48 terms

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Terms in this set (...)

how long does sperm live in the woman's body
5 days
how long does an egg live
1 day
scrotum
sac that holds and protects the testes
testes
produce sperm and secrete testosterone
seminiferous tubules
tubes inside the testes that contain and convey sperm
epididymis
where sperm mature
vas deferens
two tubes that serve as a passageway for sperm and propel sperm forward
seminal vesicles
secretions nourish sperm
ejaculatory duct
short tube that passes into the prostate gland and opens into the urethra
prostate gland
secretions add to semen mixture
cowper's gland
secretions neutralize acidity of semen
urethra
through which semen and urine leave the body
penis
the male organ of intercourse, contains urethra
path of sperm cells
1. produced in the testes. the hormone is testosterone
2. stored in epididymis and matures
3. travel through the vas deferens
4. combine with fluid from the seminal vesicle, 38%, supplies nutrition
5. combine with fluid from the prostate gland, 60% reduces acidity of vagina
6. combine with fluid from the cowper's glands, 2% neutralize and lubrications the urethra
7. now called semen, travels through the urethra in the penis
8. leaves the body through the opening in the erect penis during ejaculation.
4 male changes during puberty
1. larger muslces
2. deeper voice
3. growth of body hair
4. v-shaped torso
2 problems of the male reproductive system
1. testicular cancer- uncontrolled growth of cells in the testes
2. sterility- the inability to reproduce due to poor-quality sperm, or too few sperm
causes of male sterility
1. sexually transmitted infection complications
2. low sperm production
3. etc.
signs of testicular cancer
-enlargement of one teste
-presence of pain
-dull ache in lower abdomen and groin
-hard lumps or nodules on testes
how effective is a condom alone?
85% effective
mons pubis
covers and cushions the pubic bone and reproductive organs
labia majora
outer folds of skin that protect the openings to the urethra and the vagina
labia minora
inner folds of skin that protect the openings to the urethra and the vagina
clitoris
highly sensitive shaft of erectile tissue located just below the juncture of the labia minor. when a female is sexually arroused, it swells and fills with blood and the only known function is sexual pleasure
urethral opening
the tube that allows urine to leave the body
vaginal opening
the opening to the vagina where menstrual fluid leaves the body and the male penis enters the vagina during sex. it stretches during childbirth
vagina
elastic tube that extends from the base of the uterus to the vaginal opening in the vulva
cervix
secrets mucus that changes in response to hormones during the menstrual cycle. at ovulation the mucus is clear and slippery to facilitate the entry of sperm to the uterus
uterus
hollow, pear-shapes organ composed of muscular layers. provides a safe and nourishing place for the fetus during pregnancy and contracts to push the baby out of the body at childbirth
fallopian tubes
extend from either side of the uterus and serve as the passageway for the egg between the ovary and the uterus
ovaries
contain egg cells and produce estrogen
4 phases of menstruation
1. menses
2. estrogenic phase
3. ovulation
4. progestrational phase
ovulation
when an egg is released
estrogenic phase
the egg matures in the ovary
menses
menstrual flow or bleeding
progestational phase
egg drawn into the fallopian tube
self care for females
girls should have an internal exam when she is 18 or when she begins to have sex b/c the physician would provide input and answer questions
vulva
the external female reproductive organs
hymen
a thin membrane that stretches across the vaginal opening
bartholin's glands
pair of glands located near the labia minora which secrete fluid during sexual excitement
define menstruation
the process by which the uterus sheds its lining. the cycle consists of the lining of the uterus thickening and ovulation
4 female changes during puberty
breasts, ovulation, menstruation, soft and smooth skin
premenstrual syndrom (PMS)
symptoms occuring on the days before and during menstration such as bloating, weight gain, headaches, cravings, etc.
toxic shock syndrome
due to certain types of tampons or failures to change tampons for an extended period of time
breast cancer
a disease in which malignant tumors grow in the breast tissue
uterine cancer
a disease in which malignant tumors grow on or in the uterus
cervical cancer
a disease in which malignant tumros grow on or in the cervix
ovarian cancer
a disease in which there are cancerous cells and tumors in one or both ovaries
vaginal cancer
a disease in which ther are cancerous cells and tumors present in the vagina