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a perception of inconsistency, sometimes humorous, in which the significance and understanding of a statement or event is changed by its context
the audience or reader knows more about a character's situation than the character does and knows that the character's understanding is incorrect
the use of a naïve hero, whose incorrect perceptions differ from the reader's correct ones
a story that is only partly true (or completely false) about a real or fictional character. Legends usually include exaggerations and unusual events or circumstances
a comparison of two things that are basically dissimilar in which one is described in terms of the other
the transference of stories, songs, etc., from one generation to another or from one culture to another
a figure of speech in which an object, abstract idea, or animal is given human characteristics
an object, person, or place that has a meaning in itself and that also stands for something larger than itself, usually an idea or concept; some concrete thing which represents an abstraction
the central or dominant idea behind the story; the most important aspect that emerges from how the book treats its subject
a serious work, usually a play, in which the main character experiences defeat, brought about by a tragic flaw
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