Chapter 13 Sections 3-4
Terms in this set (20)
Only in the Roman Catholic Church. It was a pardon for the sins that a person committed in their lifetime. The church thought it would lessen the time souls spent in purgatory. By the late 1400s, you could by them with money.
A German monk and theology professor. He was prompted to take action in Wittenberg after the church grew more unholy.
A city in Germany. Johann Tetzel set up a pulpit there to offer indulgences. It was also here that Luther wrote the 95 Theses against indulgences.
The HRE Emperor. He summoned Luther to a diet in the city of Worms. He also declared Luther an outlaw after he disobeyed his orders.
"A day for meeting" in Latin. It was an assembly for German princes in this time period. Luther was sent to one in Worms by Charles V.
A Swiss church reformer. He was a priest, lawyer, and author of a book explaining how to organize and run a Protestant church. He shared many ideas with Luther.
God determined long ago who was determined to gain salvation in the afterlife. Calvin preached this idea.
Swiss city-state. The Protestants here asked Calvin to be in charge which established a theocracy.
A government run and controlled by church officials. Calvin ran one in Geneva.
Religious groups that separated themselves from an established church. Many of these people believed in Luther, Calvin, and Zwingli's teachings.
The King of England that severed ties with the Catholic Church. He at first sided with the church, but went against it after the Pope refused to give him an annulment.
Henry VIII And Catherine of Aragon's only surviving child. She was the Queen of England right before Elizabeth,
The first archbishop of the new English church. He was appointed after Henry VIII decided to split ways with the Catholic Church. He was the man that finally annulled Henry's marriage to Catherine of Aragon.
Anne Boleyn and Henry VIII's daughter. She was born shortly after Anne and Henry got married. She grew up in isolation, but rose up and eventually became the queen at 25. She was well loved by the people.
Being recognized as a saint within the Catholic Church. This happed to More posthumously.
Council of Trent
The group that decided what direction reform should take. They were called upon by the Pope. This group reformed the Catholic views Protestants disagreed with to better compromise.
The founder of the Society of Jesus (jesuits). He was a Spanish knight who vowed to be a "soldier of God".
Teresa of Avila
She symbolized the renewal of Christian faith. She established her own order of nun after she felt her convent seemed too loose. Church leaders admired he so much that they asked her to reorganize and reform Spanish convents and monasteries.
Separate quarter of the city where the Jews were forced to live. The first was in Venice. The Jews were forced to live here because they did not agree with Christian beliefs.
Acceptable middle ground in an argument. The Queen had to do this so that the Catholics and Protestants would get along.