33 terms

People, Roles, Significance, Impact

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MLK Jr. Role
African Americans
Reform American society by gaining equal rights for African Americans through civil disobedience (peaceful protest)
Famous "I Have A Dream... Speech"
Assassinated in 1968
MLK Jr. Significance
Instrumental in organizing events and organizations such as the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and the March on Washington in support of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
MLK Jr. Impact
Short Term Impact: Unified African Americans nationally; Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed; Voting Rights Act of 1965 was passed;
Long Term Impact: Other minorities were inspired and continue to be inspired by his movement; global impact (peaceful protest); federal laws enacted are still in place and continue to affect current and future generations.
Cesar Chávez Role
Mexican Americans
Farm worker (migrant worker)
Improve conditions for the migrant workers
Organized a labor union
Led strikes and boycotts affecting grape growers in California)
Cesar Chávez Significance
Instrumental in organizing events and organizations, primarily the United Farm Workers Union.
Provided leadership for thirty years
Cesar Chávez Impact
Short Term Impact: Organized migrant workers and led peaceful protests through boycotts; co-founded the United Farm Workers Union

Long Term Impact: Inspired other Latinos to become advocates for Latino rights.
Rosa Parks Role
African Americans
Active member of the NAACP
Peaceful protest and advocate for equal rights for African Americans
Rosa Parks Significance
Participated in peaceful demonstrations including a bus boycott as a result of her refusal to give up her seat on a bus to a white man.
She was arrested and consequently inspired the bus boycott
Rosa Parks Impact
Short Term Impact: led peaceful protests to help bring national attention to her cause.
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that segregation on city buses was unconstitutional.
Long Term Impact: Other laws followed to bring equality to African Americans. Continues to inspire women
Hector P. Garcia Role
Mexican Americans
World War II Veteran
Physician, Civil Rights Advocate for Mexican Americans
Hector P. Garcia Significance
Organized the American G.I. Forum (1948) which allowed Latino membership
Organization improved veteran benefits and medical needs
Advocate for education, vocational training, end poll taxes, voter registration, etc.
Hector P. Garcia Impact
Short Term Impact: Organized a movement to help Latino veterans after World War II
Long Term Impact: Named alternate Ambassador of the U.S. delegation to the United Nations appointed by Lyndon Baines Johnson
Latinos continue to benefit from the American G.I.Forum
Betty Friedan
Women's Rights
Journalist
Activist
Betty Friedan Significance
Co-founder of National Organization of Women (1966)
Wrote the book: The Feminine Mystique which inspired women to leave traditional roles and seek new opportunities in education, the workplace, and leadership.
Betty Friedan
Short Term Impact: Major push for equal rights legislation and movement to amend the U.S. Constitution (Equal Rights Amendment)
Long Term Impact: Part of the movement led to legislation (Title IX).
George Wallace Role
For Segregation of African Americans
Governor of Alabama
Served as Governor for three terms
Pro-Segregation policies
George Wallace Significance
Against policies that integrated African Americans into white public schools.
Against the Civil Rights Movement
George Wallace Impact
Short Term Impact: Advocate for the defeat of legislation that would integrate African Americans; stood in front of elementary schools to keep black students from entering.
Long Term Impact: Wallace, late in his life (1982) made a public apology for his stance on segregation.
Orval Faubus Role
For Segregation of African Americans
Governor of Arkansas
Orval Faubus Significance
He ordered the Arkansas National Guard to stop African American students from entering Little Rock High School
Orval Faubus Impact
Short Term Impact: Advocate for the defeat of legislation that would integrate African Americans into all white public schools.
Long Term Impact: The Civil Rights Movement and federal laws that supported the minority vote prompted a realignment of political parties in the country.
Lester Maddox Role
For Segregation of African Americans
Governor of Georgia
Lester Maddox Significance
Against laws that supported the integration of African Americans with whites.
As a restaurant owner, refused to serve African Americans.
Lester Maddox Impact
Short Term Impact: Advocate for the defeat of legislation that would integrate African Americans with whites.
Long Term Impact: The Civil Rights Movement and federal laws that supported the minority vote prompted a realignment of political parties in the country.
Thurgood Marshall Role
African Americans
Argued the case (Brown v. Board of Education) before the U.S. Supreme Court and won
Thurgood Marshall Significance
Appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court by President Lyndon B. Johnson and served from (1967 to 1991)
He was the first African-American to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court
Thurgood Marshall Impact
Short Term Impact: The ruling on Brown v. Board of Education made segregation unconstitutional
Long Term Impact: As a U.S. Supreme Court justice, his decisions on multiple cases continue to affect contemporary America.
Eleanor Roosevelt Role
Women's Rights
Advocate for women's rights prior to her becoming First Lady and continued through her advocacy for women's rights throughout her life.
Eleanor Roosevelt Significance
Appointed by President Truman as a delegate to the United Nations General Assembly and became the first chairperson of the preliminary United Nations Commission on Human Rights.
Eleanor Roosevelt Impact
Short Term Impact: She was an advocate for women's rights nationally and internationally
Long Term Impact: She continues to be a role model for many.
Dolores Huerta Role
Mexican Americans
Farm worker (migrant worker)
Improve conditions for the migrant workers
Organized a labor union
Led strikes and boycotts affecting grape growers in California)
Dolores Huerta Significance
She continues to help improve the lives of women, workers and immigrants
Dolores Huerta Impact
Short Term Impact: She organized migrant workers and led peaceful protests through boycotts; co-founded the United Farm Workers Union; brought national attention to the rights of Mexican Americans
Long Term Impact: She remains an activist for immigrants, migrants, women's rights and other causes.
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