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22 terms

Adverse Drug Reactions

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Digoxin
a cardiotonic that can cause you to see halos around lights, do not take with antacids, keep potassium levels high to prevent toxicity
ticlopidine
an antiplatelet drug that must be used cautiosly on pancytopenic patients, causes nausea, dyspepsia and diarhea
nitroglycerin
an antianginal and vasodilator not to be used on patients taking viagra, must use an applicator for topical applications to avoid accidental self medicating which may result in headaches.
cilostazol
an antiplatelet drug that must be used cautiosly in pats with pancytopenia, can cause palpitations, dizziness, diarrhea, headache, rhinits, bleeding
propranolol
an antihypertensive beta blocker that can cause visual disturbances and ischemic colitis
epoietan alfa
an antianemic, can cause hypertension, headache, n/v, fatigue, rash at injection site.
streptase
a thrombolytic that can cause major and minor bleeding. Aspirin, dipyridamole or other anticoagulants will increase risk of bleeding.
diltiazem
an antihypertensive that can cause corneal deposits
cholestyramine
an antihyperlipidemic that should not be taken with other drugs as it may decrease absorption, contraindicated in pts with complete biliary obstruction.
colesevelam
an antihyperlipidemic that causes constipation, abdominal cramping, n/v, increased bleeding related to vit k malabsorption and vit a and d deficiency.
ezetimbe
an antihyperlipidemic that causes abdominal pain, back pain, dizziness, coughing and arthralgia
warfarin
an anticoagulant in oral form that causes bleeding, fatigue, dizziness, abdominal cramping. Antagonist: Vit K. Monitor PT/INR.
heparin
an anticoagulent that causes bleeding, chills, fever, urticaria, local irritation, erythema, mild pain, hematoma. Antagonist-Protamine Sulfate. Monitor PTT.
Clofibrate
an antihyperlipidemic that causes n/v/d, abdominal pain. Contraindicated in pts with complete biliary obstruction. It is a fibrate.
Niacor
an antihyperlipidemic that causes tingling, itching, flushing. Use caution in pats with renal dysfunction, alcoholism and unstable angina. Pain in area of the liver is a sign of problems--monitor liver function tests.
gemfibrozol
an antihyperlipidemic that causes abdominal pain, n/v/d, dyspepsia, fatigue. Interacts with HMG/CoA increases risk of rhabdomyolisis. Also carries added risk of gallstones.
clonidine
an antihypertensive that causes dry mouth due to reduced secreations--increase fluids or suck on hard candy to reduce symptons.
losartan
an Angiotensin II that causes dizziness, upper respiratory infections sympton and cough.
verapamil
an antihypertensive vasodilator that can be administered by opening the capsules and sprinkling the drug over food.
furosomide
a loop diuretic, may interact with digitalis and cause arrhythmias. monitor for hearing loss and potassium levels.
spironolactone
a potassium sparing diureticthat may cause tingling or numbness, hyperkalemia, erectile dysfuntion, gynecomastia, possible hearing loss. Antagonizes aldosterone, making sodium and water be excreted but not potassium.
diuril
a diuretic thiazide that may cause an electrolyte imbalance, reduced libido, hyperglycemia