Kelly Final Exam (better)
Please Edit! For tests, write objective questions and quotations. Terms- Listed, need definitions Works and authors- DONE Metaphysical poetry test- DONE Romantic poetry test- DONE Great Expectations test- DONE Yeats test- DONE The Importance of Being Earnest test- DONE Portrait test- Finish answers, add quotes! Dubliners- DONE
Terms in this set (160)
Stream of consciousness
a literary style in which a character's thoughts, feelings, and reactions are depicted in a continuous flow uninterrupted by objective description or conventional dialogue
a piece of writing expressing a character's inner thoughts
the approach to art exemplified by (but not restricted to) the Aesthetic Movement; Aesthetic Movement works promote the value of images and beauty over political messages
an experience of a sudden and striking realization
Unity of being
the yoke and the white of an egg- neither exists without the other
a poetic meter approximating to speech, each foot having one stressed syllable followed by a varying number of unstressed ones
An extended or complex metaphor
a technique adopted by writers to present ideas, characters, or places in such a manner that they appeal to more than one sense, like hearing, sight, smell, and touch, at a given time
a metaphor that is extended through multiple stanzas in a poem
The action of mentioning things one at a time 'You crashed the car, you haven't done your homework, you're always drunk..." (usually the speaker is pissed)
A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man
The Good Morrow
A Hymn to God the Father
To His Coy Mistress
The Solitary Reaper
Ode to the West Wind
Percy Bysshe Shelley
Ode on a Grecian Urn
Ode to a Nightingale
The Stolen Child
William Butler Yeats
The Song of Wandering Aengus
William Butler Yeats
When You are Old
William Butler Yeats
No Second Troy
William Butler Yeats
The Second Coming
William Butler Yeats
Sailing to Byzantium
William Butler Yeats
Anthem for Doomed Youth
Who described poetry as the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feeling"?
When did Keats die?
List three characteristics of romantic poetry
Nature as a balm and doorway to knowledge, power of imagination, and glorification of the individual
What is message of "Ode on a Grecian Urn"?
That art allows us to use or imagination. Need imagination to use art. Connection between art and imagination
Which two poets collaborated on "Lyrical Ballads"?
Wordsworth and Coleridge
How do Wordsworth and Keats contrast in their use of nature in their respective poetic works?
Wordsworth extolls the virtues of nature, he sees it as restorative and transcendental. Keats takes nature and makes it perfect in his art. To Keats, natural world can only be made perfect in art.
Term for a three line unit of poetry?
When was Wordsworth born?
What is sensuous imagery?
imagery that stimulates the senses
Which philosophy affirms the existence of abstract objects, which are asserted to "exist" in a "third realm" distinct both from the sensible external world and from the internal world of consciousness?
"Heard melodies are sweet but unheard melodies are sweeter; therefore ye pipes play on/Not to the sensual ear but to the spirit ditties of no tone"
"Ode on a Grecian Urn" by Keats
"Drive my dead thoughts over the universe/Like wither'd leaves, to quicken a new birth/And, by the incantation of this verse/Scatter my words among mankind"
"Ode to the West Wind" by Shelley
"Forlorn! The very word is like a bell/ To toll me back from thee to my sole self...Adieu the fancy cannot cheat so well/As she is fam'd to do"
"Ode to the Nightingale" by Keats
"Thou, silent form, dost tease us out of thought as doth eternity"
"Ode on a Grecian Urn" by Keats
"I saw their starved lips in the gloam/With horrid warning gaped wide/And I awoke and found me here/On the cold hill's side"
"La Belle Dame san Merci" by Keats
"But oft, in lonely rooms, and 'mid the din/Of towns and cities, I have owed to them/In hours of weariness, sensations sweet/Felt in the blood and felt along the heart/And passing even into my purer mind/With tranquil restoration"
"Tintern Abbey" by Wordsworth
"We are laid asleep/In body, and become a living soul/While with an eye made quiet by the power/Of harmony, and the deep power of joy/We see into the life of things"
"Tintern Abbey" by Wordsworth
"I listen'd, motionless and still/And, as I mounted up the hill/The music in my heart I bore/Long after it was heard no more"
"The Solitary Reaper" by Wordsworth
Which poet was also dean of St. Paul's Cathedral, London?
What is a conceit?
An extended or complex metaphor
In which poem does the poet declare, "If ever any beauty did I see, / Which I desired, and got, 'twas but a dream of thee."?
The Good Morrow
When did Marvell die?
What is the subject matter for many of Donne's poems?
Humans' and God's relationship, trust and friendship, the human condition
Which metaphysical poet came to realize that his relationship with God was radically unequal?
"For love all live of other sights controls, / And makes one little room an everywhere."
The Good Morrow, John Donne. It means that a deep love such as his affects his perceptions.
Though use make you apt to kill me / Let not to that self-murder added be / And sacrilege, three sins in killing three."
The Flea, John Donne. Speaking to his lover (to be), he is trying to convince her to concede. According to him, she will lose no more honor in the act than she would from being bitten by a flea.
"Where can we find two better hemispheres / Without sharp north, without declining west?"
The Good Morrow, John Donne. He was referring to the imperfection of the earth's roundness and hopes that they can have a better relationship.
"Forsake thy cage / Thy rope of sands / Which pettie thoughts have made, and made to they good cable."
The Collar, George Herbert. He feels that his priest's collar is choking him and that he should forsake it.
But at my back I always her / Time's winged chariot hurrying near / And yonder all before us lie deserts of vast eternity."
To His Coy Mistress, Andrew Marvell. His mistress is being coy but he wants to go ahead and have sex with her because her beauty won't last forever.
"I have a sin of fear, that when I have spun my last thread, I shall perish on the shore / But swear by Thyself that at my death Thy Son shall shine as He shines now and heretofore; And having done that, Thou hast done / I fear no more."
A Hymn to God the Father, John Donne. He says that he will swear himself to God and fear no more. He will return to Catholicism.
Which poet liked to examine the dichotomies present in life?
When did Donne die?
When did Marvell die?
art for art's sake; art should exist for it's own sake, not for political goals
When and where was Wilde born?
Which character observes that they "live in an age of ideals"?
Algernon may not play the piano well but he does play it with what quality?
How does Algernon first become aware of Cecily?
Sees her name on cigarette case
Lady Bracknell refuses to allow her family, particularly Gwendolen, to form and alliance with what item?
a parcel (or a handbag)
Who is Bunbury?
Algernon's fake brother that he uses as an excuse to miss social gatherings
Miss Prism lost Jack by replacing him with what item in the perambulator?
Three volume novel
Why does Gwendolen carry a diary with her on her travels
One must always have something exciting to read on a train
Of what non-hereditary ailment did Jack's brother die?
a severe chill
Why is February 14th an important date in Cecily's diary?
it was the day she was engaged to Algernon
Why was Algernon not on first name terms with his father?
His father died before he was born
"Really, if the lower orders don't set us a good example, what on earth is the use of them?"
Algernon- inversion- regarding marriage after Lane left.
"The absence of old friends one can endure with equanimity. But even a momentary separation from anyone to whom one has just been introduced is almost unbearable."
Cecily- inversion- speaking to Algernon just after they were actually engaged, said after his carriage pulled up.
"If I am occasionally a little over-dressed, I make up for it by being always immensely over-educated."
Algernon- absurdity- said when Jack first comes to him in Jack's garden in Hertfordshire.
"Few parents nowadays pay any regard to what their children say to them. The old-fashioned
respect for the young is fast dying out."
Gwendolen- inversion- said after Lady Bracknell declined to permit her marriage with Jack.
"Gwendolen- Cecily- it is very painful for me to be forced to speak the truth. It is the first time in my life that I have ever been reduced to such a painful position, and I am really quite inexperienced in doing anything of the kind."
Jack- absurdity- speaking to Gwendolen and Cecily after they discovered his and Algernon's lies.
"My dear fellow, the truth isn't quite the sort of thing one tells a sweet, refined girl. What extraordinary ideas you have about the way to behave to a woman!"
Jack- mocking Victorian morality- speaking to Algernon, excuse for lies.
"The line is immaterial. Mr. Worthing, I confess I feel somewhat bewildered by what you have just told me. To be born, or at any rate bred, in a hand-bag, whether it had handles or not, seems to me to display a contempt for the ordinary decencies of family life that reminds one of the worst excesses of the French Revolution. I presume you know what that unfortunate movement led to?
Lady Bracknell- mocking Victorian morality- said to Jack as she interrogated him after his proposal.
"In matters of grave importance, style, not sincerity, is the important thing."
Gwendolen- inversion- said to Cecily about his reason for first meeting her.
"All women become like their mothers. That is their tragedy. No man does. That's his."
Algernon- absurdity- said to Jack after Jack asks if Gwendolen will become like her mother.
"I do not approve of anything that tampers with natural ignorance. Ignorance is like a delicate exotic fruit; touch it and the bloom is gone. The whole theory of modern education is radically unsound. Fortunately in England, at any rate, education produces no effect whatsoever."
Lady Bracknell- mocking Victorian ideals- said to Jack
Who "had such a prevailing redness of skin that I sometimes used to wonder whether it was possible she washed herself with a nutmeg-grater instead of soap?"
Who "could not be like Estella,-but was pleasant and wholesome and sweet-tempered?"
What are the terms of Pip's receiving his "great expectations"?
He can not know the name of his benefactor, has to keep the name Pip
At the beginning of chapter 34, Pip confesses that his growing accustomed to his expectations has wrought some changes on him. What kind of changes?
He has become prideful and greedy
Who is a compound of "pride, avarice, brutality and meanness"?
What is ironic about Estella's origins/background?
She is the daughter of a convict and a prostitute
What is the gist of the conversation between Pip and Biddy concerning his coming down often to visit Joe after Mrs Joe's funeral?
Biddy questions whether Pip really intends to come visit Joe; Pip gets offended
Who "was of a wooden appearance, and was, like her escort, in the post-office branch of the service."?
Who was "loose-limbed swarthy fellow of great strength, never in a hurry, and always slouching."?
According to the narrator, of what is it a most miserable thing to be ashamed?
Which vanity had become a mania for Miss Havisham?
Vanity of sorrow
According to the adults assembled around the Christmas feast at the beginning of the novel, Pip must always be grateful to those who did what?
Brought him up by hand
Meteorological conditions in London when Magwitch reveals that he is Pip's benefactors?
stormy and wet
"He says, no varnish can hide the grain of the wood; and that the more varnish you put on, the more the grain will express itself"
Herbert to Pip about how true character cannot be hidden
"Naturally," said I.
"And necessarily," she added, in a haughty tone; "what was fit company for you once, would be quite unfit company for you now"
Estalla to Pip about how Pip's friends will change due to his change in fortune
"Pip, dear old chap, life is made of ever so many partings welded together, as I may say and one man's a blacksmith, and one's a whitesmith, and one's a goldsmith, and one's a coppersmith. Diwisions among such must come."
Joe to Pip explaining how they have taken different paths in life, and that though they cannot be together socially, they will continue to be friends.
"For now my repugnance to him had all melted away, and in the hunted, wounded, shackled creature who held my hand in his, I only saw a man who had meant to be my benefactor, and who had felt affectionately, gratefully, and generously, towards me with great constancy through a series of years. I only saw in him a much better man than I had been to Joe."
Pip reflecting on how his relationship with the convict has evolved
"If you had taught her, from the dawn of intelligence, with your utmost energy and might, that there was such a thing as daylight, but that it was made to be her enemy and destroyer, and she must always turn against it, for it had blighted you and would else blight her- if you had done this, and then, for a purpose, had wanted her to take naturally to the daylight and she could not do it, you would have been disappointed and angry? ..."So" said Estella, "I must be taken as I have been made. The success is not mine, the failure is not mine, but the two together make me."
Estella telling Miss Havisham that the emotionless monster that Estella has become is a product of how Miss Havisham raised her
"Out of my thoughts! You are part of my existence, part of myself. You have been in every line I have ever read, since I first came here, the rough common boy whose poor heart you wounded even then. you have been in every prospect I have ever seen since - on the river, on the sails of the ships, on the marshes, in the clouds, in the light, in the darkness, in the wind, in the woods, in the streets. You have been the embodiment of every graceful fancy that my mind has ever become acquainted with. Estella, to the last hour of my life, you cannot choose but remain part of my character, part of the little good in me, part of the evil. But, in this separation I associate you only with the good, and I will faithfully hold you to that always, for you must have done me far more good that harm, let me feel now what sharp distress I may. O God bless you, God forgive you!"
Pip to Estella; This is a moment of generosity, one of the few redeeming moments we see from Pip. Even though his heart is broken, he forgives Estella. This is also Pip's definition of love, which contrasts Miss Havisham's definition of love (featured in other quote on this quizlet)
"I would not have gone back to Joe now, I would not have gone back to Biddy now, for any consideration; simply, I suppose, because my sense of my own worthless conduct to them was greater than every consideration. No wisdom on earth could have given me the comfort that I should have derived from their simplicity and fidelity; but I could never, never, undo what I had done"
Pip feels guilty about how his transformation into a prideful gentleman has damaged his relationship with Joe and Biddy
"Hear me, Pip! I adopted her to be loved. I bred her and educated her to be loved. I developed her into what she is, that she might be loved. Love her!" ...
"I'll tell you," said she, in the same hurried passionate whisper, "what real love is. It is blind devotion, unquestioning self-humiliation, utter submission, trust and belief against yourself and against the whole world, giving up your whole hear and soul to the smiter- as I did!"
Miss Havisham to Pip about how she raised Estella. Miss Havisham has Estella practice crushing the hearts of men on Pip
"Do you want to be a gentleman, to spite her or to gain her over? Because, if it is to spite her, I should think - but you know best - that might be better and more independently done by caring nothing for her words. And if it is to gain her over, I should think - but you know best - she was not worth gaining over."
Biddy offers Pip advice on his relationship with Estella
What promise does the boy in Araby make to the girl?
To bring her something from the bazaar
On the morning of the bazaar in Araby, what is the condition of the air and what is contained in the boy's heart?
The air was pitilessly raw and already my heart misgave me.
What is a "West Brit"?
An Irish man who willingingly seeks English cultural influences.
What is Gabriel's epiphany in The Dead?
That he is a part of Ireland and the Irish people. Like the snow, he is connected to all the Irish, living and dead.
What is the name of the song sung by Bartell D'Arcy in The Dead?
The Lass of Aughrim
According to Gabriel, of what should the Irish race be justly proud?
What is the condition of the snow in The Dead?
"Gazing up into the darkness I saw myself as a creature driven and derided by vanity;
and my eyes burned with anguish and anger."
"I imagined that I bore my chalice safely through a throng of foes. Her name sprang to
my lips at moments in strange prayers and praises which I myself did not understand. My
eyes were often full of tears (I could not tell why) and at times a flood from my heart
seemed to pour itself out into my bosom. I thought little of the future. I did not know
whether I would ever speak to her or not or, if I spoke to her, how I could tell her of my
confused adoration. But my body was like a harp and her words and gestures were like
fingers running upon the wires."
Araby - romantic nature of the boy/infatuation
"She leaned for a moment on his arm in getting out of the cab and while standing at the curbstone, bidding the others good- night. She leaned lightly on his arm, as lightly as when she had danced with him a few hours before. He had felt proud and happy then, happy that she was his, proud of her grace and wifely carriage. But now, after the kindling again of so many memories, the first touch of her body, musical and strange and perfumed, sent through him a keen pang of lust. Under cover of her silence he pressed her arm closely to his side; and, as they stood at the hotel door, he felt that they had escaped from their lives and duties, escaped from home and friends and run away together with wild and radiant hearts to a new adventure."
"He was trembling now with annoyance. Why did she seem so abstracted? He did not
know how he could begin. Was she annoyed, too, about something? If she would only
turn to him or come to him of her own accord! To take her as she was would be brutal.
No, he must see some ardour in her eyes first. He longed to be master of her strange
"Gabriel felt humiliated by the failure of his irony and by the evocation of this figure
from the dead, a boy in the gasworks. While he had been full of memories of their secret
life together, full of tenderness and joy and desire, she had been comparing him in her
mind with another. A shameful consciousness of his own person assailed him. He saw
himself as a ludicrous figure, acting as a pennyboy for his aunts, a nervous, well-meaning
sentimentalist, orating to vulgarians and idealising his own clownish lusts, the pitiable
fatuous fellow he had caught a glimpse of in the mirror. Instinctively he turned his back
more to the light lest she might see the shame that burned upon his forehead."
"I think he died for me," she answered. A vague terror seized Gabriel at this answer,
as if, at that hour when he had hoped to triumph, some impalpable and vindictive being
was coming against him, gathering forces against him in its vague world. But he shook
himself free of it with an effort of reason and continued to caress her hand. He did not
question her again, for he felt that she would tell him of herself."
"A few light taps upon the pane made him turn to the window. It had begun to snow
again. He watched sleepily the flakes, silver and dark, falling obliquely against the
lamplight. The time had come for him to set out on his journey westward. Yes, the
newspapers were right: snow was general all over Ireland. It was falling on every part of
the dark central plain, on the treeless hills, falling softly upon the Bog of Allen and,
farther westward, softly falling into the dark mutinous Shannon waves. It was falling, too,
upon every part of the lonely churchyard on the hill where Michael Furey lay buried. It
lay thickly drifted on the crooked crosses and headstones, on the spears of the little gate,
on the barren thorns. His soul swooned slowly as he heard the snow falling faintly
through the universe and faintly falling, like the descent of their last end, upon all the
living and the dead."
"Better pass boldly into that other world, in the full glory of some passion, than fade
and wither dismally with age."
When was Yeats born?
Which three locations, areas in which Yeats lived, feature in Yeats' poetry?
London, Sligo, Dublin
From which three main sources did Yeats draw on for imagery?
The natural world, Irish mythology, Ireland as feminine
Name of Yeats' unrequited love?
In the poem, "The Stolen Child", how is conflict created?
The child is naturally in his home of Earth, the natural world. The fairies want to take him to the supernatural world, which is like the natural world but with pleasure.- Edit, only got 1/2 credit
What twin pursuits, other than his desire for his unrequited love, feature as themes in Yeats' poetry?
Search for the confirmation of an afterlife, search for harmony/unity of being
Which American poet and critic helped shape Yeats as a modernist?
In his poem "The Second Coming", what, according to Yeats, "cannot hold"?
"Come from the holy fire, perne in a gyre/And be the singing masters of my soul"
Sailing to Byzantium- absorbing Yeats into art world
"Away with us he's going/The solemn-eyed/He'll hear no more the lowing/Of the calves on the warm hillside/Or the kettle on the hob/Sing peace into his breast/Or see the brown mice bob/Round and round the oatmeal chest."
The Stolen Child- The fairies will take the child away where he will have pleasure but not home.
"The darkness drops again but now I know/That twenty centuries of stony sleep/Were vexed to nightmare by a rocking cradle/And what rough beast, its hour come round at last/Slouches toward Bethlehem to be born?"
The Second Coming- It is time for the gyre to change. Good Jesus came last time, bad Jesus will come this time.
"But one man loved the pilgrim soul in you/And loved the sorrows of your changing face."
When You Are Old- Yeats was the only one who loved her for who she was and her pure soul.
"Why, what could she have done being what she is?/Was there another Troy for her to burn?"
No Second Troy- It was not Maud Gonne's fault that she broke him. She, like Helen of Troy, was too beautiful.
"Unless soul clap its hands and sing, and louder sing/For every tatter in its mortal dress,/Nor is there singing school but studying/Monuments of its own magnificence."
Sailing to Byzantium- There is no proof of a soul.
What instruction does Stephen's father give him on his first day of school?
Never peach on a fellow.
What stirs in Stephen's soul in chapter 2?
A cold and cruel and loveless lust.
Which heavenly body's symbols are a dove and a mighty wind?
For whom does Dante keep two brushes?
Maroon velvet: Michael Davitt
Green Velvet: Parnell
How has Stephen amended his life at the end of chapter 4? Is it now wholesome?
He has realized who he is. He is no longer lustful and sinful. He is wholesome. Given half credit, please edit!
What reigns in Stephen's soul at the beginning of chapter 3?
A cold, lucid indifference.
On it being suggested to him that he consider the priesthood, how does Stephen first react?
A flame began to flutter on Stephen's cheek as he felt in this proud address an echo of his own proud musings.
List the 6 physical torments of Hell.
Straitness, stench, company of the damned, the devils themselves, fire, exterior darkness
List the spiritual torments of Hell.
Pains of loss, conscience, extension, intensity, and the eternity of Hell.
Into what condition was Stephen's soul fattening at the beginning of chapter 3?
A gross grease!
What are the three elements needed for art to be beautiful or aesthetically pleasing?
Wholeness, Harmony, and Radiance
What two types of emotion does Stephen say are present in art and inferior are respectively?
Kinetic and Static
What three tools does Stephen say he will use to fight the snares of the world?
Exile, silence, cunning
What, according to Stephen, is art?
The human disposition of sensible or intelligible mater for an aesthetic end
What does Stephen promise "to forge in the smithy of his soul"?
The unrealized conscience of his race- 1/2 credit, please edit
According to Stephen, there are three types of literary art - what are they and which one is the most sublime?
Epical, lyrical, dramatic (most sublime is dramatic)
For what does Stephen "weep"?
The loss of his innocence
Of what can we be "sure of in this stinking dunghill of a world"?
A mother's love
Who thinks Stephen has a queer mind and reads too much?