Civics Retake SOL Flash Cards
Terms in this set (24)
Primary State Powers (Reserved)
Powers kept aside by the constitution that only the state may have. (stated in the 10th Amendment)
1. Promotes public health
Primary National Powers
1. Conducts Foreign Policy
2. Regulates trade and commerce
3. Provides for the common defense
Requirements of Citizenship
1. 18 years old
2. Speak and understand English
3. Resident for 5 years (3 if married to US citizen)
4. Good moral character (no crimes, etc)
5. Pass us gov't history test
6. Take Oath
Two was to be a citizen: Birth or Naturalization (Choice)
Three types (localities): Town, City, County
County- Board of Supervisors (Legislative), Manager (Executive)
City/Town- City or Town Council (Legislative), Mayor as Elected Executive or manager.
Expressed Powers of Congress
1. Powers stated in the Constitution:
Powers to collect taxes, establish army, establish postal system, make laws, and declare war
2. These are considered National Powers
Implied Powers of Congress
Powers not specifically written in the Constitution. Ex- Details on HOW to run the US Postal System
Functions of a Political Party
1. Nomination candidates
2. Help Candidates win
3. Educate the electorate (voters)
4. Monitor office holders (watchdog)
Similarities between Political Parties
1. Organize to win elections
2. Influence public policies
3. Reflect both liberal and conservative views
4. Define themselves in a way that wins majority support by appealing to the political center (moderates or middle)
1. System used to elect the PRESIDENT and VP
Every state has the same number of electoral vote as CONGRESSIONAL REPRESENTATION.
2. Winner-takes-all system leads to targeting of densely populated states during campaigns. (states with large populations)
R.A.P.P.S- Freedom of Religion, Assembly, Press, Petition, and Speech
The Right to Remain Silent/Double Jeopardy, right to due process (national gov't)
1. Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens
2. Guaranteed equal protection of the laws- no discrimination.
3. Applies Due Process to states
Advances in Technology (ex. internet)
Increase the flow of information, capital, goods, and services and lowers cost of production,
Federal Reseve System
1. Central Bank of the US.
2. Regulates banks to help ensure soundness of banks and safety of deposits
3. Influences the money supply and interest rates to keep inflation low and stable
4. Provides financial services to banks and the federal government
Voting Requirements in VA
1. 18 years by day of the general election
2. Citizen of US
3. Resident of state
4. Registered 22 days before election
5. Can register online, by mail, at registrars office, or at DMV.
Why are laws made?
Because laws are a response to a problem or issue
1. Make careful spending decisions
2. Save and invest for the future
3. Have insurance (health, car, home)
4. Keep to a budget
5. Use credit wisely (borrow carefully)
6. Understand how contracts, warranties, and guarantees can protect you
Circular flow of economics
1. Individuals own and sell resources AND buy goods and services from businesses.
2. Businesses pay individuals for resources (human, natural, capital) AND produce/sell goods and services.
US Gov't and Economy
1. The gov't intervenes in the economy when the benefits outweigh the costs
2. Provides public goods and services that individuals can't efficiently provide themselves
3. Protects competition in the marketplace
4. Establishes policies to encourage trade
5. Supports business start-ups
6. Protects property rights-peoples legal claim of ownership.
Local Gov't and International Issues
Local governments may formulate, adopt, and implement public policies in response to international issues such as:
1. Handling a pandemic
2. Public safety in the event of terrorism
3. Economic policies that respond to the global economy
4. Policies that protect the environment
Primary Issues of State Legislative Process
2. Public Health
4. State Biennial Budget
Private Financial Institutions
• Include banks, savings and loans, and credit unions
• Receive deposits and make loans
• Encourage saving and investing by paying interest on deposits.
Influences on Law Making (Public Policy)
Individuals can participate by voting, campaigning, seeking office, expressing opinions or joining interest groups
Interest groups can identify issues, make political contributions, and lobby government officials
1. The process of studying careers, assessing yourself in terms of careers, and making decisions about a future career or educational options.
2. Attitudes and behaviors that support a strong work ethic increases career success.