Key Concepts:

Terms in this set (24)

1. Democratic Party's nomination in 1912 and lead America through WWII
2. how the various committees, subcommittees, select committees, and conference committees result in a distribution of power
3. Our government is one by the Chairman of the Standing Committees of Congress
4. Congress in session is Congress on public exhibition, Congress in its committee-rooms is Congress at work
5. The Speaker of the House stands near to leadership, but his will is not the only power in legislation; he appoints the leaders of the House, but he is not himself its leader
6. Leaders of the House = chairmen of the Standing Committees
7. Each committee is guided by a special leader and goes its own way as its own pace.
8. Newly elected members experiences difficulty in having his voice and opinions heard; without title
9. New members represent a particular line of policy; finds opportunity and means denied him
10. His only safe day is Monday when members may introduce bills as their states are reached in the call of which there is active competition
11. For even a long congressional session is too short to afford the time to a full consideration of all the reports of the forty-seven Committees
12. The only specially privileged committees: Printing and Elections, Ways and Means, and Appropriations
13. Congress only attends subjects of revenue and supply, all other committees are given to the standing committees.
14. Standing Committees dictate the course to e taken, prescribing the decisions of the House not only, but measuring out, the opportunities for debate and deliberation
1. A.H. = first secretary of the Treasury
2. Although executive powers were to be in the hands of a single chief executive as they had been in Great Britain, the similarities to King George ended right here
3. "One can perform alone what the other can do only with the concurrence of a branch of the legislature."
4. Great Britain = hereditary monarch
5. The person of the king of Great Britain is sacred and inviolable while President of America would stand upon no better ground than a governor of NY, and upon worse ground than the governors of Maryland and Delaware.
6. The president only has occasional command of the militia whereas the King of GB has at all times the command of the all the militia = The president's power is inferior to the monarch or governor
7. President is commander in chief and the army and navy = same as GB but in substance inferior
8. King can dissolve the Parliament, the President cannot
9. The president with the advice and consent of the Senate can make treaties, but the King is the sole and absolute representative of the nation
10. President is to appoint ambassadors and other public ministers and all officers established by law
11. The president is elected by the people; The king is a perpetual and hereditary prince
12. The president does not have the power to declare war or raise and regulate fleets by his own authority, the King does. The King is supreme head and governor of the national church, can coin money, has no rules concerning commerce, and is the sole possessor of power to make treaties
1. President wield considerably more power when making decisions in the area of foreign policy than in domestic policy = two presidencies
2. Because of the greater need and speed, Presidents have been easier able to exercise power in foreign policy than domestic (Since WWII)
3. Roosevelt, Truman, Eisenhower, and Kenney faced great difficulties with domestic legislation
4. The Marshall plan, NATO, Truman Doctrine, Indochina, Vietnam, Poland, and Yugoslavia relations were successful areas of foreign policy
5. Small causes have potentially great effects so Presidents must be interested in "small" matters (Cuban Missile Crisis)
6. Vietnam situation illustrates another problem of public opinion: it is difficult to get operational policy directions from the general public
7. Congressmen exercise power in foreign affairs, but they do not think it their job to determine the nation's defense policies
8. Military's participation in making defense policy is weak (since WWII); Stalin and modern technology helped increase the defense budget
9. Giant industrial firms that are so dependent on defense contracts play a large part in making policy
10. State Department: Kennedy dealt with every aspect of policy and did not want a man who might rival him in foreign affairs
11. Controlling foreign affairs is achieved by anticipating the reactions of others and eliminating proposals that would run into severe opposition
12. Presidents engaged in world politics are immensely more concerned with meeting problems on their own terms.
1. FDR came to office with plans for a New Deal, a set of policies that saw government as having responsibility for minimizing economic inequalities, regulating business and the free market, and promoting programs for the welfare of individuals
2. "The freedom and opportunity that have characterized American development in the past can be maintained if we recognize the fact that the individual system of our day calls for the collaboration of all of us to provide security for all of us."
3. Past leaders assumed that there was a guarantee of final accomplishment for the people of this country and that the grim specter of insecurity and want among the great masses would never haunt this land of plenty as it had widely visited other portions of the world
4. Your task is to lift from the shoulders of the American people some of the burdens that the mistakes of a past generation have placed there
5. We have been compelled to unlearn the superstition that the American soil all alone and unhelped by the cooperative efforts of Government-could withstand and repel every form of economic disarrangement or crisis
6. Few people considered that the gov. had responsibility for sanitation, for safety devices, for preventing child labor and night work for woman, when I was first a member of the NY State Legislature, a number of the younger members of the Legislature worked against these old conditions. Those of us who joined in this movement in the legislature were called reformers, socialists, and wild men.
7. Government cooperation to help make the system of free enterprise work is entirely consistent with the best tradition of America
1. The doctrinal question is not whether there should be an economic safety net, but how large it should be; not whether there should be government regulation of business, but how much of it.
2. Deregulations: the lifting of restrictions which government rules have been established
3. Deregulation began with Jimmy Carter: Republicans - supported it because they were hostile toward government interference. Democrats - supported it because greater market competition could reduce consumer prices
4. Milton Friedman is the conservative economist leading proponent of deregulation
5. The center of his work is to defend a free market - as a system of economic freedom fro a necessary condition for political freedom
6. The organismic "what you can do for your country" implies that the government is the master, the citizen, the servant or the votary. To the free man, the government is a means, an instrumentality, neither a grantor of favors and gifts nor a master or god to be blindly worshipped and served.
7. The government must be limited. Its major function must be to protect our freedom both from the enemies outside our gates and from our fellow-citizens; to preserve law and order, to enforce private contracts, to foster competitive markets.
8. The government must be dispersed; If I do not like what my state does, I can move to another.
9. The power to do good is also the power to do harm
10. Liberalism has come to have a very different meaning than it did in the 19th century. 18th-19th century: freedom was the ultimate goal and the individual the ultimate entity in the society. Late 19th century: came to be associated with a very different emphasis...the catchwords became welfare and equality rather than freedom. 20th century: favors a revival of the very policies of state intervention and paternalism against which classical liberalism fought.
11. The 19th-century liberal favored political decentralization; the 20th-century liberal favors centralized government