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Review for Final Spring 2019
Terms in this set (63)
A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
The process of supplying water to areas of land to make them suitable for growing crops.
A theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
A belief that emphasizes faith and optimism in human potential and creativity
A mechanical device for transferring text or graphics from a woodblock or type to paper using ink. Presses using movable type first appeared in Europe in about 1450.
the power struggle between the Soviet Union and the United States after World War II
A disease that engulfed Europe during the Middle Ages. It killed about one-third of the population and was carried by fleas. Because of this, the feudal system died out.
Massacre of 133 slaves by crew men of slave ship Zong to collect insurance and save supplies
The recognition of Aboriginal land claims and the right to continue to hunt and fish on their traditional lands.
The period of Japanese history from 1867 to 1912, during which the country was ruled by Emperor Mutsuhito.
The development of industries for the machine production of goods.
Movement of people from rural areas to cities
The process of reforming political, military, economic, social, and cultural traditions in imitation of the early success of Western societies, often with regard for accommodating local traditions in non-Western societies.
the process by which businesses or other organizations develop international influence or start operating on an international scale.
Duck and Cover
Schoolchildren practiced crawling under their desks and putting their hands over their heads to protect themselves from an atomic bomb attack.
Trenches of WWI
"Men drowning in shell-holes already filled with decaying flesh, wounded men, beyond help from behind the wire, dying over a number of days, their cries audible, and often unbearable to those in the trenches; sappers buried alive beneath its surface." -- Fran Brearton, The Great War in Irish Poetry: W.B. Yeats to Michael Longley
A Communist nation, consisting of Russia and 14 other states, that existed from 1922 to 1991.
ruled by the people. In a democracy, citizens elect representatives to make and carry out laws.
the organization and training of civilians for the protection of lives and property during and after attacks in wartime.
Why was the printing press important to the Renaissance?
"It is a press, certainly, but a press from which shall flow in inexhaustible streams...Through it, God will spread His Word. A spring of truth shall flow from it: like a new star it shall scatter the darkness of ignorance, and cause a light heretofore unknown to shine amongst men"
― Johannes Gutenberg
Why was the Renaissance called the original Information Age?
More access to books meant the Renaissance has been described as the original "Information Age."
Line of Demarcation
This was the line drawn by Alexander VI that gave Portugal most of Brazil and Spain the rest of South America
Treaty of Tordesillas (1494)
Signed by Spain and Portugal, dividing the territories of the New World. Spain received the bulk of territory in the Americas, compensating Portugal with titles to lands in Africa and Asia.
A navigational technique best to use over short distances, like if you're sailing from port to port along a coastline
A clock that is precise and accurate enough to be used as a portable time standard. It can be used to determine longitude by means of celestial navigation. The first true chronometer was developed by John Harrison.
Egyptian Rival that threatened to take control of Syria before the Battle of Megiddo fought by Thutmose, at which they were defeated. Amenhotep III then married their Princess to cement the peace.
Egyptian pharaoh, he died while still a young king. The discovery of his tomb in 1922 has taught archaeologists much about Egyptian culture.
information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.
Class of warriors in feudal Japan who pledged loyalty to a noble in return for land.
one of the great lords who were vassals of the shogun.
Asian Americans that served in the military during World War II
British West Indies
Were the islands in and around the Caribbean that were part of the British Empire. In 1912, the British West Indies were divided into eight colonies: The Bahamas, Barbados, British Guiana, British Honduras, Jamaica (with its dependencies the Turks and Caicos Islands and the Cayman Islands), Trinidad and Tobago, the Windward Islands and the Leeward Islands.
Book of Negroes
Historical document that records names and descriptions of 3,000 Black Loyalists, the African-American slaves who escaped to the British lines during the American Revolution and were evacuated to points in Nova Scotia as free people of colour.
An international movement that between approximately 1780 and 1890 succeeded in condemning slavery as morally repugnant and abolishing it in much of the world; the movement was especially prominent in Britain and the United States.
Transatlantic Slave Trade
The brutal system of trading African Slaves from Africa to the Americas. It changed the economy, politics, and environment. It affected Africa, Europe, and America. It implies that slaves were used for cash crops and created a whole new economy.
"Long 20th Century"
Short Twentieth Century
Period between WWI and the cold war (1914-1991)
A period of rapid growth in the use of machines in manufacturing and production that began in the mid-1700s
1950s; Wisconsin senator claimed to have list of communists in American gov't, but no credible evidence; took advantage of fears of communism post WWII to become incredibly influential; "McCarthyism" was the fearful accusation of any dissenters of being communists
A major influece of the Latin American revolutions because of its successfulness; the only successful slave revolt in history; it is led by Toussaint L'Ouverture.
Leader of the Haitian Revolution. He freed the slaves and gained effective independence for Haiti despite military interventions by the British and French.
A document or physical object which was written or created during the time under study.
A historical account or biography written from personal knowledge or special sources
Information gathered by someone who did not take part in or witness an event
Hawaiian planter "revolt" (1893)
revolt against Hawaii rulers lead by American farmers (minority) assisted by unauthorized American troops, overthrew Queen Liliuokalani
Was a lexifier language. After the migration of plantation workers, English based pidgin was born, combining influences from Tagalog, Japanese, Portuguese, Korean, and Chinese.
Rabbit Proof Fence
fence built in Australia to keep rabbits from eating crops; separated whites and aborigines
Aboriginal Protection Act 1869
enacted in 1869 by the colony of Victoria, Australia gave extensive powers over the lives of Aboriginal people to the government's Board for the Protection of Aborigines, including regulation of residence, employment and marriage.
"rebirth"; following the Middle Ages, a movement that centered on the revival of interest in the classical learning of Greece and Rome
Renaissance writer; formerly a politician, wrote The Prince, a work on ethics and government, describing how rulers maintain power by methods that ignore right or wrong; accepted the philosophy that "the end justifies the means."
The process of reducing in number or completely eliminating a country's nuclear weapons
North Korea and South Korea
Korea was split into north and south after World War II. North Korea became established as a Communist dictatorship by Soviet Union and Red China, after Japan was defeated.
In 1950, North Korea attacked South Korea, starting the Korean War. The United Nations entered the war to defend South Korea. The Soviet Union made the mistake of walking out on the U.N. vote, allowing the measure to pass. Since declaring war was not acceptable without the approval of Congress, President Harry S. Truman declared the fighting a "police action" to allow the entry of American troops. The war resulted in a stalemate, and Korea is still divided to this day.
a sandglass that runs for sixty minutes
A place where people could go in the event of a nuclear war to be protected from radiation
In Confucian thought, one of the virtues to be cultivated, a love and respect for one's parents and ancestors.
Prompted by labor unrest, personal liberties, and elected representatives, this political revolution occurred in 1917 when Czar Nicholas II was murdered and Vladimir Lenin sought control to implement his ideas of socialism.
a political theory advocating state ownership of industry
Universal Basic Income
a model for providing all citizens of a country or other geographic area with a given sum of money, regardless of their income, resources or employment status.
The tactics and strategies used in espionage
fear that communists were working to destroy the American way of life
list of persons who were not hired because of suspected communist ties
an instrument containing a magnetized pointer that shows the direction of magnetic north and bearings from it.
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