2nd Semester Exam Review
Terms in this set (25)
Jim Crow Laws
Southern laws designed to enforce segregation of blacks from whites
A total ban on the manufacture, sale and transportation of liquor throughout the United States. It led to the growth of organized crime because bootleggers managed to profit off the contraband.
As a result of Henry Ford's assembly line the demand for this product increased and stimulated economic growth in related industries.
1925 trial of a Tennessee schoolteacher for teaching Darwin's theory of evolution. It led to nationwide debate between evolution and Christianity.
American president that ordered the use of two atomic bombs over Japan during WWII because military advisers predicted the death of 1 million American soldiers with a land invasion of Japan.
1929 Stock market Crash
As a result of this event in 1929, investors lost confidence in the economy and rushed to shell their shares.
Henry Ford used this invention to reduce the sale price of the Model T.
Young women of the 1920s that behaved and dressed in a radical fashion
The New Deal
President Franklin D. Roosevelt's program to recover the economy during the Great Depression. It called for relief, recovery, and reform.
Name given to the U.S. and Soviet Union after World War II because we were the two strongest countries in the world.
a military alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries.
A military alliance between the Soviet Union and other Eastern European nations. This was in response to the creation of NATO.
Rosie the Riveter
A propaganda character designed to increase production of female workers in the factories. It became a rallying symbol for women to do their part.
Started in 1950 when North Korea crossed the 38th parallel line invading South Korea.
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.
movement of over 300,000 African American from the rural south into Northern cities for better economic opportunities and to escape racial discrimination.
ten witnesses from the film industry who refused to cooperate with the HUAC's investigation of Communist influence in Hollywood.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
In 1955, after Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a city bus, Dr. Martin L. King led a boycott of city busses.
March on Washington
This event was held in 1963 to show support for the Civil Rights Bill in Congress. Martin Luther King gave his famous "I have a dream..." speech. 250,000 people attended the rally
a militant African-American political organization formed in 1966 by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale to fight police brutality and to provide services in the ghetto.
Little Rock Nine
1957 - Governor Faubus sent the Arkansas National Guard to prevent nine Black students from entering Central High School. Eisenhower sent in U.S. paratroopers to ensure the students could attend class.
Brown v. Board of Education
1954 - The Supreme Court overruled Plessy v. Ferguson, declared that racially segregated facilities are inherently unequal and ordered all public schools desegregated.
Gave women the right to vote
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
15th Amendment (1870)
Prohibited voting restrictions based on race, color, or previous condition of servitude (slavery).