Rome Exam Review #2
Sermons- all quizzes combined as a study guide(If you know the answer to question marks feel free to let me know:)
Terms in this set (52)
What present day country is Rome located in?
Etruscans, Latins, and Greeks
3 people who immigrated and contributed to the founding of Rome.
Name the river on which Rome was built.
What mountain range is the Northern most boundary of the peninsula on which Rome is located?
Body of water that the river near Rome flows into.
Alps-harder for invasions, Sea-allows for trade, Sea-produce
List and explain three advantages Livy says Rome's location gave them.
Trade born at sea; commerce or economy relied on sea
Enemy of Ships
"The Aeneid" by Virgil
Name the book and author of the myth which contributes to the founding of Rome to refugees from Troy.
Romulus and Remus
Name the two brothers who are the lead characters in the other version of the myth
753 BCE, Mediterranean Sea, and Italy
List 3 common elements between Myth and History of Rome.
What quote explains the fact that Rome took about 150 years to develop from a series of wooden huts on a hill to a major city?
Rhea Silvia was a vestal virgin(virgin/nun that works for the church) the mom of Romulus and Remus the founders of Rome.
What is a Vestal Virgin? How are they linked to Rome?
Mars(God of War)
What God is linked to the founding of Rome?
Major General with Elephants
Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia
List of Islands they fought over in Punic Wars
Roman Republic greatly expanded and Carthage destroyed sold in slavery
Two Major results of the punic war
victorious general in third punic war
Time limit for dictator in Rome
Dictator in 82 BCE whose rule led to the term Fascist
leader of a massive slave revolt led to anarchy
Marcus Crassus, Julius Caesar, Pompey
3 in triumvirate
river caesar in his invasion of Rome
country caesar conquered and made himself governor of
Voluntarily gives up rights in time of war for blind patriotism and to feel safe
Ids of March
nickname for the day of Caesar's Assassination
civil war, and Octavian rules
two results of the assassination of Julius Caesar
-formed first triumvirate(Marcus Crassus/Pompey, Julius Caesar
-Named Augustus Caesar his sucessor
-crossed Rubicon River to reach Rome
-member of consul
-became a dictator
-assassinated on the Ids of March
-after defeating Pompeius(pompey's son)the second triumvirate fell apart
-became ruler 27BCE
-19BCE given supreme power
-started the Pax Romana
-14Ce end of rule(death)
Name of 200 year period of peace beginning about 14 BCE
Emperor whose 40 year reign begins this period
"The Prince" by Machiavelli
Term "five good emperors" was coined by whom in what book?
Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelius
Name the Five Good Emperors
Who is considered the greatest emperor?
2 reasons why Trajan was a good ruler
rules or outlines for the government
What was the purpose of Hadrian's wall?
Britian and Scottland
Where was the wall?
Don't Ask Don't tell
where the current leader "adopt" the next ruler
Marcus Aurelius's work of Stoic philosophy book
destructive emotions resulted from errors in judgement
4 or 5 century
what century did the 1st real crisis that led to the fall of Rome begin
disease killed 5 million Romans including Emperor Aurelius
3 causes for the FALL
What emperor converted to Christianity?
depression,conflicts w/in classes, and diseases
higher taxes,rising conflicts in political issues,corruption
Barbarian attacks, unloyal soldiers, civil war
Germanic Warlord King of Italy
Huns, Visagoths, Franks
Groups of Barbarians