Chapter 11 Study Guide "The Reconstruction Of The South"

Explain the two different philosophies about how the south should be treated when returning to the Union.
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Terms in this set (15)
1). Friedman's Bureau- Was formed in 1865 to provide education, medical care and other aid to blacks and poor whites.
2). Civil Rights Act Of 1865- Was passed to protect the blacks citizenship rights.
3). The 14th Amendment- All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
4). The 15th Amendment- The right to vote may not be denied due to race or color.
5). Tenure Of Office Act- It said the President could not remove any cabinet members without their consent.
Who won the election of 1868? Why? What political move did he make to insure his future victories?Ulysses S. Grant. He won by a landslide thanks to the Black Vote. He had the 15th Amendment made.Define Scalawags, Carpetbaggers, Ku Klux Klan, Amnesty Act Of 1872, Segregation, Sharecropper.1). Scalawags- "Those southerners that resented these new governments called white southerners who cooperated with these governments Scalawags. 2). Carpetbaggers- They were loyal to the Union during the war. 3). Ku Klux Klan- They were a secret society, they wore white robes, they had also despised blacks, and every time someone would go to the sheriff it had turned out that sometimes he was involved. 4). Amnesty Act Of 1872- It restored the right to vote and had office to most southern former confederates. Now southern whites had a greater voting strength. 5). Segregation- The separation of races. 6). Sharecropper- Instead Of selling their land some planters rented it to poor whites or blacks.Who won the election of 1876?Rutherford B. Hayes.What did the railroad allow southern farmers to start doing?Thanks to new railroads farmers could ship crops faster. Now besides cotton they could raise fruits and vegetables and get them to market before they spoiled. Florida farmers grew oranges while Georgia farmers grew peaches.What became the the steel capital of the south?Birmingham, Alabama.