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Arts and Humanities
Terms in this set (100)
One God in three Divine an equal persons, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit living in a relationship of perfect self-giving love
What is the Trinity?
the second person of the Blessed Trinity, the son, takes on a human nature
What is the Incarnation?
Jesus Christ, the son of God, rises bodily from the dead and appears and teaches for 40 days afterwards
What is the Resurrection?
Jesus Christ, the son of God, rises bodily from the dead and appears and teaches for 40 days afterwards, ascends with his human nature, by his own power, back to heaven and takes his place at the right hand of the father
What is the Ascension?
Grace is God's Divine Life given to us as a gift to perfect us and unite us to himself. it is essential for humans Beings to have in order for us to be fully human. it heals, transforms, and perfects all our powers of intellect, will, and emotions
What is grace?
sin is an intentional thought, word, or action, that we choose to commit that leads us away from god
What is sin?
the sin of Adam and Eve that caused the loss of grace in their souls and passed on to every human person after them.
What is original sin?
JC's saving work- his suffering, death, resurrection and ascension- that re-established the way for grace to come to us, and opened for us Heaven
What is the Paschal Mystery?
Baptism is necessary for the human soul to be healed of original sin and receive once again. After Baptism, all the sacraments, especially the Eucharist and confession, along with prayer and loving acts give us grace.
How do we get grace?
A saint is a human who becomes fully who they are by allowing grace to heal, transform, and perfect every aspect of themselves.
What is a saint?
Body of Christ. It is the continuation of the presence of JC, and his teaching, and his saving power available to us on earth. "I will be with you always, even until the end of the world"
What is the Church?
What event marks the public beginning of the church?
who is the current pope
a meeting of the Pope all Bishops and leaders of the church throughout the world to discuss/define Doctrine, reaffirm truths and correct misunderstanding. there have been 21 throughout history
What is an ecumenical council?
Vatican Council II (1960's)
which was the most recent ecumenical council?
The teachings authority of the roman Catholic church, especially as exercised by bishops or the pope
What is the Magisterium?
the uninterrupted transmission spiritual authority and Truth from apostles through successive popes, and Bishops, passed on by the laying on the hands
What is Apostolic Succession?
One, Holy, Catholic, Apostolic
What are the 4 marks of the Church?
no, b/c you cannot separate jesus from the church. the church is his body. all the the teachings of the church come from JC
is it possible as a catholic, to say i believe in JC as god, but don't agree with some of the teachings of the church.
Yes, because the church is Christ on earth, and Christ is trustworthy. He is faithful and loving, and his message is true.
Can we trust the Church?
the effects of Pentecost throughout history
What is Church history?
what was the secret network of caves called where the early Christian celebrated mass and buried the dead?
who was the first christian emperor?
Muhammad in 610
Who began Islam? What year?
What year did the Great Schism (split between eastern and western Christians) happen?
Martin Luther in 1517
Who began the Protestant Reformation? what year?
who began religious/ monastic life in the west?
St. Thomas Aquinas
who developed a clear teaching on the relationship between faith and the reason and is considered one of the greatest minds in human history?
St. Catherine of Siena
who helped heal the western schism ( problem of 2 people in the west, one of whom was living in france, rather than rome, italy) of the middle ages by her holy counsel?
Father georges lemaitre, chatholic priest and physicist
who developed the big bang theory in the 1920's
the discipline of Defending of position through the systematic use of information
What is apologetics?
it provides a defense using reason and what we can know from our natural surroundings against atheism, agnosticism, Buddhism, Hinduism, and other religions that do not believe in God
what is natural apologetics?
it provides a reasoned defense for Christianity as compared to Judaism, Islam and other religions that accept God, but deny the Divinity of Christ
what is christian apologetics?
Catholic apostolics explains and defends the Catholic church's position on all matters of faith and morals ask compared to Protestant positions
what is catholic apologetics?
what gospel and chapter from scripture is powerful in defending the eucharist?
a relationship of trust, respect, and prayer for the person.
powerful defenses usually do not change people's minds. your defense of truth must be combined with what?
T/F? all doctrines of the catholic church are supported by sacred scripture.
St. justin martyr
who was one of the first apologists of the church?
false. the truth is a gift we share to give others what is their right as human persons, we are made for truth and we must work on sharing it in a way that others will accept it.
T/F? the truth is a weapon we use to prove others wrong.
you living it. be an authentic witness
what is the best tool for your defense of truth?
the sacrament of initiation where by a person is anointed and sealed with the gift of the holy spirit, to witness, share and defend the faith
What is Confirmation?
Christ's anointing after his baptism in the jordan river
what event in the life of Christ does confirmation come from?
what event in the early church does christ share spirit with his followers
the gift of the holy spirit are deepened within us, and we are given the strength to confess the name of christ boldly and never be ashamed of the cross
what are two effects of the sacrament?
how many gifts of the HS are there?
when the virtues are not enough to fulfill god's will, the HS intervenes and himself carries out the work, using his 7 gifts. he takes charge, personally and directly.
how does the HS work his gifts in us?
necessary for our salvation, and change our human actions into divine actions
the gift of the HS are?
the greek title for the holy spirit that means "advocate" or " one that stands by the side of another" to guide and defend is?
silence and prayer
what is essential in our lives to receive the HS?
the HS moves us by this gift so that we are able to overcome difficulties, avoid dangers, and have confidence. by this gift we gain access to the strength of god
What is the gift of fortitude?
it is the body of teaching given by st pope john paul 11 on the nature of the human person, human sexuality and the purpose of life. it examines God's original plan for human love and freedom
What is Theology of the Body?
the ability to know
What is the human intellect?
the ability to freely choose our actions
what is the human free will?
we are made for relationship and for love
We are made in the image and likeness of God. what does this mean?
that ability to do as one ought
what is freedom?
so that we might love
why does freedom exist?
free, total, faithful, fruitful
what are the 4 main characteristics of true love?
through the body ( language of the body)
if our souls has our power of intellect, will, emotions, how does it communicate since it id spiritual/ invisible?
use- to use other as an object for my own selfish reasons
What is the opposite of love?
Pornography- let go of the hidden shame and bring it to the light ( confession, share difficulty with a trusted adult or friend, and devotion to our lady)
what is one of the most harmful ways we can damage our ability to love? how can we overcome an attachment to this?
present- like pulling back the curtain of time and allowing us access to really encounter, touch, experience God
the liturgy makes a saving action/event in the life of christ___________ to us
_____________ is the miracle in which the essences of the bread and win are transformed into the body and blood of christ, while the appearance, tastes, etc..., stay the same
we receive the precious body and blood of christ, prepared by the priest at the right side of the alter ( symbol of christ)
the river flowing from the east gate of the temple, foreshadows the blood and water flowing from the heart of the temple of christ's body, and we participate in this same mystery when....
a great Feast of the church on which one is obligated to attend Mass, even though it is not a Sunday. there are six holy days of obligation in the USA. an EX is the feast of the Immaculate Conception, December 8th
What is a holy day of obligation?
how long should you refrain from food and drink before receiving Holy Communion?
we must attend mass each sunday( or saturday evening)
what is the main way to keep the 3rd commandment: keep holy the sabbath?
an outward sign of an inward reality, instituted by christ, to give us grace.
what is the definition of the sacrament?
How many sacraments are there?
Eucharist and reconciliation
which 2 sacraments are we encouraged to receive as often as possible?
once a month
how often does the church recommend we should go to the sacrament of reconciliation?
what is another name for sacred scripture?
What does the word Gospel mean?
Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
Who are the 4 gospel writers?
the beginning of the church
What is the Acts of the Apostles about?
i can do all things through him who strengthens me.
what is Philippians 4:13?
in the world you will have hardship, but be courageous: i have conquered the world
what is John 16:33
where the spirit of the lord is, there is freedom
What is 2 Corinthians 3:17
"Do not conform yourselves to this world, but be transformed by a renewal of your mind. That you may judge what is God's will, what is good, pleasing and perfect."
what is Romans 12:1-2
and because you are sons, god has the spirit of his son into our hearts, crying, abba! father! so through god you are no longer a slave but a son, and if a son then an heir.
what is Galations 4:6-7
anyone who loves me will keep my word, in my father will love him, and we shall come to him and make a home in him... peace I give to you, my own peace I give you, a piece which the world cannot give, this is my gift to you. do not let your heart be troubled or afraid
what is john 14:23,27
she shows us the perfect response of a human being to god, and she always leads us to jesus
Why is Mary important?
the doga that mary, from the first moment of her conception in her mother's womb, was preserved free from original sin and its effects through the saving actions of JC
What is the Immaculate Conception?
the doga that mary was assumed body and soul into heaven at the end of her life.
What is the Assumption?
through the prayer of the _______ we ask Mary to pray for us while meditating on the life of her son, jesus.
what is the name of the town where Mary appeared to st. Bernadette 1858?
what is the name of the town where Mary appeared to three Shepherd children in 1917 with a message consecration to her Immaculate Heart?
what is the name of the town where mary appeared to st juan diego in 1531 to remain the people of her motherly love?
May and October
what 2 months do we share love and devotion in a particular way to mary?
20- joyful, luminous, sorrowful, glorious
How many mysteries of the rosary are there?
not only will we be loved and protected by her, but we will become closer to jesus
what will happen to us if throughout our lives we stay close to mary?
the truth- live it, speak it, act it. we are made for it, and there is power, confidence and peace in it.
what must we always strive to live in?
purity of character- our thoughts, word and actions agree with one another. we no longer pretend, but are free and authentic.
What is integrity?
Daily prayer and silence
what is essential to achieving happiness?
choose your __________, don't let them choose you. studies show that you will become like your 5 closest.
I am loved by God. I am beautiful. these truths should be said to ourselves often. They are already true about you. you do not need to find them in any relationship these truths speak each of our
We Believe those We Trust. be careful of who you trust especially voices from the culture around you- examine them poor integrity, truth, the ability to be faithful- because you will listen to those you trust
Why is trust so important?
our thinking- what message are playing in your head? are they true and inspiring? what image are playing there? are they true and pure? our thoughts influence our attitudes and our attitudes inspire our behavior. thinking is very important.
what must we daily examine?
freedom enables us to be fully alive. we must acknowledge when we are are not free due to peer pressure, being too attached to a person. we are made to be free
why is freedom so important?
we must be intention- think and choose deliberately. we must have goals and a plan to achieve them.
we cannot think that simply wanting a good life is enough, what else must we do?
A sincere gift of yourself- only in letting go of the lie that "what's in it for me" will we find our true identity and true happiness.
you will find yourself through_________
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