WHAP Ch 21
Terms in this set (20)
It was disruptive to the established order.
What was the effect of Germany's arrival as a new powerful player on the international scene?
Widespread enthusiasm for war
What was the popular attitude in Europe toward the prospect of war in the summer of 1914?
The war drew in laborers and soldiers from the colonies.
What impact did Europe's colonial empires have on the conduct of World War I?
What term best describes the predominant style of warfare in World War I?
Profound disillusionment with European civilization
What was the reaction of many European intellectuals to the experience of World War I?
The failure of the U.S. Senate to ratify the League
Which of the following seriously weakened Wilson's idea of a League of Nations?
Government interference in market economies
Which of the following was NOT a factor in causing the Great Depression?
The "Axis" nations were united by their opposition to what international movement?
Both democratic rule and communism
Benito Mussolini's fascist movement came to power promising an alternative to what?
Business and labor were to be unified within the state.
What was meant by the term "corporate state," used to describe fascist Italy?
Socialists, Jews, and liberals in Germany had betrayed the nation.
What myth arose in Germany in the 1920s to explain why Germany lost the First World War?
As a Jewish conspiracy to corrupt traditional German values
How did Adolf Hitler and the Nazis view modern urban life?
Science and human perfectibility
Which Enlightenment values did the Nazis draw upon in their ideology?
They believed that the Japanese were more loyal to their ruler than westerners were to their own rulers.
How did Japanese nationalists differentiate Japanese society from Western society?
Aggressive ambition for conquest and empire building
In what way was nationalist Japan most similar to fascist Italy and Nazi Germany?
To gain control of Asia's resources and end Japan's dependence on the West
What was the real reason that the Japanese began invading French, British, Dutch, and American territories in Southeast Asia and the Pacific?
They were regretful, for they knew that they stood only a small chance against the mighty United States, though they saw no other way to maintain power in the Pacific.
Which of the following best describes the attitude of Japanese leaders toward their decision to bomb Pearl Harbor and thus start a war with the United States?
The bombing of Pearl Harbor
Which of the following events of the Second World War is NOT an example of the term "total war"?
It gave communism legitimacy in the Soviet Union and control over half of Europe and much of Asia.
What impact did World War II ultimately have on communism?
Europe saw massive economic growth and widespread prosperity.
What happened to European economies after the United States began its Marshall Plan in 1948?