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Arts and Humanities
Spring 2019 Toben Religion Final Exam
Terms in this set (128)
Stephens words at his martyrdom on acts is reminiscent of whose death in which gospel
Who replaced Judas as the 12th apostle
Early Christian Jews in Jerusalem sometimes were sometimes the people known to follow this movement
The protagonist of the first half of acts is this person
What happened at Pentecost
The Apostles received the Holy Spirit
this person was a Roman, Jewish, a Pharisee, a tentmaker, and a convert to the way
This is the person who most notable has an influence and inspiration that animates, builds and sanctifies the church explicitly in acts of the apostles
This is an act of witnessing to the saving message of Christ through the sacrifice of one's life
The second half of acts focuses on this person
The apostles and Paul proclaimed what two things to all people
The paschal mystery and Kingdom of God`
This person is from the city of Thyatira, a seller of purple fabrics, a worshiper of God. The Lord opened the heart to respond to the things spoken by Paul. When she and her household had been baptized she urged us saying, "if you have judged me to be faithful to the Lord and come into my house and stay."
Festival of week
Paul puts emphasis on this part of the paschal mystery
Paul believes he derives his authority from what source
God or divine origins
In chapter 10 of acts, Peter has a vision, which results in what changes in the early church
All foods were seen as clean
What sacrament was often celebrated within the house churches while they shared a meal
First gentile convery
This person was a Roman official who had Paul stand trial. He often liked to listen to Paul
Felix or Festus
The end of acts of the apostles with this person in this city
Paul in Rome
In acts of the apostles, this was a sacrament that brought people into the community
What was discussed at the council of Jerusalem
Issues involving gentiles had to do before joining the church was discussed
The title Christians were first used in this city, as there was a Greek and Jewish population who came to the love of Jesus Christ
He was a co-worker with Paul. He also knew the Jewish scriptures and was considered a Jew by birth though he did not follow all the Jewish practices
Name three unique characteristics of Paul that makes him a successful missionary to all people
He is a Roman, he is well educated, and he can read and write in multiple languages
In acts of the apostles, the first community handled the communal life in what ways
Shared all their possessions
What are the holy days of obligation in the Latin rite Roman Catholic church's liturgical year
Immaculate conception, ascension, all saints, Christmas, all Sundays
What theological concept is central to Eastern Orthodox Theology?
Name the four sights of the Buddha before he left the castle
Old age, disease, death, and ascetic
What is the main goal of a Hindu?
Moksha the infinite being, awareness, and bliss
What is the Hebrew title for the Oral Torah?
What two sacraments are practiced by most Christian denominations?
Baptism and Eucharist
What is the scripture for the Religion of Islam?
What is the holiest site in Islam and what city is it located in?
The Ka'bah in Mecca
What theological concept is foundational to Jewish theology?
On whom is Christianity centered around?
What are the four Noble Truths?
Life is suffering, Suffering is caused by desire, Suffering can be brought to cessation, the solution to suffering is the Noble Eightfold Path
What form of biblical interpretation does the Roman Catholic Church reject?
Who was the leader of the Islamic faith after Muhammad's death according to Shia Muslims?
What is the central human figure in Islam?
Who is the father of faith for the Jewish People?
What happened in 70 A.D. that changed Judaism forever?
The Second Temple was destroyed
What are the five pillars of Islam?
There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is a prophet, prayer five times a day, almsgiving, fasting during the month of Ramadan, and a pilgrimage to Mecca
Name the three major forms of Modern Judaism
Reform, Conservative, and Orthodox
Gautama Buddha was born into what Hindu caste?
Rich warrior class
all forms of reality--gods and goddesses, plants and animals, the material universe, and humans share a common essence called what?
The middle way embraces what idea?
Spiritual happiness implies complete happiness in body, mind, and spirit
Name the three Ecumenical Councils
Constantinople, Ephesus, Nicaea
Action or deed
Name the stages of life in Hinduism?
Forest Dweller, Ascetic, Student, and Householder
Name three major gods in Hinduism related to creation, preservation, and destruction
Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva
What is the ultimate goal for Buddhist?
The Church traces its tradition directly from the apostles; therefore the Church is considered this mark ____________. With the Holy Spirit, the Church preserves and continued the teaching of the apostles. The pope and bishops and the successors of the apostles.
Whose help does the Church receive in the handing on the teaching of the Apostles and their successors?
The Holy Spirit
The Seven Sacraments, especially this Sacrament, create bonds of unity within the Church being people together as the Body of Christ
What is an effort by Christians from different Churches and ecclesial communities to be open to one another and to work to restore unity among all Christians?
Just as God is one in the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, so also is the Church this mark of the Church _______.
Although the Church is not in full communion with the Catholic Church, these two Churches are especially close because both gave maintained Apostolic Succession.
As the successor to Saint Peter, this person is the visible principle and foundation for the unity of the whole Church.
When we profess belief in this, we do recognize our relationships with all faithful people living now and in the pats. We are also saying the "holy things," especially the Eucharist, bin us to one another and unite us to God.
Communion of Saints
this mark of the Church expresses how the Catholic Church sanctifies the world through prayer, the Seven Sacraments, and the grace of God
Which image of the Church started in the Old Testament and grew into a different understanding after the Paschal Mystery?
People of God
Meaning "universal" the Church is this mark in two ways. First, because all baptized people are part of the Church and the Church possesses the means of salvation. Second, the mission of the Church is universal because the Church has been sent to proclaim Christ to the entire human race
honoring these people with the whole Church reminds us of the Paschal Mystery visible in their lives, exposes us to holy people, and unites us with the liturgy of Heaven, which is constant praise of God, as revealed in the Book of Revelation
This is the ultimate example of the Church's unity. This is also a source for which the Church was created and inspired.
The Holy Trinity
The bishops and the pope have received the ___________ by means of apostolic succession through the sacrament of holy orders.
Once the time came to finish their work on this earth, the Apostles chose their successors, who
were given the title bishop. To these successors the Apostles passed on the authority to teach and interpret Sacred Scripture and Tradition. What name do we give to the process of passing on this authority?
This power refers to Peter's special authority to absolve sin, make judgments about official doctrines, and make disciplinary decisions in the Church
Bind and loose
besides Jesus Christ, who would be the perfect model of holiness within the Catholic Church?
The Holy Spirit infuses our souls with this to free us from sin and make us holy
List the three roles of tasks conferred on bishops through Episcopal consecration
Governing, teaching, and sanctifying
This word describes any Christian's activity that fulfills the apostolic nature of the whole Church when he or she works in a spirit of love to extend the Reign of Christ at the entire world
In response to the Protestant Reformation, this council was called and addressed the issues at the heart of the division created
The Council of Trent
This results when a person or group consciously and deliberately rejects a dogma of the Church
We receive these gifts that come to us from the particular Sacraments
The Church is one but is made up of two elements, _______ and _______.
One human and one divine
What is the mission of the Church?
Promote the Kingdom of God
The Christian home is the place where children first hear the Word of God. Parents can teach their children the virtues and set a good example. That is why the Christian family is called this...
The Domestic Church
What does the Catholic Church celebrate at Pentecost?
The Apostles receive the Holy Spirit
This is both a sign of the unity of the Church and a way to create that unity
This person oversees the administration of the Sacraments in his diocese. He celebrates Confirmation and he is the only person who can ordain priests and deacons.
What is the cornerstone of Jewish theology?
The ultimate goal for Buddhist it?
Reach the state of Nirvana
What is the priest's primary responsibility?
Besides Jesus, who is the best model of holiness according to the Catholic Church
Mary the Mother of God
Members of religious orders live communal lives publicly profess the evangelical counsels shares a liturgical character and belong to institutes recognized by the Church are called members of the?
The Consecrated Life
What are the Marks of the Church?
One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic
Dogmas and doctrines are considered to be at the center of the truths of the Catholic Church. This categorization is called the?
The Hierarchy of Truths
Christianity is centered on what
The person and teachings of Jesus Christ
What is the name given to the official teaching authority of the Church?
What are the three parts of the Triduum?
Holy Thursday, Good Friday, and Easter Vigil
What are the evangelical counsels?
Poverty, chastity, and obedience
This non-priest celebrates the Sacrament of Baptism and blesses marriages. He gives homilies and carries out catechesis. He also dedicates himself to ministries of charity
The laity of the church share in what offices Jesus Christ through their baptism?
Priest, prophet, and king
The Church is incorruptible and without error. The Church as a whole possesses these two charisms even though individual members have faults and make mistakes.
Indefectibility and Infallibility
This event is demonstrated at every Holy Mass by the priest putting on of liturgical vestments. He is seen as no longer acting as himself but as Jesus.
In persona Christi
The Magisterium is the name given to the official teaching authority of the Church. The Magisterium interprets the Word of God in what two ways?
Scripture and Tradition
What is the primary duty of the College of Cardinals
Elect the Pope
The daily life of all religious orders is characterized by regular prayer. Most pray some form of this prayer
The liturgy of the hours
The Catechism is a synthesis of the basic contents of Catholic doctrine. List four important parts of the CCC.
Nicene Creed, Sacraments, Ten Commandments, and Lord's Prayer
At this liturgy, the oils will be presented to and received by the local parish community. The rite of washing the feet will also be added to the mass.
The Sundays and weeks of this season take us through the life of Christ. This is living the life of Christ.
What are the three expressions of prayer?
Vocal prayer, meditation, and contemplation
What are the four parts of the Easter Vigil?
1. The blessing and lighting of the Easter candle. 2. The liturgy of the word. 3. The welcoming of people into the Church through baptism. 4. Liturgy of the Eucharist
What are the four steps in the Lectio Divine?
Reading, meditation, contemplation, and prayer
What are the six seasons of the liturgical year in order?
Advent, Christmas season, Ordinary time, Lent, The Triduum, Easter season
What are the seven forms of prayer
Blessing, adoration, petition, intercession, thanksgiving, praise doxology
What are the two prayers and rituals that are unique to the Good Friday service?
The solemn intercessions and the adoration of the cross
What is also known as the divine office, the official public, daily prayer of the Catholic Church. It provides standard prayers, Scripture readings, and reflections at regular hours throughout the day?
The Chrism Mass
What is prayer?
Lifting up of one's mind and heart to God in praise, petition, thanksgiving, and intercession; communication with God in a relationship of love.
What is the 2nd day of the Easter Triduum on which we have the celebration of the Lord's passion? The liturgy of the word is offered. After the altar is dressed and communion taken from the place of repose from Holy Thursday is given. However, mass is not offered.
What is the Church's official, public, communal prayer, it is God's work, in which the People of God participate?
What is the expression of prayer that is a form of prayer involving a vareity of methods and techniques, in which one engages that mind, imagination, and emotions to focus on a particular truth, biblical theme, or other spiritual matter?
What is the expression of prayer that is a form of wordless prayer in which one is fully focused on the presence of God; sometimes defined as "resting on God."
What is the form of prayer that is a prayer asking God to care for a particular person, place, or activity?
What is the form of prayer that is a prayer form in which one asks God for help and forgiveness?
What is the form of prayer that is a prayer of acknowledgement that God is God, giving God glory not for what he does, but simply because he is?
What is the form of prayer that is the prayerful acknowledgement that God is God and Creator of all that is?
What is the liturgical season of 40 days which begins with Ash Wednesday and ends with the celebration of the Paschal Mystery (Easter Triduum)? It is the primary penitential season in the Church's liturgical year, reflection the 40 days Jesus spent in the desert in fasting and prayer?
What is the liturgy celebrated on Holy Saturday night. It celebrates the coming of the light of Christ into the world and is also the time when adults and older children joining the church to receive the sacraments of Christian initiation?
What is the prayer form that is a prayer of gratitude for the gift of life and the first of life?
What is the prayer form that is a prayer on behalf of another person or group?
What is the prayer form that is the Christian prayers of praise that are usually directed to the Trinity?
What is the prayerful acknowledgement that God is God and Creator of all that is?
What is the season in which we celebrate the birth of Christ into our world and into our hearts, and reflect on the gift of salvation that is born with him... including the fact that he was born to die for us.
What is the summit of the Liturgical Year, from the evening of Holy Thursday to the evening of Easter Sunday? Though chronologically three days, they are liturgically one celebration unfolding for us the unity of Christ's Paschal Mystery.
What is the Sunday cycle which is divided into three years, labeled A, B, and C. In year A, we mostly read from the Gospel of Matthew? In year B, we mostly read the Gospel of Mark and chapter 6 of the Gospel of John. In year C, we mostly read the Gospel of Luke. The Gospel of John is read during the Easter season in all three years.
Lectionary of Mass
What is the thing that compromises of eight days, which stretch from the 1st to the 2nd Sunday? It is a way of prolonging the joy of the initial day. In a sense, every day of this is like a little Sunday.
What is this season of time of preparation that directs our hearts and minds to Christs second coming at the end of time and also to the anniversary of the Lord's birth on Christmas?
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