Chapter 13 Section 5
Terms in this set (13)
A Polish scholar credited with the heliocentric model of the universe. He published this belief in On the Revolution of the Heavenly Spheres.
The model of the universe in which earth and the planets rotate around the sun. It was created by Copernicus.
A Danish astronomer. He provided evidence that supported Copernicus's heliocentric model. He set up an astronomical observatory to examine the sky for proof.
A German astronomer and mathematician that uses Brahe's data to calculate the planet's orbital path. He proved that the plants orbit in an ellipse.
An Italian astronomer. He assembled a telescope that led him to discover Jupiter has moons that orbited much like the earth orbits the sun. After announcing this, he is condemned by the church. He is eventually tried before the Inquisition and is put in house arrest for the rest of my life.
The English giant of the scientific revolution. He rejected Aristotles assumptions and argued that truth is known at the end of inquiry, not the beginning.
The French giant of the scientific revolution. He rejected Aristotles assumptions and argued that truth is known at the end of inquiry, not the beginning. He emphasizes human reasoning in the Discourse on Method. "I think, therefore I am".
A precise process used confirm and prove/disprove hypothesis. It required scientists to collect and measure data.
An educated guess accepted for the purpose of scientific explanation. People would test them to further prove their observation or experiment.
An English chemist that refined the alchemists view of chemicals. He explained that all matter is made of predictable particles.
He theorized how the planets move and how gravity works using mathematics. He wrote books about his theories which still hold true today.
A force discovered by Newton. He allegedly discovered it by watching an apple falling from a tree. He says this is the explanation behind the planets and the orbit.
A form of mathematics discovered by Newton to explain his laws. It is still used today.
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