Lab Exercise 1: The Language of Anatomy
Terms in this set (121)
Feet slightly apart
Head and toes pointed forward
Arms at sides
Palms facing forward
o To examine large structures by looking at them.
o May use invasive and noninvasive methods.
o Methods: dissection, endoscopy, angiography, x-ray, and MRI.
includes Head, Neck, Trunk, Thoracic, and Abdominal.
includes Upper limb (Arm, Forearm, Wrist, Hand, and Fingers) and the Lower limb (Thigh, Leg, Ankle, Foot, and Toes)
anterior trunk, just below the ribs.
point of shoulder.
anterior surface of elbow
lateral part of leg
area where thigh meets body trunk (groin).
area around the eye
palm (anterior of the hand).
area overlying the pelvis anteriorly.
point of shoulder.
heel of the foot
area between the ribs and hips.
posterior surface of the head.
posterior aspect of the elbow.
the area in front of the anus extending to the fourchette of the vulva in the female and to the scrotum in the male.
Of or relating to the fibula or to the outer portion of the leg.
sole of the foot.
posterior knee area.
a bone located at the base of the spine that consists of five vertebrae.
shoulder blade region
area of spine.
Above a structure
Below a structure
Most forward structures
Most backside of the body
toward the midline
away from the midline
toward the head
toward the tail
nearer the trunk
farther from the trunk
toward the body surface
farther from the body surface
Implies an actual cut or slice to expose internal anatomy.
Implies an imaginary flat surface passing through the body. There are three main planes: Sagittal, frontal, transverse planes are perpendicular to each other.
A vertical plane divides the body into right and left sides.
Median or midsagittal plane
divide the body into equal right and left sides.
divide the body into unequal halves
Frontal or coronal plane
A vertical plane that divides the body or organ into anterior (front) and posterior (back) parts.
Transverse or horizontal plane
A horizontal plane divides the body or organ into superior (upper), and inferior (lower) portions.
When the body is cut horizontally or transversely
Passes through the body or an organ at an angle between the transverse plane and Sagittal or frontal plane.
Dorsal Body Cavity
o Cranial cavity
o Vertebral (spinal) cavity
Ventral Body Cavity
o Thoracic cavity
o Abdominopelvic (peritoneal) cavity
Vertebral (spinal) cavity
contains spinal cord
Pleural cavities (left and right)
contains heart and lungs
dome-shaped sheet of muscle that separates the chest from the abdomen.
Abdominopelvic (peritoneal) cavity
contains digestive viscera
contains urinary bladder, reproductive organs, and rectum
Serosa (serous membrane)
Walls of the ventral body cavity and the outer surfaces of the organs it contains are covered with an thin, double-layered membrane.
Membrane lining the cavity walls
covering the external surface of the organs within the cavity
Visceral and parietal peritoneum
serosa lining the abdominal cavity and covering its organs
Visceral and parietal pleura
serosa lining the lung cavity and covering its organs
Visceral and parietal pericardium
serosa lining the heart cavity and covering its organs
contains teeth and tongue
located within and posterior to the nose, and is part of the passages of the respiratory system
(orbits) in the skull house the eyes and present them in an anterior position
Middle ear cavity
contains tiny bones that transmit sound vibrations to the organ of hearing in the inner ears
joint cavities. secretes a lubricating fluid that reduces friction as the enclosed structures move across one another.
Right upper quadrant
Right lower quadrant
Left upper quadrant
Left lower quadrant
contains small intestine
Hypogastric (pubic) region
contains urinary bladder
left Iliac regions
Left Lumbar regions
contains descending colon of large intestine
right Hypochondriac regions
contains liver and gallbladder
right Iliac regions
contains cecum and appendix
right Lumbar regions
contains ascending colon of large intestine
left Hypochondriac regions
Medial Rotation & Lateral Rotation