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72 terms

Wordly Wise 12 Vocab Lessons 1-8

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Exemplar
An example or a model, especially an ideal one
Subsume
To encompass in a larger or more comprehensive group; to include
Nihilism
A viewpoint that denies any meaning or value to life
Dichotomy
Division into two distinct parts or groups
Inchoate
Not fully formed or realized
Vitiate
To impair or weaken
Mèlange
A mix of dissimilar materials
Ratify
To approve, confirm, or verify
Animus
An attitude or spirit within a person that influences that person; deep-seated ill will
Abjure
To renounce or give up formally
Variegated
Varied as to form, type, or color
Nefarious
Very wicked
Herculean
Of extraordinary size, power, or difficulty
Precursor
A person or thing that comes before and indicates the approach of another; a forerunner
Prototype
A person or thing that serves as an example of its kind; an original
Dolorous
Causing or marked by pain, misery, or sorrow
Genealogy
The history of a family and how its members are related to one another; also the study of such families
Insidious
Seemingly harmless while actually being dangerous; treacherous and deceptive; spreading harmfully in a subtle or gradual way
Endemic
Widespread or peculiar among a certain place or among a certain people
Fecund
Producing or capable of producing many offspring; intellectually or artistically productive; creative
Cognitive
Relating to mental processes, such as awareness, remembering, and reasoning
Dissertation
A lengthy, usually written discussion of a topic, often for a college or a university degree
Appurtenance
An item of equipment; an accessory
Recourse
Turning to someone or something for aid; a source of help or support
Vendetta
A blood feud; a prolonged and bitter feud
Paroxysm
A sudden, violent , and uncontrollable action or occurrence
Rectitude
High moral character
Fealty
Faithfulness; allegiance
Stultify
To render useless or ineffectual; to weaken
Microcosm
A small system that operates or develops like a larger system; a mini world!
Stratagem
A clever scheme for gaining an end
Archaic
Relating to or belonging to an earlier time
Risible
Provoking or causing laughter
Bourgeois
The middle class or a member of the middle class; very concerned with middle class values and concerns, with an inclination toward mediocrity; reflecting mediocrity
Mandate
A clear command or instruction; to require or order
Iconoclast
One who attacks established beliefs, customs and institutions
Ostensible
Only seemingly so; apparent
Empirical
Based on experience or observation as opposed to theory; capable of being confirmed by observation
Indigence/Indigent
An extreme level of poverty; with no means of support
Recalcitrant
Unwilling to accept another's authority; stubbornly defiant
Nostrum
A medicine or remedy whose effectiveness has a not been proven
Obviate
To prevent or make unnecessary; to get rid of
Savant
A person with detailed knowledge in a specified field
Putative
Commonly accepted or supposed; assumed to exist
Inebriated
Deprived of good sense of judgement, especially as a result of drinking alcohol
Charlatan
One who falsely claims knowledge or ability
Decry
To criticize strongly; to denounce
Waive
To give up as a right; to forgo
Imbibe
To consume by drinking; to absorb or take in mentally
Perennial
Lasting indefinitely or recurring; a plant that lasts 3+ years
Quadrennial
Occurring every four years; lasting four years
Aspersion
A defamatory expression; slander
Internecine
Marked by slaughter; mutually destructive; relating to conflict in a group
Invoke
To appeal to earnestly; to cite in justification
Hiatus
An interruption or a gap in space, continuity, and time
Absolve
To clear of guilt, or to free from a promise or a responsibility
Elan
A lively spirit with a distinctive style
Protagonist
The chief character in a drama or a story
Bibulous
Given to the consumption of alcoholic drinks; highly absorbent
Prescience
Foresight; knowledge beforehand of events
Sedulous
Completed with careful perseverance; diligent
Encomium
An expression of warm and enthusiastic praise; a tribute
Obdurate
Resistant to persuasion; inflexible; persistent in wrongdoing
Trenchant
Expressed with vigor and penetrating insight; keenly perceptive
Delineate
To describe vividly and in detail; to draw an outline of; to represent by drawing
Coalesce
To grow together; to unite to form a whole
Covert
Not openly acknowledged; secret
Actuate
To cause to put into mechanical motion; to cause to take action
Brackish
Made up of a mixture of freshwater and saltwater; having an unpleasant taste
Eschew
To stay away from; to shun, especially on practical or moral grounds
Misapprehend
To fail to understand correctly
Bivouac
A temporary camp or shelter; (v.) to stay in such a camp