9th HUSH 2nd Semester Final - 60s and Civil Rights
Terms in this set (35)
Alliance for Progress
a program in which the United States tried to help Latin American countries overcome poverty and other problems
Bay of Pigs
Failed CIA operation in April 1961 to overthrow Castro and take over Cuba using Cuban exiles. When JFK withdrew air support at the last second to keep US involvement secret, the mission failed.
The Soviet controlled East Germany installed this to keep East Germans who were unsatisfied with the communist oppressive East German government from travelling over to the capitalist West Germany.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
This act made racial, religious, and sex discrimination by employers illegal and gave the government the power to enforce all laws governing civil rights, including desegregation of schools and public places.
In 1964, when blacks and whites together challenged segregation and led a massive drive to register blacks to vote.
The Great Society
a domestic program in the administration of President Lyndon B. Johnson that instituted federally sponsored social welfare programs like Medicare, Medicaid, educational reform, and civil rights legislation.
The campaign program advocated by JFK in the 1960 election. He promised to revitalize the stagnant economy and enact reform legislation in education, health care, and civil rights.
Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee, college kids participate in Civil Rights, stage sit-ins and such
The War on Poverty
President Lyndon B. Johnson's program in the 1960's to provide greater social services for the poor and elderly
35th President of the United States, didn't believe in segregation; president during the Cuban Missile Crisis, won because of televised debates.
(JFK) , volunteers who help third world nations and prevent the spread of communism by getting rid of poverty, Africa, Asia, and Latin America
committee that investigated the assassination of President Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
signed the civil rights act of 1964 into law and the voting rights act of 1965. he had a war on poverty in his agenda. in an attempt to win, he set a few goals, including the great society, the economic opportunity act, and other programs that provided food stamps and welfare to needy families. he also created a department of housing and urban development. his most important legislation was probably medicare and medicaid.
provided health insurance for old peeps (care= take CARE of grandma)
provided healthcare for poor people (they didn't have airpods) (aid= economic AID for poor peeps)
Brown v. Board of Education
1954 - The Supreme Court overruled Plessy v. Ferguson, declared that racially segregated facilities are inherently unequal and ordered all public schools desegregated.
Secretary of NAACP, marked the start of the civil rights movement in the 60's when she sparked Montgomery Bus Boycott bc she wouldn't give up her bus seat.
United States charismatic civil rights leader and Baptist minister who campaigned against the segregation of African Americans
Southern Christian Leadership Conference, churches link together to inform blacks about changes in the Civil Rights Movement, led by MLK Jr., was a success
nonviolent protests in which a person sits and refuses to leave
one of the civil rights activists who rode buses through the South in the early 1960s to challenge segregation on buses
Voting Rights Act of 1965
1965; invalidated the use of any test or device to deny the vote and authorized federal examiners to register voters in states that had disenfranchised blacks; more blacks became politically active
head of the SNCC making a separatist philosophy of black power as the official objective of the organization
A slogan used to reflect solidarity and racial consciousness, used by Malcolm X. It meant that equality could not be given, but had to be seized by a powerful, organized Black community.
A black political organization that was against peaceful protest and for violence if needed. The organization marked a shift in policy of the black movement, favoring militant ideals rather than peaceful protest.
Little Rock Nine
1957 - Governor Faubus sent the Arkansas National Guard to prevent nine Black students from entering Little Rock Central High School. Eisenhower sent in U.S. paratroopers to ensure the students could attend class.
March on Washington
held in 1963 to show support for the Civil Rights Bill in Congress. Martin Luther King gave his famous "I have a dream..." speech. 250,000 people attended the rally.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
In 1955, after Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a city bus, Dr. Martin L. King led a boycott of city buses. After 11 months the Supreme Court ruled that segregation of public transportation was illegal.
Interracial organization founded in 1909 to abolish segregation and discrimination and to achieve political and civil rights for African Americans. (National Association for the Advancement for Colored People)
James Earl Ray
convicted of killing Martin Luther King Jr. in 1968 and sentenced to 99 years in jail
de facto segregation
Segregation resulting from economic or social conditions or personal choice.
de jure segregation
segregation by law
tears of joy
go towards the light of my juul