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23 terms

Early human terms

Early humans
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Prehistory
The time before writing
Radiocarbon Dating
A method of dating once living things through radioactive carbon, because scientists know the the rate of carbon decay.
Hominids
Human beings and the human-like creatures that preceded them
Ice age
A time when earth experienced long ages of cold climate
Paleolithic Age
The first part of the stone age, beginning 2.5 million years ago with the first toolmaking by homo habilis
Mesolithic Age
The middle of the stone age, dating 12,000 BC to 8000 BC
Neolithic Age
The New Stone Age, lasting from 8000 BC to 5000 BC
Nomads
People who move constantly in search of food
Scavenger
someone who collects things that have been discarded by others
Hunter-gatherer
a member of a nomadic group whose food supply depends on hunting animals and collecting plant foods.
Australopithecus
The first prehuman hominids, 4.4 million years old, found in Southern Africa. No evidence that they ever used tools.
Homo Habilis
Lived 2.5 - 1.5 million years ago, and were first to use tools. Had larger brains then Australopithecus and were more physically and mentally advanced. Lived in Africa.
Homo Erectus
Lived 1.8 million - 30,000 years ago. Mostly scavengers and first to make fire and clothing. Originally lived in Africa but some migrated to Europe and Asia.
Neanderthals
The first homo sapiens, lived 200,000 to 29,000 years ago. Mostly nomadic hunter-gatherers, had more sophisticated tools, and were culturally advanced.
Cro-Magnons
Earliest Homo Sapiens Sapiens - aka humans, hunter-gatherers. Had first cave paintings in Lascaux cave
Homo Sapiens Sapiens
Modern humans, originated in Africa 50,000 years ago
Homo Floresiensis
A species of human, 3 feet tall, found on a remote Indonesian Island. Lived 13,000 years ago. They had small brains but sophisticated tools and were intelligent.
Single Species Hypothesis
A belief that only one hominid species could live at a time, now known to be false.
Species longevity
The persistence of species for long periods of time
Symbolic thought
ability to represent and think about external objects and events in one's mind
Instrumental meaning
When calls act as stimuli to trigger desired responses from others about what is happening in the present
FOXP2
A gene effecting speech, Only non-fossilizable indicator of speech
Click Languages
Possibly the first spoken language, over 30 different click languages in Africa.