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Chapter 9 - Language diversity (pp. 263-288)

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Language difference vs. language disorder
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Terms in this set (57)
1) Language difference is a general term used to describe the normal variability among children in their language development
2) Language disorders refers to instances in which children experience significant difficulties in the development of language
3) In this chapter, we will explore the concept of language difference or diversity in more detail
-People learn about language through their culture (e.g., pragmatics such as interaction styles and speech registers) and about their culture through language (e.g., vocabulary to describe culturally specific phenomena)
-Americans have borrowed words and phrases from many world cultures
-In Western cultures, adults speak directly to infants from birth using infant-directed speech (I D S) [p. 265, 9.1]
-This is not the case in all world cultures
-Athapaskan adults expect their children to repeat the adults' language without comprehension
-Athapaskan adults provide a situational and culturally appropriate translation to familiarize children with conventional context-specific responses
-Adults from African American, Samoan, and Kaluli cultures usually ignore unintelligible child speech