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35 Week Test Review
Terms in this set (35)
What type of land was needed for plantations to flourish?
Fertile soil, flat land, long growing season
Creating colonies which provide raw materials for the benefit of the mother country
The John Peter Zenger case during colonial times resulted in what?
Freedom of the press, First Amendment
What was a result of the French and Indian War for the American colonies?
The British issued taxes on the colonies to pay for the cost of the war.
What was the Articles of Confederation?
America's first government. It created a weak national government.
What time period influenced the writing of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution?
What was the purpose of federalism, checks and balances, and separation of powers?
To prevent one part of government from overpowering the other parts.
Why do justices on the Supreme Court serve a life term?
To ensure that they are independent and are not influenced by politics.
Why did the Anti-Federalists argue against the Constitution?
They feared a strong central government and wanted a Bill of Rights.
What was Alexander Hamilton's financial plan for the United States?
It included a national bank, tariffs, and a tax on whiskey
Define the Homestead Act
It encouraged settlement in the west, gave 160 acres of free farm land to any man who was at least 21 years old.
What was the 13th Amendment to the Constitution?
It freed the slaves
What was the 14th amendment?
Provided legal citizenship to African Americans
What was the 15th Amendment?
Gave African Americans the right to vote
Why did sharecropping develop in the South following the Civil War?
Since slavery was ended, farmers used used it as a new way to grow crops. Seen as a second form of slavery.
Why did monopolies grow during the late 1800's?
Government used laissez faire (hands off approach), it was a way for corporations to increase profits
Who did the Open Door Policy allow the US to trade with?
What was the immediate cause of the Spanish American War?
The sinking of the USS Maine (a battleship)
What was the Progressive Era?
A reform movement to improve American life by expanding democracy and achieving economic and social justice.
What happened as a result of Upton Sinclair's novel The Jungle?
Consumer protections were created such as the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act
What was a result of urbanization?
Pollution, tenements, crime
What was the purpose of the Federal Reserve System?
National banking system that regulates the flow of money in the economy
Why did the Senate choose not to ratify the Treaty of Versailles at the end of World War II?
Fear that the US would be drawn into European conflicts, isolationism
Define Harlem Renaissance
Rebirth of African American culture in music, art, and literature
prejudice against foreign-born people
Where was the Dust Bowl located?
What was a criticism used against FDR's court packing plan?
Violated checks and balances
Define Lend-Lease Act
President could lend or lease arms and other supplies to any country vital to the US
What was the purpose of NATO?
To defend western Europe against a Soviet attack
What action did President Truman take to advance the rights of African Americans following World War II?
Desegregated the military
Magazine advertisements in the 1920's and television ads in the 1950's encouraged Americans to do what?
Consumerism- purchase goods
What method did Martin Luther King Jr. use to advance Civil Rights?
What was the purpose of Lyndon Johnson's Great Society?
War on Poverty, expand civil rights
What was the purpose of Affirmative Action?
A way to remedy past discriminatory practices against women and minorities
Why did the US fight in the Persian Gulf War?
To liberate Kuwait and to ensure production of oil