Upgrade to remove ads
Unit 7: WWII
Terms in this set (53)
(living space)-Idea that Germany needed to expand eastward to secure the healthy growth of the Aryan race.
The Spanish Civil War
Francisco Franco starts a fascist rebellion and wins
Starts a fascist rebellion in Spain
a Spanish town that was brutally bombed and was full of innocent civilians it was supposed to encourage fear, Picasso painted a famous painting capturing Guernica
The union of Austria with Germany, resulting from the occupation of Austria by the German army in 1938.
an area in western Czechoslovakia that was coveted by Hitler
British Prime Minister; told crowds he achieved "peace of our time"; Churchill claimed that he had brought Nazi reign upon Europe
The Phony War
the period of time after Germany had taken Poland and the Allies declared war on the Axis, when the Western front was particularly quiet, both countries simply mobilizing, but doing no harm to each other
the German/Soviet non-aggression pact
By signing this pact, Germany had protected itself from having to fight a two-front war in the soon-to-begin World War II; the Soviet Union was awarded land, including parts of Poland and the Baltic States. The pact was broken when Nazi Germany attacked the Soviet Union less than two years later, on June 22, 1941.
Britain and France's policy of compromise with Hitler and Mussolini.
"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland n 1939
Invasion of Poland
Germany invaded, breaking their agreement, so Britain and France declared war, starting World War II 1939
The Maginot Line
Elaborate defensive barrier in northeastern France built in the 1930s. Named after its principal creator, Andre Maginot, it was an ultramodern defensive fortification along the French-German frontier
Fall of France
June 1940 France and most of Europe was conquered by Germany. Left Britain alone against Hitler
Miracle of Dunkirk
1940; After Hitler conquered France and trapped the British soldiers, the British were able to ferry the British soldiers accross the English Channel to saftey
Radio Detection and Ranging
British Prime Minister who opposed the policy of appeasement and led Great Britain through World War II
Germany, Italy, Japan
German field marshal noted for brilliant generalship in North Africa during World War II (1891-1944)
British General who cut off Rommel from advancing into Africa
Battle of El Alamein
1942-British victory in WWII that stopped the Axis forces from advancing into Northern Africa
when hitler launched a massive attack on the Soviet Union/considered the bloodiest battle in the war and Russia breaks the backbone of the german army
Siege of Leningrad
German forces surrounded this Russian city, cutting off supplies. About one million people died of starvation and cold weather
The Russian Winter
what helped the Russians defeat Germany in 1941-1942
Government action based on firm allegiance to a political party
Battle of Stalingrad
Unsuccessful German attack on the city of Stalingrad during World War II from 1942 to 1943, that was the furthest extent of German advance into the Soviet Union.
Russian sniper in during World War II.
At the start of his reign, Japan was still a fairly rural country with a limited industrial base. Japan's militarization of in the 1930's eventually led to Japan's invasion in China and involvement in WW2.
Bombing of Pearl Harbor
Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941. The attack devastated the American fleet. America declared war on Japan.
The Doolittle Raid
The doolittle raid was a raid in which the airplanes were striped down so the take off of an aircraft carrier and the bombed Japan only four months after Pearl Harbor.
Japanese Internment Camps Battle of Midway
The forcible relocation of approximately 110,000 Japanese Americans to housing facilities called "War Relocation Camps", in the wake of Imperial Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor.
Battle of Guadalcanal
(1942-1943) World War II battle in the Pacific; it represented the first Allied counter-attack against Japanese forces; Allied victory forced Japanese forces to abandon the island
suicidal Japanese infantry charges
The Final Solution
Nazi Germany's plan and execution of its systematic genocide against European jews during World War II.
The mass murder of 6 million Jews and others in Nazi concentration camps.
a Nazi concentration camp for Jews in southwestern Poland during World War II
Battle of Monte Cassino
Battle surrounded a monestary. Took 3 months for the US to take because Germans were so well entrenched and therefore the American bombs did nothing. As a result, US troops had to go in and fight "by hand" 30,000 - 40,000 died.
Battle of Kursk
German forces are soundly defeated by the Soviets, greatest tank battle of WWII
United States general who supervised the invasion of Normandy and the defeat of Nazi Germany
The code name for the Allied invasion of Europe at Normandy on June 6, 1944; also known as D-Day
an extensive system of coastal fortifications built by the Germans under Erwin Rommel in 1942 until 1944 along the western coast of Europe to defend against an anticipated Allied invasion of the mainland from Great Britain.
German Super Weapons
V-1 and V-2 Missles
Battle of the Bulge
December, 1944-January, 1945 - After recapturing France, the Allied advance became stalled along the German border. In the winter of 1944, Germany staged a massive counterattack in Belgium and Luxembourg which pushed a 30 mile "bulge" into the Allied lines. The Allies stopped the German advance and threw them back across the Rhine with heavy losses.
Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb
May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered
A military strategy used during World War II that involved selectively attacking specific enemy-held islands and bypassing others
Battle of Iwo Jima
lasted 6 weeks, several thousand marines, and more than 20,000 Japanese soldiers were killed, this battle is also notable for the famous photograph of US marines lifting the American flag to a standpoint
Battle of Okinawa
(1945) World War II victory for the Allied troops that resulted in the deaths of almost all of the 100,000 Japanese defenders; the battle claimed 12,000 American lives
The Manhattan Project
A secret research and development project of the US to develop the atomic bomb. Its success granted the US the bombs that ended the war with Japan as well as ushering the country into the atomic era
Fatman and Littleboy
nicknames for bombs dropped on hiroshima and Nagasaki
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
(FDR following death) nuclear attacks during World War II against the Empire of Japan by the United States of America at the order of U.S. President Harry S. Truman
The Nuremburg Trials
A series fo trials which charged high ranking German leaders with war crimes and "crimes against humanity."
Name for the u.S. and Soviet Union after World War II because we were the two strongest countries in the world.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
History: Unit 4 Test
World History Unit 7
OFY - World History A5
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
World War II
9. World War II Ch. 14
Geller: World War II
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Crash Course Chapter 2: Key Terms
1 Overview of AP Physics Concepts