippi river