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27 terms

Ch9 Launching the New Government

STUDY
PLAY
inauguration
ceremony in which the President officially takes the oath of office
precedent
an act or decision that sets the example for others to follow.
Cabinet
group of officials who head government departments and advise the President
Judiciary Act
1789 law that created the structure of the Supreme Court and set up a system of district and circuit courts
national debt
total amount that a government owes to others
bond
certificate that promises to repay money loaned, plus interest, on a certain date
speculator
one who invests in a risky venture in the hope of making a large profit
Bank of the United States
bank set up in 1791 - holds government deposits, issues paper $, pays government bills, makes loans to farmers and businesses
tariff
tax on foreign goods brought in to a country
Whiskey Rebellion
1794 protest over a tax on all liquor made and sold in the U.S.
French Revolution
1789 rebellion that ended the French monarchy for a time.
foreign policy
actions that a nation takes in relation to other nations
neutral
not taking sides in a conflict
Neutrality Proclamation
1793 statement by President that the U.S. would not support either Britain or France in their conflict
Jay's Treaty
1795 agreement between Britain and U.S. over forts, ships and debts owed to British merchants
Farewell Address
final official speech of Presidents as they leave office
faction
opposing group within a party
unconstitutional
not allowed under the Constitution
Democratic Republican
Supporters of Thomas Jefferson; those who favored a decentralized government
Federalist
those who wanted a strong national government
XYZ Affair
1797 French attempt to bribe the U.S. over negotiations for seized ships.
frigate
fast sailing gun ship
Alien and Sedition acts
1798 laws that allowed foreigners to be expelled, made it harder for them to become citizens and made it possible to jail or fine citizens who criticize the government
sedition
stirring up rebellion against a government
nullify
to cancel
Kentucky and Virginia resolutions
declarations that claimed each state had a right to decide if federal laws are constitutional and to nullify them within the state
states' rights
the right of states to limit the power of the federal government