Government Spring Exam
Terms in this set (114)
State governments receive their reserved powers from the ______ Amendment.
Secretary of State
The ___________ is responsible for magian elections and maintaining the state's official seal.
The ____________ is responsible for collecting taxes and investing the state funds.
the capital of Louisiana
Where is the LA Supreme Court located?
Sales tax, income tax, and estate tax
Sources of income for state government (3)
Which form of government pays public school teacher's salaries?
schools that receive state funding, but do not have to meet all of the requirements of a public school
the high drop-out rate
the biggest problem facing state governments in regards to education
petit (trial) jury
Decides guilt or innocence
decides if there is enough evidence to bring a person to trial
schools, roads, bridges, sewer systems, water of a community
any amount that is coming in as payment
money that is paid to use someone else's money
any money being paid out
any person who works
when there are not enough resources to produce all the things that we would like
anything used to make something else
school building, bull dozer, hammer
Example of capital resources (3)
new business or improvement of an old business
Taco Bell, Walmart
Examples of entrepreneurship (2)
a city and its surround suburbs
investigates crimes and collect taxes
investigates deaths; takes over investigations when the sheriff must step away from the case
Parish Clerk of Court
keeps official government records and supervises elections within the parish; issues marriage certificates; houses all court documents
Laws passed at the local level
a government grant that can be used by parents to send their children to private schools at the government's expense
the money to pay for the demanded services
What is the biggest problem that state legislators face in meeting the demands of Americans?
How long is the term of the governor of LA
enforcing laws, issuing executive orders, appointing various state officials, and submitting a budget to the legislature
responsibilities of the state governor (4)
LA laws that have been created by the state legislature and signed by the governor, will become law _____ days after the session of the legislature ends.
even numbered years
Tax bills in LA can only be introduced in legislative sessions that are held in ___________ years.
city, town, village
Which councils are responsible for approving budgets and passing ordinances? (3)
Property Tax and Sales Tax
Sources of income for local governments (2)
blacks, republicans, Jews, and Immigrants
What groups did the Ku Klux Clan target? (4)
Works mainly through the judicial system to challenge laws and customs that denied blacks their constitutional rights
What does the NAACP do?
Brown vs Board
Emmett Louis Till, 14 yr old black boy, murdered in Money, MS for "whistling at a white woman"
New Orleans Lunch Counter Sit-ins
Integratuon of Ole Miss by James Meredith
March on Washington
"I Have a Dream" speech
16th Street Baptist Church bombed
3 civil rights workers disappear in MS and found buried 6 weeks latee
Civil Rights Act passes
Poll Taxes outlawed
Voting Rights Act passed
March from Selma to Montgomery
Dr. MLK, Jr. assassinated
To make up for past discrimination against minorities and women
Why were Affirmative Action policies passed into law?
entrance into universities, scholarships, and jobs on the basis of race and/or gender
What advantages did Affirmative Action policies give?
they discriminate against white males
What is today's argument on affirmative action policies?
the things that we must, by law, do
defend the nation, pay taxes, serve in court, obey laws, attend school
Examples of duties (5)
the things that citizens should do in order to make the country run effectively
voting, helping your community, respecting diversity, respecting the rights of others, be informed, and participate in the government
Examples of responsibilities (6)
Dec 1865, just after the Civil War; banned slavery
When was the 13th Amendment ratified? What did it do?
July 1868; granted full citizenship to the former slaves
When was the 14th Amendment ratified? What did it do?
Feb 1870; guarantees all males, regardless of race (with the exception of the Native Americans until 1924) the right to vote
When was the 15th Amendment ratified? What did it do?
Jim Crow Laws
laws passed in southern states that mandated segreation in various areas
public accommodations, schools, rail cars, etc.
Example of mandated racial segregation in carious areas
a form of the mandate to ensure that blacks were not afforded the right to vote
How many states have counties?
Counties, boroughs, and parishes
political divisions at the local level (3 kinds)
state with boroughs
state with parishes
City/town/village charters are established through...
outline the powers and duties of the local government
What do charters do?
parish seat of St. Tammany Parish
City/town where parish government and courthouse are located
Parish property tax
the estimate of all taxable property and its worth within the parish; only collected at the local level; the majority of local revenue comes from; collected by the sheriff's office; assessed by the Assessor
St. Tammany Parish is located in the _____ Judicial District.
public school teacher's salaries
Local government pays...
anything found naturally on earth
trees, minerals, dirt, water
examples of land (4)
North Korea, Cuba, Columbia
countries with command economies (3)
In the _________________ economy the government controls goods and services.
the amount of money that would be available after all the bills have been paid
Scarcity of resources
the basic problem of economics
everything that exists is limited
Choices about resource use arise because...
new advances in Entrepreneurship
cotton gin, computers, telephones
examples of technology (3)
All of the means of production are owned by the private citizen under the _______ ______
In the ___________________, the question of what should be produced and how much should be produced would be answered by signals within the marketplace.
pure market economy
In a ______________, there would be NO government interference, thus restricted competition.
the idea of making profits
What do most people start business with?
foreign market sector
The United States sells products to, as well as, buys products from the...
needs of life
food, water, shelter(clothing)
things that are not essential for survival but that we would like to own
To act ethically towards the seller and to educate themselves about products
Consumer's two responsibilities
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
The total market value of all goods and services produced in an area during a year; would only count NEW products, nothing secondhand
taxation on business and individuals
Where does most government revenue come from?
the government had very little to do with economics
In The Wealth of Nations, Adam Smith described the economic system where...
Ethical behavior example
not trying to return an item that you have bought and have now found elsewhere at a lower price
in order to attract business
Why do businesses try to keep their prices as low as possible?
US, China, Japan, England, France, and Canada are all examples of
Almost all economic systems today are __________ economies.
these economies are very few in the world; limited parts of the Middle East
things are done as they always have been done, according to tradition (custom)
How are things done in the traditional economy?
free enterprise system
allows business to compete for profit with a minimum government interference
made by individuals looking out for their own best interest
Who makes economic decisions?
Which system is easiest to open a new business?
Brown v. Board of Education
1954 reversed the Plessy ruling of separate but equal, as far as school were concerned
the principle of equal protection of the law
Ending school segregation with deliberate speed was a result of...
equal protection was violated in other areas but only mandated in schools
What did Brown v. Board of Education suggest?
Plessy vs. Ferguson
1896 US Supreme Court case from Eastern Court of LA which tested the constitutionality of the LA Railroad Car Act (a Jim Crow law)
constitutional as long as they were equal
The Supreme Court upheld that segregation was....
the for runner group to the NAACP
What was Homer Plessy a member of?
Citizens' Committee to test the Constitutionality of the Separate Car Law
The Civil Rights Act (1964) and the Voting Rights Act (1965)
These two acts were passed by the Johnson administration because African Americans were not being afforded the protection of their basic rights
14th; banned discrimination in voting, employment, and public accommodations
What amendment did The Civil Rights Act of 1964 strengthened and what did it ban?
to overturn Jim Crow laws in the southern states
What was the Civil Rights designed to do?