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Terms in this set (34)
Automatic Private IP Addressing (APIPA)
A networking feature in operating systems that enables DHCP clients to self-configure an IP address and subnet mask automatically when a DHCP server isn't available.
An IP addressing convention that adheres to network class distinctions, in which the first 8 bits of a Class A address, the first 16 bits of a Class B address, and the first 24 bits of a Class C address are used for network information.
IP addressing standards created in 1993 that allow address allocation based on prefix length rather than predefined class ranges
DNS (Domain Name System)
The Internet's system for converting alphabetic names into numeric IP addresses.
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)
A network service that provides automatic
assignment of IP addresses and other TCP /IP configuration information.
FTP (File Transfer Protocol)
A protocol used to move files and folders over a network or the Internet.
A bridge between two networks.
HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
the protocol used for transmitting web pages over the Internet
HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure)
An encrypted version of HTTP. It uses port 443.
IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol)
a common protocol for retrieving email messages via the Internet
IPSec (Internet Protocol Security)
A set of open, non-proprietary standards that you can use to secure data as it travels across the network or the Internet through data authentication and encryption.
The Internet Protocol version 4 is the dominant protocol for routing traffic on the Internet, specifying "to" and "from" addresses using a dotted decimal such as "184.108.40.206".
IPv6 (Internet Protocol version 6)
Protocol in which
addresses consist of eight sets of four hexadecimal numbers,
each number being a value between 0000 and FFFF, using
a colon to separate the numbers. Here's an example:
LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol)
A communications protocol that defines how a client can access information, perform operations, and share directory data on a server.
An IP address that indicates your own computer and is used to test TCP/IP configuration on the computer.
Network Address Translation (NAT)
A technique that allows private IP addresses to be used on the public Internet.
Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model
a seven-layer architecture for defining how data is transmitted from computer to computer in a network, from the physical connection to the network to the applications that users run. It also standardizes interactions between network computers exchanging information.
Post Office Protocol version 3 (POP3)
A protocol for retrieving e-mail messages from an e-mail server.
A set of rules governing the exchange or transmission of data between devices.
RDP (Remote Desktop Protocol)
The protocol used by Microsoft's Terminal Set.vices implementations.
Sets of addresses reserved by the IETF and IANA for specific purposes such as private, experimental, and multicast addressing
SFTP (Secure File Transfer Protocol)
A protocol available with the proprietary version of SSH that copies files between hosts securely. Like FTP, SFTP first establishes a connection with a host and then allows a remote user to browse directories, list files, and copy files. Unlike FTP, SFTP encrypts data before transmitting it.
Secure Shell (SSH)
A Linux/UNIX-based command interface and protocol for securely accessing a remote computer.
Server Message Block (SMB)
A protocol used by Windows to share files and printers on a network.
include specific features of a cell phone plan beyond voice communication, such as text messaging, high-speed Internet, and streamed media
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol)
A communications protocol that enables sending email from a client to a server or between servers.
SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol)
An Application-layer protocol used to exchange information between network devices.
An IP address that is manually assigned to a device and remains constant until it is manually changed.
The value used in TCP/IP settings to divide the IP address of a host into its component parts: network ID and host ID.
subnetting (subnet addressing)
A technique that uses IP addresses to divide a network into network, subnet, and host.
A four-layer data communication model
developed by the United States Department of Defense. To some extent, it is similar to the OSI model.
a network protocol that allows a user on one computer to log into another computer that is part of the same network.
TCP (Transmission Control Protocol)
A connection-oriented, guaranteed-delivery
protocol used to send data packets between computers over a network like the Internet.
UDP (User Datagram Protocol)
Protocol that operates instead of TCP in applications where delivery speed is important and quality can be sacrificed.
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