P.H.E.- Basketball Test
Terms in this set (57)
How many players from both teams are on the court
5 players each
What is the object of the game?
to make a goal and score points
How tall is each goal?
10 feet from rim to floor
How must the ball be moved down the court?
by dribbling or passing while staying in bounds
How much time does the offensive team have to get the ball down to the opposing teams half of the court?
What happens if the offensive team doesn't get the ball to the opposing teams half in time?
a turnover is made
What happens to the offensive team once the ball has crossed half court?
They can not take the ball back over the half court line
How long does a women's game of basketball last?
32 minutes consisting of 8-minute quarters.
When the ball goes in the basket
2 point field goal
When a basket is made from a shot inside in 3 point arc
3 point field goal
When a basketball is made from a shot outside the 3 point arc
1 point shot attempt made from the Free Throw line that is unguarded with a stopped clock
bouncing the ball from fingertips to floor while moving the ball down court with one hand on the ball
A bounce or chest pass in used to move the ball around the court
throwing the ball to make it in the defending teams basket
Rotating on one foot while stepping with the other. Only 1 foot can be the pivot foot
Recovering the ball after a shot attempt that has been missed
Occurs during a rebounding opportunity by placing one's body in front of an opposing players to get in position to rebound the ball
occurs when illegal physical contact is made
What happens if a foul occurs during the opposing players shot?
A free throw is awarded
When a foul occurs, what happens when the player makes the first free throw?
that player gets another free throw opportunity
Hitting, pushing, slapping, holding, and illegal pick/screen
One and One
After the opposing team records 7 fouls, each foul is awarded with a free throw attempt. if the first attempt is made, that player is awarded a second attempt
Once a team has recorded 10 or more fouls, the opposing team gets 2 free throws each time they are fouled in the remainder of half
A player or coach can commit a technical by impeding the "manner" of the game
A broken rule resulting in a turnover to the other team where the ball will be inbounded near the spot of the violation
taking more than 2 steps with the ball without dribbling
Three Second Lane Violation
an offensive player remaining in the key "paint" for longer than 3 seconds at a time
the ball is dribbled with both hands at the same time, or the ball was dribbled, picked up, then dribbled again by the same person
when two or more players are holding the ball at the same time
when the ball is brought across mid court line then taken back behind it by the offensive team
5 seconds to inbound the ball, 5 seconds with ball possession while being guarded. Another violation occurs if the offensive team cannot get the ball to mid court in 10 seconds after inbounding the ball from their defending side of the court
Where and when was basketball invented?
During the school year of 1891-1892 at Springfield College, Springfield MA
Who invented Basketball?
Dr. James A. Naismith
What are the standard positions?
(2) forwards, (2) guards, (1) center
Team or individual patterns or play which are used to get the ball into scoring position
What are the 2 types of offensive attacks?
The slow deliberate attack, and the fast break attack
When each player is assigned a specific person to guard/play defense on
Man to man
Defense players are assigned a specific area to guard
How long are timeouts?
Either 1 minute or 30 seconds in length and can be requested during a dead ball or anytime by the team in possession of the ball
How much time between quarters and halves
1 minute between quarters and 10 minutes between each half
How much time does a player have to inbound the ball?
What kind of time is used in P.E.?
Running time- the clock doesn't stop on dead balls
How long/wide is a high school basketball court?
84 ft. long and 50 ft. wide
How wide is the lane (paint)?
12 ft. wide
What is the length of a free throw?
How is the game started?
A jump ball in the center circle between 2 opponents
The ball is caused to go out of bounds by the last player touching it before it goes out of bounds. What happens with the ball next?
The ball would be rewarded out of bounds for a throw-in by the opposing team
When the ball is alive, how long can an offensive player remain in the free throw lane?
3 seconds (max)
If an offensive ball handler is closely guarded by the defense for 5 seconds, what happens?
A violation is called and the defense is awarded the ball
After the 7th team personal foul in the half, what does the person fouled receive?
A bonus free throw...if you make your first bonus, you get another one. If it is missed, it will be played like a normal missed field goal
After the 10th team personal foul in the half, what does the person fouled receive?
2 free throws, commonly referred to as the super bonus (or double bonus)
The best ball handler's position
Point guard (1)
The best outside shooter on the teams position
Shooting guard (2)
Good at shooting, rebounding, and driving to the basket (position)
Small Forward (3)
Best rebounder, typically a very strong defensive player (position)
Power forward (4)
Typically the biggest player. Stays close to the basket. Good rebounder.
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