Chapter 21 SS review
Terms in this set (32)
another name for the Confederate States of America, made up of the 11 states that seceded from the Union
a war between opposing groups of citizens from the same country
an order issued by President Lincoln on January 1, 1863, declaring slaves in the Confederate states to be free
the right of an accused person to appear in court so a judge can determine whether he or she is being imprisoned lawfully
a speech by President Abraham Lincoln in 1863 at the site of the Battle of Gettysburg in memory of the Union soldiers who had died trying to protect the ideals of freedom upon which the nation was founded
a village in Virginia that was the site of the Confederate surrender to Union forces under the command of General Ulysses S. Grant
Appomattox Court House
Commander of the Confederacy, who was not a supported of either slavery or secession, but was loyal to his state of Virginia
Gen. Robert E. Lee
elected president of the Confederacy, and U.S. Senator from Mississippi
Victory for the Confederacy in 1861 and showed the Union that ending the war would not be easy.
1st Battle of Bull Run
Collected valuable information about Union plans to attack Richmond and passed it on to Confederate leaders through a coded message
The Union used the Anacondo Plan, which blocked Southern ports and gained control of the Mississippi River. It was highest death toll and bloodiest war.
Led 15,000 Confederate soldiers in a charge across the low ground of Gettysburg separating the two forces
Gen. George Pickett
Which of these was a Northern advantage at the start of the Civil War?
abundant natural resources
Why did General Lee join the Confederate military?
He felt loyalty to his native Virginia.
Which of these was a Southern advantage at the start of the Civil War?
strong military leadership
What was the significance of the Battle of Bull Run?
It proved that a quick victory was impossible
What was Jefferson Davis's role prior to becoming president of the Confederate States?
He represented Mississippi in the U.S. Senate.
The Union's Anaconda Plan included all of the following strategies except
assassinating the Confederate president.
What did General Lee hope would be the result of sending his troops to fight on Union soil?
A show of strength in Maryland might convince that state to join the Confederacy.
Which of these was the greatest cause of death in the Civil War?
Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation declared that
slaves in Confederate states were free.
Women supported the Civil War cause in all of the following ways except
fighting on the battlefield.
Why was the battle of Gettysburg a turning point of the war?
The loss of troops convinced Lee to never again invade the North.
Which document did Lincoln reference in the Gettysburg Address?
Declaration of Independence
What was the result of the Battle of Vicksburg?
The Union gained control of the Mississippi River.
Which of these was a danger for African American troops who fought for the Union?
If captured, they could be sold into slavery
Which of these describes General Sherman's march through Georgia?
an example of total war
Which of these describes General Grant's terms of surrender at Appomattox Court House?
They were generous so as to avoid further suffering.
How might the distribution of farmland have affected the outcome of the Civil War?
The north could produce more food to feed the people and railroads to move the soldiers. The south had mostly cotton on their farmlands.
Based on the table, why might the North have been better equipped than the South to fight a long war?
The North had more people, farmlands, factories, money and railroads to produce and resupply food, supplies and equipment through a longer battle.
Based on the table, what accounted for the high value of exports in the South?
What factors and events influenced the outcome of the Civil War?
The North cut resources and supplies going to the South by taking control of the Mississippi River and blocking the railways, so the South couldn't resupply their men with food and equipment and eventually the South had to surrender.