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US History 9th-12th Chapter 8
Terms in this set (47)
What Judiciary Act established the supremacy of the federal courts over the states?
The Judiciary Act of 1789
What group says that specified ends justify unspecified means?
Who proposed that America "steer clear of permanent alliances, with any portion of the foreign world"?
What war with France was never officially declared?
The "Quasi War"
George Washington established the nation's first ___?
Thomas Jefferson was the first head of what?
The Department of State
Who was the first secretary of treasury?
Who introduced the first ten amendments that became the Bill of Rights?
Who was America's best-known frontiersman?
John Adams was the second person to hold what office?
The president of the United States
What are the department heads who advise the president called?
What is funding?
Paying debt with bonds that are to be recognized as currency.
What is assumption?
The national government's taking over all state debts.
What is someone who allows great flexibility in interpreting the Constitution called?
What is someone who allows little flexibility in interpreting the Constitution called?
The party that supported the common people and favored a small, limited government
The party that supported industry, a growing centralized government, and rule by property owners
Independence movement that deteriorated into violence
Plot to bring America into the French war against Britain
America's refusal to take sides in the war between Britain and France
Proclamation of Neutrality
What agreement averted war with Britain
A violent attack against the government over taxes
French seizure of American cargo
America's humiliating peace negotiations with France
Declaration that the states have the right to nullify unconstitutional federal acts
Adam's effort to fill the judiciary with Federalists
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
The Bill of Rights
James Madison suggested in the Virginia Resolutions that states have the right to secede when the federal government acts how?
What did the Judiciary Act of 1801 ensure?
That the Federalists would have a lasting influence on the judiciary.
For locating the national capital in the South, what did the South accept?
Assumption of state debts
The issue which first opened debate over constitutional interpretation was what?
Creation of a national bank
What were the main objectives of the first National Bank?
Issue a unified currency and provide loans to local businesses
What did the Federalists strongly support?
Industry and commerce
Why did the U.S. break the Treaty of Alliance with France?
The French overthrew their old government
What was the main effect of Jay's Treaty?
It averted war with Britain
What caused the Whiskey Rebellion?
Opposition to internal tax
What power did the Alien Acts grant the president?
To expel or imprison immigrants
What power did the Sedition Act grant the president?
To prohibit "treasonous" speech
What did the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions advocate?
For the first few years after it was instituted what court had little power or respect?
The Supreme Court
From what government did the Bill of Rights protect individual liberties?
The National government
What French ambassador unsuccessfully tried to win George Washington over to the French with his charm?
Citizen Genet (Edmond Charles Edouard Genet)
What political party thought that the Jay Treaty was a betrayal?
What Acts passed in in the late 1790s were clearly unconstitutional?
The Alien and Sedition Acts
What two former U.S. Presidents became bitter enemies, but later in life became friends again?
John Adams and Thomas Jefferson
The original executive department, organized by George Washington, consisted of what 3 departments?
The departments of State,Treasury, and War
The Supreme Court was organized, Bill of Rights passed, and executive departments organized were all accomplished during what meeting?
The First Session of Congress
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