APUSH Chapter 30 Quiz Study Guide
Terms in this set (27)
American Indian Movement (AIM)
Group of MILITANT indians who fought for civil rights, they did thing such as taking over wounded knee, created radical changes in the government, earned legal rights and protecions
wrote The Feminine Mystique credited with starting the second wave of woman's liberation movement, question domestic fulfillment, founded NOW.
The US bombed this country because of the Ho Shi Min trails, it absolutely demolished the country, communism rose to power.
1927-1993. Farm worker, labor leader, and civil-rights activist who helped form the National Farm Workers Association, later the United Farm Workers.
Cuban Missile Crisis
The 1962 confrontation bewteen US and the Soviet Union over Soviet missiles in Cuba. 13 days of tension, established a hotline for the US and Soviet Union to make sure something like this didn't happen again
A policy of reducing Cold War tensions that was adopted by the United States during the presidency of Richard Nixon. (Refers to this time period)
Equal Rights Amendment
constitutional amendment passed by Congress but never ratified that would have banned discrimination on the basis of gender
Escobedo v. Illinois
1964--Ruled that a defendant must be allowed access to a lawyer before questioning by police.
Family Assistance Plan
a welfare reform proposal, approved by the House of Reps in 1970 but defeated in the Senate, that would have guaranteed an income to welfare recipients who agreed to undergo job training and to accept work. IT WOUKD HAVE MADE A LEGAL MINIMUM INCOME
The ideas and beliefs of some young people in the 1960s and 1970s who opposed war and encouraged people to love each other.
Free Speech Movement
(Berzerkley 1964) Mario Salvo. Students protested against limits on passing out of literature ---> questioned university & society that created it and this signaled the beginning of numerous campus protests: People's Park protest (Berzerkly 1969) was the longest campus protest
In 1984 she was the first woman to appear on a major-party presidential ticket. She was a congresswoman running for Vice President with Walter Modale.
Gideon v. Wainwright
A person who cannot afford an attorney may have one appointed by the government
Believed in anti-materalism, free use of drugs, they had a casual attitude toward sex and anti-conformity, (1960s) practiced free love and took drugs, flocked to San Francisco- low rent/interracial, they lived in communal "crash pads", smoked marijuana and took LSD, sexual revolution, new counter culture, Protestors who influenced US involvement in Vietnam
Ohio college where an anti-war protest got way out of hand, the Nat'l Guard was called in and killed 3 students (innocent & unarmed,wounded 9) in idiscriminate fire of M-1 rifles
My Lai Massacre
1968, in which American troops had brutally massacred innocent women and children in the village of My Lai, also led to more opposition to the war.
National Organization for Women
Founded in 1966, the National Organization for Women (NOW) called for equal employment opportunity and equal pay for women. NOW also championed the legalization of abortion and passage of an equal rights amendment to the Constitution. Also challenged traditional marriage
Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO)
Federal agency that coordinated many programs of the War on Poverty between 1964 and 1975, part of LBJs great society
1970s; a new right activist that protested the women's rights acts and movements as defying tradition and natural gender division of labor; demonstrated conservative backlash against the 60s
art based on modern popular culture and the mass media, especially as a critical or ironic comment on traditional fine art values.
United States biologist remembered for her opposition to the use of pesticides that were hazardous to wildlife (1907-1964) she wrote Silent Spring!
1962 book by Rachel Carson that started the environmental movement, concerns about pesticides
- New York city - Triggered activist protests among gays and lesbians - police raided gay bar - people fought back - became symbol of oppression of gays, began the gay pride movement
a government policy to bring Native Americans into mainstream society by withdrawing recognition of Native American groups as legal entities
President Richard Nixons strategy for ending U.S involvement in the vietnam war, involving a gradual withdrawl of American troops and replacement of them with South Vietnamese forces
A break-in at the Democratic National Committee offices in the Watergate complex in Washington was carried out under the direction of White House employees. Disclosure of the White House involvement in the break-in and subsequent cover-up forced President Nixon to resign in 1974 to avoid impeachment.
Yom Kippur War
(RN), , This was a war fought by Israel and neighboring Arab nations where the Arabs launched a surprise attack during Yom Kippur. U.S. support for Israel during the war led to OPEC boycotting the U.S., creating an energy crisis.
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