HUS2500 Ethics Exam 1 (Cohen)
Terms in this set (33)
Can codes of ethics and laws always settle your moral problems?
No, sometimes there are situations where years of experience are just needed to make the best judgement.
What is the relationship between what is legal and what is ethical?
It is sometimes at odds with each because what is legal may not be ethical and what is ethical may not be legal. It is one thing to practice within the limits of law and another to be an excellent therapist. The former is a necessary condition for the latter, but not a sufficient condition.
What are counseling virtues and how does one develop them?
They are the basic building blocks of client trust which is essential for client progress. One develops them from practice and effort over the years.
Know how to define or describe each of the counseling virtues discussed.
What is unconditional positive regard?
an attitude of total acceptance toward another person
As discussed in the case of Dawn Delmar in chapter 2, what things did Hilda do to build trust in her client?
She rescheduled visits when her client was a no-show. She spent two weeks driving around looking for her new address despite time or inconvenience. She provided equitable services to dawn despite not getting reimbursed for some of her visits or the overtime she dedicated to find her client. All her counseling is rendered competently and diligently.
What virtue did Hilda demonstrate in attempting to locate her client?
She demonstrated benevolence.
In the case of Harold in chapter 2, what things does Selmon Moralis do to build trust in his client?
He discussed historical feelings first instead of current feelings. To assuage his clients fear of being discovered in a counseling setting, he made him the last client of the day when possible. He reiterated the codes of ethics and state laws that protect client confidentiality with certain specific exceptions. He persevered in helping his client meet his goals. He is flexible in changing appointment times.
Doing good or causing good to be done; kindly action
duty to do no harm
Respect the rights and dignity of individuals
Provide equitable or fair counseling services
Be with and there for for clients.
Beneficence: Client Welfare
Do what is in the client's best interest.
Beneficence: Social Welfare
Act to maximize the good of society.
Nonmaleficence: Client Nonmaleficence
Do not needlessly or carelessly cause or permit harm to clients
Nonmaleficence: Counselor Nonmaleficence
Avoid serious harm to self
Nonmaleficence: Third Party Nonmaleficence
Do not cause or permit needless or preventable harm to others.
Autonomy: Client Autonomy
Treat clients as self-determining agents
Autonomy: Counselor Autonomy
Treat oneself as a self-determining agent
Autonomy: Third Party Autonomy
Treat non-clients as self-determining agents.
What are the basic counselor responsibilities?
Client nonmaleficence and Justice
What are the primary counselor responsibilities?
Client Welfare and Autonomy
What is the definition of client best interest (see chapter 3)?
therapists are to do what maximizes the client's overall or net positive welfare aka what is in the client's best interest.
What is the purpose of standards of ethics?
So one can become a virtuous therapist, one must follow morally appropriate ways and do the morally right thing. To do this, they can benefit from having a set of standards that help guide them in making ethical decisions.
Know the steps of the decision-making process in the respective order.
Step 1: Define the Moral Problem
Step 2: Collect Relevant Information
Step 3: Conduct an Ethical Analysis
Step 4: Make a Decision
Step 5: Act on the Decision
How do you define a moral problem?
A moral problem is a kind of practical problem. The way we answer them has moral significance. This is because when you answer it, it can affect the welfare of a moral stakeholder such as your client.
What are morally relevant facts?
They are facts that are relevant to the welfare and/or interests identified at being at stake
Sissela Bok's view on how to determine if a moral judgment is justified
A moral problem can not be hidden and must be presented to the public. It must be subjected to ethical evaluation and public inspection as this is a necessary part of justifying it or defending a moral judgement such as weighing the alternatives.
Must you always do what's in your client's best interest? What if the client does not want to do what's in his or her best interest?
No. You must go through the decision making process in order to come to the most morally right and best choice to make.
What forms of faulty thinking could destroy your ability to make rational ethical decisions?
Damnation of Self or Others
Low Frustration Tolerance
Does a reasonable ethical decision always feel good and have a happy ending?
No, because sometimes the situation may end with someone being hurt but the result ended up being in the best interest for those involved overall.
How do you conduct an ethical analysis? What resources would you use? For example, would you use ethical standards? What about codes of ethics?
You conduct it by inspecting the possible ways to address the moral problem. You would use ethical standards, legal standards such as statutes and case law, and self-inventories. Many of these rules tend to be in the codes of ethics.