Final Exam Review 2019
Terms in this set (49)
Establishes the Legislative Branch
Establishes the Executive Branch and its powers
establishes the judicial branch of the federal government
defines the relationships between the states
outlines the formal amendment process for the Constitution
Articles of Confederation
weak constitution that government America until the Constitution; establishes only " a firm league of friendship."
the royal charter of political rights given to rebellious English nobles by King John in 1215
7 articles, 27 Amendments
How many Articles and Amendments are in the constitution
English Bill of Rights (1689)
Established freedom from taxation without representation, outlawed cruel and unusual punishment, guaranteed rights of due process.
Many of these same rights are included in the U.S. Constitution.
Declaration of Independence
the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain; consists mainly of a list of complaints against King George
Hamilton, Madison, Jay
Authors of the Federalist Papers
"Father of the Constitution," Federalist leader, and fourth President of the United States.
English philosopher who argued that people have natural rights
Presided over the Constitutional Convention
Wrote the Declaration of Independence
A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
A loose union of independent states
A government controlled by religious leaders
A form of government in which the people select representatives to govern them and make laws.
Great Compromise (Connecticut Compromise)
Plan to have a popularly elected House based on state population and a state-selected Senate, with two members for each state
Written by Hamilton, Madison and Jay; encouraged ratification of the Constitution by New York legislature
-each slave would count for 3/5 of a person for taxation and representation purposes
review by the US Supreme Court of the constitutional validity of a legislative act, a decision by another court, or an action by the executive branch
checks and balances examples
Each branch of government checks the other.
President (executive) can veto laws passed by Congress (legislative), and chooses judges in the Supreme Court (judiciary), Congress can overturn a veto if 2/3 of members vote to do so, Supreme Court can declare laws passed by President/Congress unconstitutional
A belief that ultimate power resides in the people.
government is not all powerful
separation of powers
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, with the legislative branch making law, the executive applying and enforcing the law, and the judiciary interpreting the law
powers of the national government
maintain army and navy, declare war, coin money, regulate trade between states and with foreign nations, make all laws necessary for carrying out delegated powers
Powers of State Government Reserved
-control public education
-protect public health and safety
-establish local governments
-make marriage laws
Powers shared by the national and state governments
tax citizens, make laws
The number of electoral votes needed to win the presidency
an election held to choose candidates for office
election in which voters decide which candidates will actually fill elective public offices
a private meeting of party leaders to choose candidates for office
A group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president
the process by which political parties select their candidates for election to public office
The House of Representatives has how many voting members?
Term of office for a U.S. Representative
number of Senators in the Senate
How long is a Senator's term?
speaker of the house
the leader of the majority party who serves as the presiding officer of the House of Representatives
Sign it. Veto it. Pocket Veto. Let it sit 10 days.
What are 4 things that can happen to a bill once it reaches the President?
chief of state
term for the President as the ceremonial head of the United States, the symbol of all the people of the nation
Commander in Chief
term for the president as commander of the nation's armed forces
A rule issued by the president that has the force of law
Limits the president to two terms.
State of the Union Address
The president's annual statement to Congress and the nation.
dual court system
a court system made up of both federal and state courts
the highest federal court in the United States; the only court mentioned in the Constitution