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Criminal Law Today Ch. 9
Terms in this set (29)
a general term embracing a wide variety of misconduct by which a person is unlawfully deprived of his or her property.
Crimes of theft are sometimes called this, wrongful acquisition crimes, or crimes of misappropriation since they involve the unlawful acquisition or appropriation of someone else's property.
the trespassory or wrongful taking and carrying away of the personal property of another with intent to steal.
2 Types of Theft
Petty and grand larceny
property that has physical form and can be touched, such as land, goods, jewelry, furniture. Also moveable property that can be taken and carried away.
anything of value that is subject to ownership and that is not land or fixture.
an item that is permanently affixed to the land.
property that has no intrinsic value but that represents something of value.
land and fixtures
for a crime of theft, taking without the consent of the victim. Also includes when a person takes property that is lost, delivered by mistake or mislaid with the intent to keep it.
the trespassory taking and carrying away (as of personal property in the crime of larceny or of the victim in kidnapping)
Claim of right
a defense against a charge of larceny that consists of an honest belief in ownership or right to possession.
the misappropriation of property already in the possession of the defendant. Also the unlawful conversion of the personal property of another by a person to whom it has been entrusted by (or for) its rightful owner.
the unauthorized assumption of the right of ownership. Also a central feature of the crime of embezzlement.
knowingly and unlawfully obtaining title to, and possession of, the lawful property of another by means of deception and with intent to defraud.
is the making of a false written instrument or the material alteration of an existing genuine written instrument.
is the offering, passing, or attempted passing of a forged document with knowledge that the document is false and with intent to defraud.
Receiving stolen property
can be defined as knowingly taking possession of, or control over, property that has been unlawfully stolen from another.
is the unlawful taking of property that is in the immediate possession of another by force or threat of force.
the taking personal property by threat of future harm.
a form of extortion in which a threat is made to disclose a crime or other social disgrace (a secret).
the unauthorized use of another individual's personal identity to fraudulently obtain money, goods, or services; to avoid the payment of debt; or to avoid criminal prosecution.
Breaking and entering of a building, locked automobile, boat, and so on with the intent to commit a felony or theft.
the entering or remaining on the property or in the building of another when entry was forbidden. Also, failing to depart after receiving notice to do so.
the intentional or knowing damage or destruction of the tangible property of another.
burglary committed within an affected geographic area during an officially declared state of emergency or during a local emergency resulting from an earthquake, fire, flood, riot or other disaster.
the knowing and malicious burning of the personal property of another or the burning of one's own property if the purpose is to collect insurance money.
a form of creative endeavor that can be protected through patent, copyright, trademark, or other legal mean.
a crime that employs computer technology as central to its commission and that could not take place without such technology. Known as cybercrime.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
CH 13:Victims and the Law
Criminal Law Today, Fifth Edition, Chapter 1
Criminal Law Today, Fifth Edition, Chapter 2
Criminal Law Today, Fifth Edition, Chapter 3
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