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Hist 271 final
Terms in this set (73)
The creator of containment, who enumerated his fears in the Long Telegram in 1946, was
The Truman Doctrine was implemented in response to communist threats in
Greece and Turkey
When the Berlin blockade started, what was the only way to get food and supplies into the city?
Match these Third World leaders with the proper country
Ho Chi Minh- Vietnam
Jacobo Arbenz Guzman- Guatemala
Mahatma Gandhi- India
In the early years of the Cold War, countries could basically be placed into which of the following categories
The Third World, NATO, and the Warsaw Pact
The US Congress passed this plan in 1948 to help European economies recover from World War II
What nation did Mao Zedong's communists gain control of in 1949?
Beginning on June 25, 1950, this is considered the first armed fighting of the Cold War
The Korean War
Which one of the following was a Soviet spy?
a. Nikita Khrushchev
b. Julius Rosenberg
c. Joseph McCarthy
Match these items:
The World Bank
The World Bank-The Breton Woods System
UAW- 1950's Labor Unions
IMF-The Breton Woods System
CIO- 1950's Labor Unions
Teamsters- 1950's Labor Unions
Name the three major sources of Hispanic immigration to the US in the 1950's
Bracero Program, Cuba, Puerto Rico
The space race began after
Americans learned that the Soviet Union had launched Sputnik
The GI Bill (1944) stimulated the American economy by
subsidizing higher education and financing millions of mortgages
Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg were all associated with
the Beat generation
Which of the following statements characterizes the innovations in housing construction pioneered by William Levitt after World War II?
His company pioneered the application of mass-production techniques to home construction.
Two hundred Sioux, organized by AIM to dramatize their cause, engaged in several gun battles with the FBI for over two months in 1973 at
Malcolm X and the Black Muslims pursued a philosophy that differed dramatically from that of
Martin Luther King Jr.
Who pioneered the sit-in method of civil rights protest that began in Greensboro, North Carolina, in 1960?
Black college students
Which event was an outcome of Rosa Parks's 1955 arrest?
The Montgomery Bus Boycott
What describes the 1955 murder of Emmett Till Mississippi?
Unlike most murders of black men in the South, Till's gained national attention.
In Brown v. Board of Education, the Supreme Court ruled against segregated schools on the grounds that
they denied black children "equal protection of the laws"
Who became the first African American justice on the Supreme Court in the late 1960s?
Furious with the national Democratic Party's endorsement of civil rights goals in its 1948 platform, southern Democrats set up a new party known as
Who was the lesser-known cofounder of the United States Farm Workers, who was a brilliant organizer?
Match the Civil Rights leader with the Civil Rights Organization:
Martin Luther King Jr.
James Farmer- CORE
Ralph Abernathy- SCLC
MLK Jr. -SCLC
Malcolm X- Nation of Islam
Huey Newton-The Black Panthers
Bobby Seale- The Black Panthers
Dolores Huerta- UFW
Name 4 individual cities mentioned in your textbook rocked by riots during the long hot summers of the 1960's
New York City, Watts, Detroit, Newark
Which War on Poverty program provided free nursery schools to prepare disadvantaged preschoolers for kindergarten?
The Immigration Act of 1965
replaced the national quotas system of the 1920s with nondiscriminatory numerical limits
What was the purpose of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution?
To authorize the president to take any action necessary to prevent further aggression in Vietnam
What describes the group known as the Young Americans for Freedom (YAF)?
It was the largest student group in the nation in the 1960s
The presidential candidate most explicitly identified with the issue of segregation in 1968 was
The 1969 Stonewall riot in NYC was a spontaneous protest led by
My Lai became a national issue in the US in 1969 and was
the site of the massacre of nearly five hundred villagers by American soldiers
Which justice led the US Supreme Court as it shifted toward advocacy of civil rights and civil liberties after 1954?
Why did the US Economy suffer from inflation in the mid-1970s?
It was brought on in part by military spending in Vietnam
What characterizes the energy needs and resources that the US faced in the late 1960s and early 1970s?
The US, once the world's leading producer of oil, had become heavily dependent on imported oil
In the years from 1973 and 1975, the oil-exporting nations of OPEC
declared an oil embargo against the US
A nuclear reactor came close to meltdown in 1979 at
Three Mile Island in Pennsylvania
Economic competition from West Germany and Japan led to
Which US Industry was most badly hurt by deindustrialization in the 1970s?
In 1978, California voters began a national trend by enacting a ballot initiative called Proposition 13 that
rolled back property taxes and required future tax measures to pass the legislature with a 2/3 vote
Who masterminded the 1972 break-in at the Democratic National Headquarters in the Watergate complex?
Members of the Committee to Re-elect the President
Which of the following was the cause of President Nixon's downfall?
His obstruction of justice Watergate investigation
Which factor accounted for the demographic growth of the Sunbelt in the 1970s and 1980s?
In the case of Bakke v. Univeristy of California (1978), which of the following issues was under review?
The Supreme Court's decision in Roe v. Wade was based on
the right to privacy
Who was the famous, openly gay supervisor from San Francisco who was assassinated after helping win passage of a gay rights ordinance?
The resurgence of Christian faith in the US during the 1970s and 1980s has been labeled by historians as the
Fourth Great Awakening
Industries that targeted youth culture in the 1950's
Films: The Wild One, Rebel Without a Cause & The Black Board Jungle
The food industry
Music industry: Rock N Roll
Key aspects of Generation Gap
-Rock N Roll replaced traditional swing & jazz as music of Baby Boomers
-Drug use: marijuana & LSD among Baby Boomers escalated
-Baby boomers organized in protest & of Vietnam War
-Spending on Great Society Vietnam War caused massive inflation & high employment
-Middle East oil embargo exacerbated economic downtown caused by deficit spending
-Competition from West German & Japan drastically decreased America's share of world trade
Causes of Stagflation
Main environmental organizations of the 1970s
-The Sierra Club
-The Wilderness Society
-The National Resources
-Cast Soviet ambitions as nothing short of "the domination of Eurasian landmass"
-It proposed a "bold & massive buildup of West's military to surpass that of Soviet World"
-Called for development of a hydrogen bomb thousands of times more powerful than the atomic bomb
--Called for higher taxes to support a massive expansion of conventions military forces
-It militarized American approach to Cold War going beyond economic & political containment
Elements of NSC-68
-Denied access to suburbs by real estate covenants & covert customs & traditions
-Employment discrimination, forced to attend poor schools, subject to mob violence, police harassment
-They could vote, hold office, work in gov't, & were free from segregated public facilities
Covert segregation in North
-We are the only industrialized nation not ravaged by WWII, Pax Americana
-A rapidly expanding internal market & heaving investment in research & development
-large military budget & vigorous military
-increasing wages & benefits & decreasing housing costs
causes of 1950's American Prosperity
-American wartime propaganda attacked racism of Nazis
-Cold War propaganda celebrated equality of citizens in American democracy
-African American middle-class experience robust growth in economic expansion of 1950's
-TV broadcasts made people outside South aware of violent segregation in old Confederacy
-Factors that initiated post-WWII Civil Rights movement
Identify environmental agencies & legislation enacted by federal gov't in the 1970s
-Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
-Clean Air Act
-Endangered Species Act
-African Americans had no political rights, not allowed to work in gov't jobs
-Predominantly live in poverty
-Constant threat of lynching
Overt segregation in South
Civil Rights events in chronological order
1955- Emmett Till
1955- Montgomery Bus Boycott
1957- Little Rock Nine
1961- Freedom Rides
1963- Birmingham Protests
1963- Medgar Evers Assassinated
1963- March on Washington
1963- Birmingham Baptist Church
1964- Freedom Summer
1965- March on Selma
Mendez v. Westminster School Distrct (1947)
Shelley v. Kraemer (1948)
Brown v. Board of Topeka Kansas Board of Education (1954)
Identify Key unions that gained power in 1950's
UAW (United Auto Workers)
-Free Speech Movement
Great Society Initiatives
Major Civil Rights Legislation
-Civil Rights Act (1964): Outlawed segregation & discrimination
-Voting Rights Act (1965): outlawed poll taxes, literacy tests & other disenfranchisement measure
This motivated Eisenhower administration to aid South Vietnamese in their resistance to Ho Chi Minh & Communists after North Vietnamese deafeated French at Dien Bien Phu and ended French control of Indochina
The Domino Theory
Soviet Spies in the US
-Klaus Fuchs & David Greenglass
-Julius & Ethel Rosenberg
A massive bombing campaign against North Vietnam in 1965
Operation Rolling Thunder
-Scheme by politicians and land developers seeking to revitalize declining city centers with modern construction projects that would appeal to the fleeing middle class
-Demolished scores of dilapidated but affordable housing and replaced them with expensive construction and housing projects
Non-African American Civil Rights Organizations
-Japanese American Civil Rights
-Chicano Movement & Mexican American Civil Rights
-American Indian Movement
War on poverty legislation
-Economic Opportunity Act
-Held first "world's first Human Be-In" in Golden Gate park
-Drug use was rampant, STD's proliferated & poverty of dropouts led to a public health crisis among hippies
Haight Ashbury & the Summer of Love
Presidential administration from Truman to Reagan in chronological order
Harry Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, James Carter, Ronald Reagan
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