Upgrade to remove ads
PCK Humanities Unit 6
Terms in this set (53)
an act or means of sealing off a place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving
A belief that ultimate power resides in the people
Plessy vs Ferguson
a case that was brought to supreme court by black lawsuits to challenge the legality of segregation. The court ruled that segregation was legal as long as it was "equal"
Where Lee surrendered to Grant in 1865
Dred Scott Decision
A Missouri slave sued for his freedom, claiming that his four year stay in the northern portion of the Louisiana Territory made free land by the Missouri Compromise had made him a free man. The U.S, Supreme Court decided he couldn't sue in federal court because he was property, not a citizen.
Federal fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina; the confederate attack on the fort marked the start of the Civil War
Southern Fighters' name given by the northerners
Northern Fighters' name given by the southerners
Illinois Senator, debated Lincoln, Democrat, popular sovereignty, Kansas-Nebraska Act
To set free
Abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia (1800-1858)
Stands for Ku Klux Klan and started right after the Civil War in 1866. The Southern establishment took charge by passing discriminatory laws known as the black codes. Gives whites almost unlimited power. They masked themselves and burned black churches, schools, and terrorized black people. They are anti-black and anti-Semitic.
to choose not to do something
To leave or withdraw
To accuse government officials of misconduct in office; To bring charges of serious wrongdoing against a public official
Loyalty to a region
Separation of people based on racial, ethnic, or other differences
Ulysses S Grant
Union general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869-1877). He achieved international fame as the leading Union general in the American Civil War.
16th President of the United States saved the Union during the Civil War and emancipated the slaves; was assassinated by Booth (1809-1865)
Robert E Lee
Confederate general who had opposed secession but did not believe the Union should be held together by force
War between North and South 1861-1865; bloodiest conflict on American soil
ships that passed through a blockade with supplies
Time of reform in the South after the Civil War proposed by Abraham Lincoln
17th President of the United State; V.P. when Lincoln was killed, he became president. He opposed radical Republicans who passed Reconstruction Acts over his veto. The first U.S. president to be impeached, he survived the Senate removal by only one vote.
Speech given by Abraham Lincoln in the aftermath of the battle of Gettysburg; "Four score and seven years ago"
Decree ordered by Lincoln freeing all slaves in southern states; didn't actually free any slaves because Lincoln had no authority in the southern states; used to encourage slaves to move north
Compromise of 1850
CA admitted as a free state, increased fugitive slave laws, slave trade banned in Washington DC; popular sovereignty in most other states from Mexican- American War
Fugitive Slave Act of 1850
allowed government officials to arrest any person accused of being a runaway slave; northerners required to help capture runaways if requested, suspects had no right to trial
Sherman's March to the Sea ended here
Seven debates between Lincoln and Douglass before election of 1860 - mostly over issues of slavery
1854 - Created Nebraska and Kansas as states and gave the people in those territories the right to chose to be a free or slave state through popular sovereignty.
Freed all slaves in the United States
1) Citizenship for African Americans
2) Repeal of 3/5 Compromise
3) Denial of former confederate officials from holding national or state office
4) Repudiate (reject) confederate debts
Citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color , or precious condition of servitude
Reconstruction strategy that was based on severely punishing South for causing war (senate)
poll taxes and literacy tests
used to keep African Americans from voting in any elections
What quality of General McClellan (and other Union generals) may have hurt the Union?
Merrimack vs Monitor
Most famous naval battle of the civil war. These were two ironclads that fought to a draw on March 1862. This battle marked the end of wooden war ships.
Who won the 1st Battle of Bull Run
Confederates; this battle is where 'Stonewall' Jackson got his nickname
Focus was to provide food, medical care, administer justice, manage abandoned and confiscated property, regulate labor and establish schools - aid to former slaves
John Wilkes Booth a famous actor, walked into the theater and shot, killed Lincoln in the back of the head at Ford's Theater on April 14th.
Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware; These states were important because if any of them seceded, it would sway the tides toward the South. Maryland was especially important because it contained the Union Capital, Washington D.C.
Job women took during the Civil War
John Wilkes Booth
Assassinated Abraham Lincoln
1st state to secede from the Union
Separate but equal
Principle upheld in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) in which the Supreme Court ruled that segregation of public facilities was legal.
Why were border states important to the Union?
- Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware
- Losing these states would damage the Union because of their locations.
- DC was within Maryland
- They all had necessary resources
Why was the Civil War so devastating?
- One of the most devastating wars in US History
- All of the casualties were US
- Fighting against themselves
What problems did the South face after the war?
- (The majority of fighting took place in the south)
- Towns and cities, plantations destroyed
- More than 258 thousand Confederate soldiers died. Thousands more were injured
- Many families didn't have men to help rebuild the South
What role did Freedmens Bureau play in reconstruction?
- A part of the government set up to help freed African Americans in the US
- Helped African Americans
- Find jobs
- Get homes
- Get educations
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
APUSH Unit 5 Terms
McDonough Chapter 5
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Unit 3 us history test
The Odyssey terms
Review u.s. history quiz