Mock Trial Vocabulary
Terms in this set (31)
Someone who, on behalf of the government, brings a criminal case in court against a defendant.
One who brings a civil case against another in a court of law. Can be a person, a company, or the government.
A person against whom a charge is brought in a court of law. Same term used for civil and criminal. This person is defending themself against the charges.
One who is called to testify before a court of law. Someone who has personal knowledge about relevant evidence in the case.
Something that gives proof.
A formal charge or accusation of a serious crime
In criminal action, the defendant is found guilty (in other words, that he she did, in fact, do the crime)
The Jury does this after the case has been presented; they carefully consider all of the evidence and the law in order to come to a decision.
(1) To question a witness for one's side; (2) to question a witness for the opposing side.
Something that happened.
A belief based on what one thinks or feels rather than on the facts.
Not guilty of a crime
Responsible for committing a crime
An official who can conduct hearings and decide on cases in a court of law.
A rule made by a country, state, or town for the people there.
To give an answer for charges in court.
To state something under oath.
The assumption that someone who has been charged with a crime is innocent of that crime until the prosecution proves otherwise.
The standard used by a jury to decide if the prosecution has proven the defendant is guilty. It is a very high standard - must be mostly (not necessarily 100%, but close) sure that the defendant is guilty.
The statement of a witness under oath.
The examination and deciding of a case brought before a court of law.
Type of civil case; a wrongful act leading to civil legal liability. Example, texting driver causing a car accident or doctor committing malpractice.
The decision made by a jury at the end of trial.
Questioning of jury candidates by a judge and attorneys in court to determine if any juror is biased and/or cannot deal with the issues fairly, or if there is other reason not to allow a juror to serve
The attorneys for both sides give statements to the jury at the beginning of the trial.
In a trial, an argument by one side against evidence the other side is trying to present to the jury
In a trial, the judge agrees with an attorney's objection, and therefore the evidence is not allowed.
In a trial, the judge disagrees with (rules against) an objection, and the evidence is allowed.
Attorneys summarize for the jury and the court what they have proven
A group of up to 12 citizens sworn to give a true verdict according to the evidence presented in a court of law
The person selected by fellow jurors to chair deliberations and report the jury's verdict.
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